Palestinian March 2007 National Unity Government
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Politics and government of
the Palestinian territories
The Palestinian national unity government formed on 17 March 2007 (Arabic: المجلس الفلسطيني لآذار 17 2007) was a Palestinian cabinet headed by Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniya, founded following negotiations in Mecca. On 14 June 2007, Following the Hamas military takeover of the Gaza Strip, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas announced the dissolution of the unity government.
Hamas won the 2006 Palestinian elections. As a result, Israel, the United States, the European Union, several Western states, and the Arab states imposed sanctions suspending all foreign aid, upon which Palestinians depend.
On 8 February 2007, negotiations in Mecca produced agreement on a Palestinian national unity government signed by Mahmoud Abbas on behalf of Fatah and Khaled Mashal on behalf of Hamas. The new government was called on to achieve Palestinian national goals as approved by the Palestine National Council, the clauses of the Basic Law and the National Reconciliation Document (the "Prisoners' Document") as well as the decisions of the Arab summit.
In March 2007, the Palestinian Legislative Council established a national unity government, with 83 representatives voting in favor and three against. Government ministers were sworn in by President Mahmoud Abbas at a ceremony held simultaneously in Gaza and Ramallah. In June that year, Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip from the national unity government after forcing out Fatah.
On 14 June 2007, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas announced the dissolution of the March 2007 unity government and the declaration of a state of emergency. Ismail Haniya has been dismissed, and Abbas will rule Gaza and the West Bank by presidential decree.
Following the takeover of the Gaza Strip Egypt and Israel largely sealed their border crossings with Gaza, on the grounds that Fatah had fled and was no longer providing security on the Palestinian side. Egypt fearing a spill-over of Hamas-style militancy into their territory assisted in the blockade. The sanctions were tightened in response to rocket attacks on southern Israel and Palestinian militant attacks on crossing points between Israel and Gaza.
Members of the Palestine cabinet 
See also 
- "Palestinians OK Unity Govt". 18 March 2007..Arab News
- "The Palestinian National Unity Government". 24 February 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- Black, Ian; Tran, Mark (15 June 2007). "Hamas takes control of Gaza". Guardian (London). Retrieved 3 June 2010.
- "Abbas Dissolves Palestinian Authority Government in Wake of Hamas-Fatah War". Fox News. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
- Levinson, Charles; Matthew Moore (14 June 2007). "Abbas declares state of emergency in Gaza". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 14 June 2007.
- "Abbas sacks Hamas-led government". BBC News. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2007.
- Olmert aide supports free Gaza. By Dion Nissenbaum. McClatchy Newspapers. Published 8 December 2008
- Palestinians flood into Egypt after blowing up border wall, The Guardian, 23 January 2008.
- "Truck bomb destroys Gaza-Israel pedestrian crossing". USA Today. Associated Press. 22 May 2008.