Linum bienne

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Linum bienne
Flower March 2008-13 edit.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Linaceae
Genus: Linum
Species: L. bienne
Binomial name
Linum bienne
Mill.
Synonyms[1]
  • Adenolinum angustifolium (Huds.) Rchb.
  • Cathartolinum agreste Rchb.
  • Linum angustifolium Huds.

Linum bienne (Pale Flax) is a flowering plant in the genus Linum, native to the Mediterranean region and western Europe, north to England and Ireland.

The Pale Flax grows as a biennial or perennial plant in dry, sunny calcareous or neutral grasslands from sea level up to 1000 metres. It has long, narrow stems to 60 cm tall and slender leaves 1.5-2.5 cm long. The flowers have five petals about 1 cm long and nearly round; they are pale blue but streaked with darker colour. It flowers in late spring and, at least in more temperate regions, through the summer. The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by bees and wasps.

Linum bienne (=L. angustifolium) is considered the probable wild forebear of the cultivated flax,[2] and a fibre can be made from its stem. It is sometimes grown as a garden plant.

It has been introduced into North America, where it is naturalised on the Pacific coast from Oregon to the central coast of California, and also in Pennsylvania; it is also found in Hawaii.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Allaby, R.; Peterson, G.; Merriwether, D.; Fu, Y.-B. (2005). "Evidence of the domestication history of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) from genetic diversity of the sad2 locus". Theoretical and Applied Genetics 112 (1): 58–65. doi:10.1007/s00122-005-0103-3. 
  • Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Illustrated Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. Hodder & Stoughton.
  • Huxley, A. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening vol. 3: 93. Macmillan.

External links[edit]