Pallavaram

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Pallavaram
பல்லாவரம்

Pallavapuram
பல்லவபுரம்
suburban
Sunset view
Sunset view
Pallavaramபல்லாவரம் is located in Chennai
Pallavaramபல்லாவரம்
Pallavaram
பல்லாவரம்
Coordinates: 12°59′N 80°11′E / 12.98°N 80.18°E / 12.98; 80.18Coordinates: 12°59′N 80°11′E / 12.98°N 80.18°E / 12.98; 80.18
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District Kancheepuram
Metro Chennai
Government
 • Municipal Chairman K. M. R. Nissar Ahamed[1]
Area
 • Total 18 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 215,417
 • Density 12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TN-22
Website municipality.tn.gov.in/Pallavapuram

Pallavaram ('originally Pallava Puram) is a town and a second-grade municipality located in the suburbs of Chennai. It forms a part of the Tambaram taluk of Kanchipuram district and is located 17 kilometres from Chennai city. Pallavaram is known for its cantonment and bustling residential colonies. The suburb is served by Pallavaram railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network.

Pallavaram has a long history and has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Age. The city derives its name from the Pallava settlement of Pallavapuram of which it used to form a part. The cantonment and aerodrome were established during British rule. The British also carried out mining activities on Pallavaram Hill made of charnockite rock which is believed to have healing properties.

History[edit]

Pallavaram is considered to be one of the oldest inhabited places in South India. A major archaeological find was made in the year 1864 when the British archaeologist Robert Bruce Foote discovered a stone implement from the Paleolithic Age inside a ballast pit.[2] Since then, a number of stone age artifacts have been uncovered.[2] Most of these artifacts are currently lodged in the Egmore museum.[2]

The present-day town of Pallavaram has its origins in the setllement of Pallavapuram which existed during the time of the 7th century Pallava king Mahendravarman I.[3] The Pallavas have left titles in early Pallava script at the cave temple in Pallavaram which date back to 600 A.D.[4] The remains of a cave shrine constructed by the Pallava ruler have been found at the spot where an Islamic dargah now stands.[3]

Both the Mughal Empire and the British East India Company had their cantonments in Pallavaram. During the 17th century, Pallavaram remained dependent for sometime, upon the Portuguese colony of San Thome. During the 18th century, the British established a cantonment at Pallavaram, supplementary to the one at St. Thomas Mount. A wireless station was established in the early years of the 20th century. The Madras aerodrome was opened at Pallavaram in 1929. From the late 1930s onwards, Pallavaram formed one of the chief areas of Greater Madras.

Geography[edit]

Periya Eri[edit]

The Pallavaram periya eri (literally 'big lake'), once a sprawling water body covering about 189 acres, has shrunk to a small patch on the lines of a pond on one side and a hillock of garbage on the other. The dumping of garbage from all the 42 wards of the Pallavaram Municipality for nearly a decade is the main reason for the shrinkage of the water body. Nearly 25 acres had been lost to encroachments alone. The construction of Pallavaram–Thoraipakkam Road, a project initiated to connect Chennai Airport and Rajiv Gandhi Salai, had split the lake into two halves. The portion of the lake on the southern side of the road has completely been covered by garbage. On the northern side of the road, the discharge of sewage from commercial establishments and homes and also effluents from some of the leather manufacturing units in Nagalakeni has affected the quality of the water.[5]

Pallavapuram municipality[edit]

During 2001-2011, Pallavaram registered a population growth of 50 percent with a 2011 population of 216,308.[6]

Pallavapuram Municipal office is located at G.S.T. Road, Chromepet. It is very near to Chromepet Railway Station and M.I.T. Campus.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1901 6,416 —    
1911 7,059 +10.0%
1941 9,879 +39.9%
1951 11,941 +20.9%
1961 16,253 +36.1%
1971 51,374 +216.1%
1981 83,901 +63.3%
1991 111,866 +33.3%
2001 143,984 +28.7%
2011 215,417 +49.6%

According to 2011 census, Pallavaram had a population of 215,417 with a sex-ratio of 996 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[8] A total of 22,258 were under the age of six, constituting 11,253 males and 11,005 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 15.88% and .48% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 83.27%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[8] The city had a total of 56135 households. There were a total of 81,669 workers, comprising 164 cultivators, 468 main agricultural labourers, 906 in house hold industries, 73,547 other workers, 6,584 marginal workers, 116 marginal cultivators, 65 marginal agricultural labourers, 326 marginal workers in household industries and 6,077 other marginal workers.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Hindu dated 22 October 2011
  2. ^ a b c Muthiah, Pg 129
  3. ^ a b Muthiah, Pg 128
  4. ^ "A vantage point-of-view". The Hindu. thehindu.com. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 16 Oct 2012. 
  5. ^ Manikandan, K. (2 July 2012). "The slow death of Pallavaram periya eri". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 14 Jul 2012. 
  6. ^ Kalyanaraman, M. (25 October 2011). "Migration Spurs Suburban Sprawl". The Times of India epaper (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 25 Oct 2011. 
  7. ^ "|| Welcome to Pallavapuram Municipality ||". Municipality.tn.gov.in. 1970-01-17. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  8. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Pallavaram". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.