Palazzo Corsini

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The rear entrance of the Palazzo Corsini

The Palazzo Corsini is a prominent late-baroque palace in Rome, erected for the Corsini family between 1730-1740 as an elaboration of the prior building on the site, a 15th-century villa of the Riario family, based on designs of Ferdinando Fuga. It is located in the Trastevere section of the city, and stands beside the Villa Farnesina. During 1659-1689, the former Riario palace had hosted the eccentric Christina, Queen of Sweden, who abdicated, converted, and moved to Rome. Under her patronage, this was the site for the first meetings of the Roman Accademia dell'Arcadia.

In 1736, the Florentine Cardinal Neri Maria Corsini, nephew of Pope Clement XII (formerly Cardinal Lorenzo Corsini), acquired the villa and land, and commissioned the structure now standing. During the Napoleonic occupation of Rome, the palace hosted Joseph Bonaparte.

Today, the palace hosts some offices of the National Academy of Science (Accademia dei Lincei) and the Galleria Corsini. The gardens, which rise up the Janiculum hill, are part of the Orto Botanico dell'Università di Roma "La Sapienza", a botanical garden. This also, is not the sole Palazzo Corsini in Italy; there are a handful of palaces belonging to various lines of this Florentine family, which acquired and built this Roman palace, sometime referred to as Palazzo Corsini Lungarno only upon the ascension of their family member to the papacy. Another Corsini palace of note include the Palazzo Corsini al Parione, facing the banks of the Arno in Florence.

Galleria Corsini[edit]

View of Rome from the Gianicolo, di Giuseppe Vasi (al centro il palazzo Corsini)

The Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica di Palazzo Corsini or National Gallery of Antique Art in the Corsini Palace is a prominent art museum comprising the first floor of the palace. The national Arte Antica collections (typically post-year 1000 A.D.) in Rome consist of a number of sites, including Palazzo Barberini, Galleria Borghese, and the Palazzo Corsini.

The majority of the major works in the Corsini Gallery collection were donated by the Corsini family, and initially were gathered by the avid 17th century collector, the cardinal Neri Maria Corsini, and added to by other members and from collections of Pope Clement XII and his nephew. In 1883, this palace and its contents were sold to the state, and the collection is displayed in its original location. The collection encompasses the breadth of mainly Italian art from early-Renaissance to late-18th century. It has both religious and historical works, as well as landcapes and genre paintings.

Partial list of collection[edit]

Label Painter Span Work Date Link
1 Beato Angelico Pentecost, Ascension, and Last Judgement [1]
2 Cavalier d'Arpino 1560-1640 Resurrection of Lazarus
3 Jacopo Bassano 1515-1592 Adoration of the shepherds [2]
4 Marco Benefial 1684-1786 Vision of Santa Catherine of Genoa
5 Annibale Carracci 1560-1609 St. Francis
6 Caravaggio St. John the Baptist c. 1600 [3]
7 Marten van Cleef Rural festivity
8 Donato Creti 1671-1749 Adoration by the Magi
9 Donato Creti 1671-1749 Vision of Jacob
10 Cristoph van Der Lamen The rescue
11 Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Madonna della Paglia [4]
12 Marcantonio Franceschini 1648-1729 Ascension of the Magdalen
13 Francesco Francia 1450-1517 St. George and the dragon
14 Orazio Gentileschi 1563-1646 Madonna and child [5]
15 Luca Giordano 1634-1705 Christ before the doctors
16 Luca Giordano 1634-1705 Entry of Christ to Jerusalem
17 Guercino 1591-1666 Apollo and Marysas
18 Hans Hoffmann The Leper
19 Angelica Kauffman Portrait
20 Giovanni Lanfranco St. Peter and St. Agatha
21 Giovanni Lanfranco 1582-1647 Ascension of the Magdalen
22 Giovanni Lanfranco 1582-1647 Tamar and Judith
23 Master del Solomon's Judgement Denial by Peter
24 Carlo Maratta 1625-1713 Madonna with the Bambino
25 Carlo Maratta 1625-1713 Young St John the Baptist & Angels
26 Carlo Maratta 1625-1713 Trinity
27 Carlo Maratta 1625-1713 Martyrdom of St. Andrew
28 Carlo Maratta 1625-1713 Rebecca at the well
29 Carlo Maratta 1625-1713 Flight to Egypt
30 Agostino Masucci 1690-1768
31 Pier Francesco Mola 1612-1666 Homer
32 Bartolomeo Esteban Murillo Madonna with the Bambino [6]
33 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta 1682-1754 Judith
34 Nicolas Poussin Triumph of Ovid
35 Mattia Preti 1613-1699 Tribute of gold
36 Mattia Preti 1613-1699 San Bartolomeo
37 Guido Reni 1575-1642 Portrait of Beatrice Cenci
38 Guido Reni 1575-1642 Magdalen
39 Guido Reni 1575-1642 Ecce Homo
40 Guido Reni 1575-1642 Salomè with head of the Baptist, St. Joseph and Christ crowned with thorns
41 Guido Reni 1575-1642 Herod
42 Guido Reni 1575-1642 St. Joseph
43 Jusepe de Ribera Venus and dead Adonis [7]
44 Giovan Francesco Romanelli 1610-1662 Adoration by the Magi
45 Giovan Francesco Romanelli 1610-1662 Adoration by the Shepherds
46 Theodor Rombouts 1597-1637 Concert
47 Salvator Rosa 1615-1673
48 Peter Paul Rubens 1577-1640 St. Sebastian healed by angels [8]
49 Giovanni Battista Salvi (Sassoferrato) 1605-1685
50 Andrea del Sarto 1486-1531 Madonna with the Bambino
51 Bartolomeo Schedoni 1578-1615
52 Johann Heinrich Schonfeld 1609 - 1683
53 Gerard Seghers 1591-1651
54 Massimo Stanzione 1585-1656
55 Nicolas Tournier 1590-1657
56 Francesco Trevisani Martyrdom of St. Lawrence
57 Francesco Trevisani Martyrdom of St. Lucy
58 Francesco Trevisani The Virgin grieving
59 Francesco Trevisani Magdalen
60 Lucas Van Uder 1595-1672
61 Gaspar Van Wittel 1595-1672
62 Simon Vouet Herod
63 Philips Wouwerman 1619 - 1668

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′36″N 12°28′00″E / 41.893329°N 12.466586°E / 41.893329; 12.466586

External links[edit]