|Official name: Village of Palatine|
|Motto: A Real Home Town|
|Elevation||741 ft (226 m)|
|Area||13.76 sq mi (36 km2)|
|- land||13.62 sq mi (35 km2)|
|- water||0.14 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||5,033.6 / sq mi (1,943 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Postal code||60067, 60074, 60078, 60094, 60095, 60173, 60195|
|Area code||847, 224|
|Wikimedia Commons: Palatine, Illinois|
Palatine is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a northwestern residential suburb of Chicago. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 65,479. In the 2010 census its population had risen to 68,557, making it the seventh-largest community in Cook County and the 18th-largest in the state of Illinois.
Palatine is located at (42.116885, -88.040613).
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 13.76 square miles (35.6 km2), of which 13.62 square miles (35.3 km2) (or 98.98%) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) (or 1.02%) is water. Palatine's shape resembles that of the head of an axe.
Palatine is in a wooded marshland where several streams rise around the village. Most of these streams meet up with Salt Creek which rises at Wilke Marsh on the village's east side. The most notable exception is the northeast side, where its streams lie in the Buffalo Creek watershed. A small part of the east and southeast sides lies in the McDonald Creek watershed.
The first European-American to settle in Palatine is generally thought to be George Ela, who built a log cabin in the area now called Deer Grove. Ela was one of the first of a wave of pioneers to migrate to northern Illinois following the Black Hawk War. A road which passes through the western edge of Palatine is called Ela in his honor.
The Village of Palatine was founded in 1866. It was built around a station on the new Chicago and North Western Railway. Joel Wood surveyed and laid out the village, earning him the title of Palatine's founder. One of Palatine's original downtown streets is named after Wood.
A shortline railroad, the Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad, was built in 1911, and began full passenger service to Wauconda, Illinois, in 1912. The line was closed in 1924 after a series of financial misfortunes and the improvement of roads in the area. The PLZ&W provided transportation to Dr. Wilson's Deer Grove Park, just north of Dundee Road in Palatine.
Palatine's first suburb-style subdivision was called Palanois Park, built shortly after World War II. The town has experienced rapid growth since the 1970s, part of Chicago's growing suburban sprawl. Palatine was home to the Cook County Fair from 1914 to 1931. The fairgrounds are now a subdivision with a name that pays tribute to Palatine's former fairgrounds.
During the early 1990s, Palatine along with neighboring Rolling Meadows and far northern suburb Zion were sued by atheist activist Rob Sherman over its village seal and seal-defaced flag, which had a Christian cross, among other things, inside an outline of an eagle. A 1992 advisory referendum to keep the seal passed, but another referendum to use public funds to defend the seal failed, leading the village to drop the seal. While Rolling Meadows and Zion developed new seals with the crosses removed, Palatine has since been without an official seal or flag, and is Illinois' largest city or village as such. The French tricolor reflecting the village's sister city relationship with Fontenay-le-Comte, France, has flown at times on the flagpole meant for the village flag outside village hall.
In 1993, a multiple homicide, the Brown's Chicken massacre, received national attention.
Palatine has been in the process of revitalizing its downtown area since December 1999. This process has spawned a new passenger train station, a nearby parking garage, and several new condominiums, rowhomes, and commercial buildings.
In 2008, Palatine made news by threatening to secede from Cook County over the latter's sales tax hike; as a result of the tax hike, Palatine's sales tax is 9.5% - one of the United States' highest sales tax rates. In 2009, residents of Palatine Township (which includes the village of Palatine) overwhelmingly voted to pass an advisory referendum stating that they would like to secede from Cook County.
Palatine operates under the Council-manager form of local government. Six councilmen are elected from their respective districts, while the entire village elects the Village Clerk and the Mayor. The council then hires a Village Manager to oversee the town's day-to-day operation. The current mayor is Jim Schwantz.
Palatine is part of Community Consolidated School District 15 (CCSD15) for public elementary schools and Township High School District 211 (D211) for public high schools. Both the school districts' main offices are located in Palatine, and have both won numerous awards. In 2003, CCSD15 was awarded the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award by then-President, George W. Bush; few school districts in the nation have been awarded since the awards began in 1988. The village is home to two high schools, Palatine High School on the northeast side and William Fremd High School on the southwest side, and a community college, William Rainey Harper College. Both high schools and the college, as well as the public library, have received high national honors. There are two public junior high schools in Palatine, Walter R. Sundling Junior High, and Winston Campus–Junior High. Some students in Palatine attend Plum Grove Junior High in Rolling Meadows, just outside of Palatine's limits.
Elementary schools (K-6)
- Gray M. Sanborn School
- Hunting Ridge School
- Jane Addams School
- Lake Louise School
- Lincoln School
- Marion Jordan School
- Pleasant Hill School
- Stuart R. Paddock School
- Virginia Lake School
- Winston Campus School–Elementary
Junior high schools (7-8)
- Walter R. Sundling Junior High
Feeder schools: Lincoln, Marion Jordan, and Sanborn
- Winston Campus–Junior High
Feeder schools: Winston Campus-Elementary, Jane Addams, Virginia Lake and Lake Louise
Private schools (Preschool-8)
Feeder schools: Walter R. Sundling (students that attended Lincoln and Sanborn) and Winston Campus-Junior High
Feeder schools: Plum Grove Junior High and Walter R. Sundling (students that attended Marion Jordan)
- District 211 Academy-North
- Streetfest- Similar to Taste of Chicago, this event includes lines of food vendors down the streets of Downtown Palatine, with music playing and games and other fun activities going on at the same time. This happens at the end of every summer (August) every year and is meant for families and friends to enjoy.
- Fourth of July Celebration- Another tradition of Palatine is the schedule of Fourth of July events that occur every year. From an annual parade, to fireworks, to the carnival that comes into town, Palatine is full of the traditional celebration of every Fourth of July holiday. Events are for members of all ages, and are things that occur every year.
Palatine Park District
The Palatine Park District serves 85,000 residents within the Palatine, Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Inverness, Hoffman Estates and Barrington communities. It is governed by five elected park commissioners who oversee a professional staff.
The Palatine Park District operates four swimming pools (Family Aquatic Center, Birchwood, and Eagle) for its residents as well as two recreational centers (Community Center & Birchwood). Planning is currently underway for a third rec center at Falcon Park.
Salt Creek Rural Park District
It is the mission of the Salt Creek Rural Park District to provide for the community a quality park and recreation system that is committed to excellence in service and facilities, as well as being sensitive to individuals and economics.
The Salt Creek Rural Park District was formed in 1956 and operates under the Park District Code of Statutory Laws which directly governs the power, duties, and purposes relating to park districts in the State of Illinois.
Legal voters from the park district elect seven non-paid park commissioners. Commissioners serve 6, 4, and 2 year terms. The Board of Commissioners elect a President, Vice President, Treasurer and Secretary. The commissioners appoint a Director of Parks and Recreation to manage the day-to-day operations of the district.
The Director of Parks and Recreation hires professional administrative staff to oversee the operation of parks, recreation facilities and recreation programs.
The district provides recreation and leisure services to the residents that live within the corporate boundaries of the district. The corporate boundaries of the district include parts of the Village of Arlington Heights, Palatine and the City of Rolling Meadows.
The district also provides recreation and leisure services to many non-residents of the area on a fee basis.
JPMorgan Chase (Chase Cards) has a payment processing center located in Palatine.
According to Palatine's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Community Consolidated School District 15||2,200|
|2||Township High School District 211||2,000|
|3||United Parcel Service||1,920|
|4||United States Postal Service||1,900|
|7||Village of Palatine||364|
As of the 2010 census, there were 68,557 people, 26,876 households, and 17,646 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 76.9% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 10.3% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.4% some other race, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.0% of the population.
There were 26,876 households out of which 33.2% had any child under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were headed by husband-wife couples, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 7.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 3.16.
In the village the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Of the total population, 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female.
According to the 2011 American Community Survey, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $63,756, and the median income for a family was $74,915. The per capita income for the village was $30,049. About 8.2% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
- Born of Osiris, deathcore band; some members are from Palatine
- Michael Bradley, midfielder with the US National Team and A.S. Roma (Italian); lived in Palatine
- Mauro Fiore, Academy Award-winning cinematographer; attended Palatine High School
- John Gegenhuber, actor
- Vicki Gunvalson, cast member of The Real Housewives of Orange County
- Stanley M. Hough, thoroughbred racehorse trainer
- Todd Hundley, catcher with the Mets, Cubs, and Dodgers; attended William Fremd High School
- Timothy Huskey, distinguished US Army helicopter pilot (Distinguished Flying Cross and Bronze Star Medal); author ("Blood and Iron" and "The Dreamland Deception")
- Thymme Jones, drummer for Cheer-Accident
- Larry Lujack, radio personality; lived in Palatine while hosting on WLS
- Carol Marin, journalist (NBC 5 Chicago, Chicago Tonight); attended Palatine High School
- Christina Moore, actress (MADtv)(Jessie)
- Kris Myers, percussionist for Umphrey's McGee
- Ted Nugent, guitarist and singer; grew up in Palatine
- Stuart Paddock, founder of Paddock Press, now the Daily Herald
- Maria Pinto, fashion designer; designed outfits worn by current first lady Michelle Obama
- Frederik Pohl, science-fiction writer and critic
- David Saunders, wide receiver and linebacker with several arena football teams
- Jim Schwantz, linebacker with the Chicago Bears, San Francisco 49ers, and Dallas Cowboys; mayor of Palatine
- Mallory Snyder, model, cast member of The Real World: Paris
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places fully within/partially within Cook County, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places within Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "Village of Palatine Street Map". Village of Palatine. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- Whitney, Richard. Old Maud: The Story of The Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad. Polo, Illinois: Transportation Trails, 1992. ISBN 0-933449-14-3
- Village of Palatine. "Downtown Land Use Guide Update. Online: .
- Welcome to the Academy-North Website!
- Pareti, Tim (24 August 2000). "Downtown Streetfest To Give A Warm Summer Send-off". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- "Hometown Fest 2012". Palatine Jaycees. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- Village of Palatine CAFR
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP03): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Fave designer of first lady to close shop - DailyHerald.com
- Mallory Snyder - AskMen
- Village of Palatine official website
- Palatine Public Library District
- Palatine Historical Society
- Pioneer Local newspaper
- Palatine Park District
- Salt Creek Rural Park District