Pallagorio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pallagorio
Comune
Comune di Pallagorio
Pallagorio Retro Chiesa Madre.jpg
Pallagorio is located in Italy
Pallagorio
Pallagorio
Location of Pallagorio in Italy
Coordinates: 39°18′N 16°54′E / 39.300°N 16.900°E / 39.300; 16.900Coordinates: 39°18′N 16°54′E / 39.300°N 16.900°E / 39.300; 16.900
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province Crotone (KR)
Frazioni Trepido
Area
 • Total 41 km2 (16 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total 1,627
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Demonym Pallagoresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 88818
Dialing code 0962
Patron saint Saint Peter

Pallagorio (Albanian: Puhëriu) is a comune and town with a population of 1627 people in the province of Crotone, in Calabria, Italy.

History[edit]

The village and the surrounding area have a very ancient history. The land area has been inhabited since the Neolithic; there are many caves scattered in the territory, in particular the so-called "Cave of St. Maurice" of palaeontological interest.

In historic times, in the second millennium BC, in the territorial area, came to settle the Oenotrian-Italic population of Chone, which left significant traces of their presence, both in place names that in the votive objects found throughout the affected area. Archaeological remains relevant, (votive statues, vases, tombs, walls) from the early first millennium are found all over the area surrounding the town. It is speculated that the area was the seat of Chone, the city Italic-Hellenic founded in Mycenaean age by Greek hero Philoctetes, mentioned by historical sources (Strabo, Apollodorus, Licophrone). Toponyms as "land of Cona" and "three fountains of Cona" still remain. The archaeological finds have emerged with Italic-Hellenic walls, amphorae, votive statues, tombs and the remains of an ancient necropolis with votive statues related to the Orphic cult.

The historical fact rather certain and sure is that at the beginning of the flowering of civilization of Magna Grecia, between the seventh and fifth century BC, Greek colonists started an intense colonization of the territorial area in which is located the village, coming, so, to found the country: that period remains memory and witness the country's name, clearly derived from the Greek (Palaios - Chorion: old country), the Hellenic place names of all the surrounding territory (Patamò, Coracciti, Gardea, Cona etc.) and the significant archaeological finds (votive statues, vases, furniture, walls, tombs) found in the districts surrounding the town, especially in the districts of Rosicella, Coniselle, Coracciti, Pastinella, Suvero, S. Antonio, Monte Pomillo, Gardea.

In Roman times, Latin colonists settled in the area overlooking the village, along the river valley Vitravo, starting an intense colonization of the land; the testimony of this period remain significant traces of the remains of agricultural Roman villas discovered along the watercourse.

In medieval times, the village, concentrated in the districts of "Valle" and "Cucinaro" took the name of "San Giovanni in Palagorio". It had a few hundred inhabitants, mostly farmers, in the employ of the Lords and Diocese of Umbriatico.

Around the middle of the fifteenth century, Albanian-Greek mercenaries from Epirus and Peloponnese under the guidance of Demetrio Reres settled the area after having fought in the war between the Angevins and Aragonese.[1][2][3]

Since the end of the seventeenth century, the village is the subject of an intense and continuous migration of people attracted by the fertility of the land, and the mild climate. The country is then feud of Spinelli to the end of the seventeenth century, then goes to the nobles Rovegno that hold it to the end of the eighteenth century.

In 1799 is recognized farmhouse autonomous with the name "S. Giovanni in Pallagorio" and included in the district of Corigliano. After the events of the Napoleonic, it became an independent town in 1834. Next, it followed the fate of the Bourbonic Kingdom of Italy.

The country has preserved until the middle of the seventeenth century Byzantine Rite in addition to the Catholic Rite. With the prevalence of the Latin population and the willingness of the Catholic Church authorities it gradually affirmed the Latin Rite.

The village still retains the Arbëreshë language, in addition to the Calabrian dialect.

Economy[edit]

Pallagorio relies on the production of oil, wine, cereals, citruses, and the intense breeding of cattle.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Elsie (19 March 2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-8108-7380-3. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Arshi Pipa (1978). Albanian Folk Verse: Structure and Genre. O. Harrassowitz. p. 41. ISBN 978-3-87828-119-1. Retrieved 1 December 2013. The king appointed Demetrius governor of the Reggio province in Calabria 
  3. ^ Perta, Carmela (2004-01-01). Language Decline and Death in Three Arbë- Resh Communities in Italy: A Sociolinguistic Study. Edizioni dell'Orso. p. 1. ISBN 9788876947919. Retrieved 10 June 2013.