Palisades Interstate Park Commission
Palisades Interstate Park
|Location||Fort Lee, New Jersey northward to Palisades, New York|
|NRHP Reference #||66000890 |
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||January 12, 1965 |
Palisades Interstate Park and its creator, the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, was formed in 1900 by governors Theodore Roosevelt of New York and Foster M. Voorhees of New Jersey in response to the destruction of the Palisades by quarry operators in the late 19th century. The Palisades are the cliffs on the west bank of the Hudson River across from and continuing north of Manhattan island. The Commission consists of ten commissioners, five appointed by each Governor, who serve staggered five-year terms.
In 1900, George W. Perkins was appointed chairman of the newly formed Commission by governor Roosevelt. He hired Major William A. Welch as assistant engineer, and in 1914 named him chief engineer and general manager. Under Welch's leadership, the Palisades Interstate Park grew from the initial 10,000 acre (40 km²) Bear Mountain State Park to the more than 40,000 acre (162 km²) Harriman State Park. By 1919 nearly a million people a year were coming to the park.
When work started on the Park there were no existing models or precedents for an endeavor of its nature and scope. Welch organized a massive reforestation program, built 23 new lakes, 100 miles (160 km) of scenic drives and 103 children's camps, where 65,000 urban children enjoyed the outdoors each summer. He helped found the Palisades Interstate Park Trail Conference which later became the New York–New Jersey Trail Conference, and he served as chairman of the Appalachian Trail Conference.
The Palisades park system has been expanded over the years; it now includes 24 parks and eight historic sites, covering over 100,000 acres (405 km²) along more than 20 miles (32 km) of Hudson River shoreline and beyond: the Commission also oversees Minnewaska State Park Preserve. The commission also operates the Palisades Interstate Parkway, built between 1947 and 1958.
The Palisades Interstate Park was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965. The area included in the landmarking is the Palisades Park in New Jersey, the Palisades Park in New York State, and the Tallman Mountain State Park in New York State.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Palisades Interstate Park". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-18.
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination". National Park Service. 1983.
- Myles, William J., Harriman Trails, A Guide and History, The New York-New Jersey Trail Conference, New York, N.Y., 1999.
- New Jersey Palisades
- New Jersey Section of Palisades Interstate Park: Trail Details and Info
- New York - New Jersey Trail Conference