|6th century CE to 9th century CE|
The Pallava script was developed under the Pallava dynasty of Southern India around the 6th century CE.
Southeast Asian scripts such as Javanese, Kawi, Baybayin, Mon, Burmese, Khmer, Tai Tham, Thai Lao, and the New Tai Lue alphabets are either direct or indirect derivations from the Pallava alphabet.
The form shown here is based on examples from the 7th century AD. Letters labeled * have uncertain sound value, as they have little occurrence in Southeast Asia. (Chart of images based on Pallava glyphs presented at SkyKnowledge.com.)
Each consonant has an inherent /a/, which will be sounded if no vowel sign is attached. If two consonants follow one another without intervening vowel, the second consonant is made into a subscript form, and attached below the first.
- Sivaramamurti, C, Indian Epigraphy and South Indian Scripts. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum. Chennai 1999
- "Javanese alphabet, pronunciation and language (aksara jawa)". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Burmese/Myanmar script and pronunciation". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Khmer/Cambodian alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Lao alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Pallava script". SkyKnowledge.com. 2010-12-30.