|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Dudhwa National Park, home to Rhinos, Tigers, with countless animal species, birds, insects, reptiles is adjacent to the town.
The river Sharda flows close to the town. Palia is situated close to the Nepal border, with the Nepalese town of Dhangari around 25 km by road. Palia shares its boundaries with Mailani, Bhira, Khutar and Shahzahapur.
Palia is a quick growing town of prosperous and rich Sikh farmers,the main occupation is farming. Industries include Kapoor Beverage(first Packaged Drinking Water Plant in the district and near by, with plant capacity of 50,000 liters a day), with brand name Hydr8 Aqua. Bajaj Hindusthan Limited (BHL) sugar plant, distillery and an eco-friendly plywood production unit. The sugar production plant is second largest sugar production unit in Asia and the plywood production plant is only second plant in the world which produces plywood with bio-gas.Bajaj Hindusthan Limited (BHL) sugar plant with a cane crushing capacity of 1400 TCD was set up in 1972 at Palia Kalan, a large cane supplying centre at a distance of about 75 kilometres from Bajaj's first sugar plant in Gola Gokarannath. The objective of this new Unit was primarily to help the cane growers of the area supply their produce to the new location closer to their fields, thereby cutting down on transportation costs. The capacity was subsequently increased in stages to reach the present 11,000 TCD.
According to 2011 census the total population of Palia kalan is 30000
Lakhimpur Kheri Airport also known as Palia Airport is situated near Dudhwa National Park at Palia Kalan in Lakhimpur Kheri, it is not operational and is at a distance of 90 km from Lakhimpur City, it is approximately 5 km far from Palia. This airstrip is for emergencies but it is usually used by politicians during election period. Palia is very much affected by floods from last few years.
The town is connected through small track railway lines.