Pallas's pika

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pallas's pika[1]
Ochotona pallasi.jpg
O. pallasi
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Lagomorpha
Family: Ochotonidae
Genus: Ochotona
Species: O. pallasi
Binomial name
Ochotona pallasi
(Gray, 1867)
Pallas's Pika area.png
Pallas's Pika range

Pallas's pika (Ochotona pallasi), also known as the Mongolian pika, is a species of mammal in the Ochotonidae family. It is found mainly in the mountains of western Mongolia. There are four subspecies: O. p. pricei, O. p. hamica, O. p. helanshanensis and O. p. sundica. One notable difference is that O. p. pricei generally dwells in dry steppe habitats and may build burrows while the other subspecies tend to prefer rocky habitats. However, none of the subspecies live strictly in either sort of habitat.

Like other pikas, Pallas's Pika is herbivorous and saves grass in the summer to eat in the winter. It often constructs haypiles with this stash, but some populations prefer to keep their stores under rocks.

Pallas's Pika usually has several litters of between one and thirteen offspring during each mating season. Mating habits may vary based on the population size in the area that year.

As a species, Pallas's Pika is common. However, O. p. hamica, O. p. helanshanensis and O. p. sundica are rated as Critically Endangered and Endangered, respectively, on the IUCN Red List.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoffman, R. S.; Smith, A. T. (2005). "Order Lagomorpha". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Smith, A.T. & Johnston, C.H. (2008). Ochotona pallasi. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 10 April 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern.
  • Grzimek, Bernhard, ed. "Pallas's pika". Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Vol. 16. Detroit, MI: Gale, 2003. 499-500.