Hawaii Route 61
|Maintained by HDOT|
|Length:||10.8 mi (17.4 km)|
|Existed:||early 1950s – present|
|South end:||Route 98 in Honolulu|
|H-1 in Honolulu|
|North end:||Hamakua Drive in Kailua|
Hawaii Route 61, often called the Pali Highway, is the main highway connecting downtown Honolulu, Hawaii with the windward side of Oʻahu island. From downtown, it traverses up Nuʻuanu Valley and the residential neighborhood of Nuʻuanu, passes through the Nuʻuanu Pali Tunnels, and descends to the major windward communities of Kāneʻohe (reached by Kamehameha Highway, State Route 83) and Kailua.
The current Pali Highway is actually the third roadway to be built here. The original Pali "highway" went along much of the same route and portions of the old road still exist, although closed to vehicular traffic. When the current Pali Highway and its tunnels opened, the original roadway was closed and is now used by hikers. The "Old Pali Highway", as it is now called, is noted in the popular culture of Hawaii for being a place with strong spiritual connections. Many ghost stories have settings along this old highway. A large portion of the old highway was built over the ancient Hawaiian foot paths that traversed the famous Pali pass, which was the most easily accessible route to take from the Windward to Honolulu side. This was because much of the Koʻolau range on the Windward side has steep cliffs that make it nearly impossible to traverse over safely.
Points of interest
The lower mouth of Nuʻuanu valley is the site of historic Oahu Cemetery, founded in 1844. Over time it was expanded with the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii in 1863, and the Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park. A few blocks to the east is the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.
Hawaii Route 61 has several free scenic lookouts, including the Pali Lookout. The Queen Emma Summer Palace is also on the Pali (2913 Pali Hwy). The following foreign consulates are located on the Pali:
- Consulate General of Korea, 2756 Pali Hwy
- Consulate General-Philippines, 2433 Pali Hwy
- Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, 2746 Pali Hwy
The Pali is also the site of the following houses of worship and religious originations:
- Bentenshu Hawaii Kyokai, 3871 Old Pali Rd
- Catholic Diocese, 6301 Pali Hwy
- First Unitarian Church of Honolulu, 2500 Pali Hwy
- Hawaii Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, 2728 Pali Hwy
- Honmon Butsuryushu Hawaii Mission, 3001 Pali Hwy
- Honpa Hongwanji Mission of Hawai'i Betsuin, 1727 Pali Hwy.
- Nuuanu Congregational Church, Pali Hwy
- St. Stephen Church (Roman Catholic), 2747 Pali Hwy
- Soka Gakkai Intl-USA, 2729 Pali Hwy
- Temple Emanu-El (reform), 2550 Pali Hwy
- Tenrikyo Hawaii Dendocho, 2920 Pali Hwy
Names of State Route 61
- "Fort Street" at the intersection of Vineyard Boulevard
- "Pali Highway" (from downtown Honolulu to Castle Junction near Maunawili)
- "Kalanianaʻole Highway" (from Castle Junction to Castle Medical Center in Kailua
- "Kailua Road" (from Castle Medical Center to central Kailua)
The entire route is in Honolulu County.
|0.2||0.3||H-1||Incomplete access to and from H-1, Exit 21A (H-1)|
|Nu‘uanu Pali Tunnels|
|Maunawili||7.7||12.4||Route 83 west – Kaneohe||Eastern terminus of Route 83|
|9.5||15.3||Route 72 east – Waimānalo||Western terminus of Route 72|
|Kailua, Honolulu County||10.6||17.1||Hamakua Drive||Road continues as Kailua Road|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Andrew Smart (December 2009). "2010 10Best Drivers' Cities". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
- "Honpa Hongwanji Hawaii Betsuin". official web site. 2005. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
- Google Inc. "Hawaii Route 61". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=HI-61+N&daddr=Kailua+Rd&hl=en&ll=21.350142,-157.792683&spn=0.137977,0.222988&sll=21.393088,-157.744108&sspn=0.004291,0.006968&geocode=FTU1RQEdlU2X9g%3BFSVvRgEdTwCZ9g&mra=me&mrsp=1,0&sz=18&t=m&z=13. Retrieved December 7, 2012.