Palestine is a geographical region in the Middle East. Based on the borders of Mandatory Palestine, the region today comprising primarily Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and small parts of Jordan. It is also a commonly used abbreviation for the State of Palestine, a state declared by the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1988 and currently a non-member observer state in the UN.
Other common meanings
- Palestinian Liberation Organization - a Palestinian representative in the UN under symbol "Palestine", as an observer entity between 1970s to 2012.
- Palestinian National Authority, an administrative organisation established to govern parts of the Palestinian territories since 1994.
- Palestinian territories, also known as "Occupied Palestinian Territory" (oPt), officially applied by the international organizations to refer to Palestinian Authority between 1998 to 2012.
Other historical meanings
- Philistia, a name used in the Bible to refer to a pentapolis in the Southern Levant, established by Philistines c.1175 BC and existing in various forms until the Assyrian conquest in 8th century
- Palaistinê or Palaestina names used by Greek and Romans to refer to parts of the Levant during the Persian and Hellenic periods
- Syria Palaestina (135-330 CE), a province of the Roman Empire following merger of renamed Iudaea with Roman Syria
- Palaestina Prima, a Byzantine province in the Levant from 390 to 636, comprising the Galilee and northern Jordan Valley
- Palaestina Secunda, a Byzantine province in the Levant from 390 to 636, comprising the shoreline and hills of the Southern Levant (Judea and Samaria)
- Palaestina Salutaris, a Byzantine province established in 6th century, covering the Negev and Transjordan
- Jund Filastin (638 – 10th century), a military district of Bilad al-Sham province of Arab Caliphates
- Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem (1872-1917), a district of the Ottoman Empire commonly referred to as Palestine
- Mandatory Palestine (1920–1948), a mandated area named Palestine and exercised by Britain, covering former Southern Syria of the Ottomans
- All-Palestine Government, a Palestinian Arab state, proclaimed by the Arab League on September 22, 1948, and seated in Egyptian occupied Gaza Strip. It was absorbed into the United Arab Republic in 1959
Other places named Palestine or similar
- Palestrina (anciently Praeneste), an ancient city and comune (municipality) with a population of about 18,000, in Lazio, c. 35 km east of Rome
- Palestina, a small hamlet within the community of Nijkerk
- Palestine, Hampshire, a village near Andover
- Palestine Place, headquarters of the Church's Ministry Among Jewish People, in London
- Palestine, Arkansas
- Palestine, Connecticut
- Palestine, Illinois
- Palestine, Kosciusko County, Indiana
- Palestine, Franklin County, Indiana
- New Palestine, Indiana
- Palestine, Ohio
- East Palestine, Ohio
- Palestine, Texas
- Palestine, Greenbrier County, West Virginia
- Palestine, Wirt County, West Virginia
- Lake Palestine, a reservoir in eastern Texas
- Filastin, a newspaper published by Daoud Isa, based in Jaffa
- Journal of Palestine Studies, an academic journal founded in 1971
- Palestine (Sacco comic), a comic by Joe Sacco
- Palestine–Israel Journal, a quarterly journal based in Jerusalem
- Palestine Times, a daily English-language newspaper produced in Palestine
- The Palestine Telegraph, an electronic newspaper produced in the Gaza Strip
- The Palestine Post, the former name of The Jerusalem Post, an Israeli English-language daily newspaper
- Palestine Herald-Press, a newspaper published in and serving the Palestine, Texas area
- Charlemagne Palestine, American composer
- Palestine (horse), racehorse who won the 2,000 Guineas in 1950
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