Palm Beach County, Florida
|Palm Beach County, Florida|
Location in the state of Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 30, 1909|
|Named for||Palm Beach, Florida|
|Seat||West Palm Beach|
|Largest city||West Palm Beach|
2,386.33 sq mi (6,181 km²)
1,974.11 sq mi (5,113 km²)
412.22 sq mi (1,068 km²), 17.27%
669/sq mi (258.2/km²)
Palm Beach County is the largest county in the state of Florida in total area, and third in population. As of 2010, the county's estimated population was 1,320,134, making it the twenty-eighth most populous in the United States. Over 40 percent of the county's population lives in unincorporated areas near the Atlantic coast.
Palm Beach County is one of three counties comprising the South Florida metropolitan area. The county was formed in 1909, being separated from what was then the northern portion of Dade County. Its largest city and county seat is West Palm Beach (Central County), which has an incorporated population of over 105,000 and an approximate urban population of 250,000 when including adjacent unincorporated neighborhoods. Boca Raton (South County), is the second largest, having a population approaching 90,000. Boynton Beach (South County), is the third largest city, with a population nearing 70,000 residents.
With wealthy coastal towns such as Palm Beach, Jupiter, Manalapan, and Boca Raton within its limits, as well as equestrian mecca Wellington and golfing haven Palm Beach Gardens, Palm Beach County is Florida's wealthiest county, with a per capita personal income of $44,518 as of 2004.
Among the first residents in Palm Beach County were African Americans, many of whom were former slaves or immediate descendants of former slaves who had escaped to the State of Florida from slave plantations located in Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina. Runaway African slaves started coming to what was then named Spanish Florida in the late 17th century and they found refuge among the Seminole Native Americans.
Henry Flagler, who made his home in Palm Beach, was instrumental in the county's development in the early 20th century with the extension of the Florida East Coast Railway through the county from Jacksonville to Key West.
Palm Beach County was created in 1909. It was named for its first settled community, Palm Beach, in turn named for the palm trees and beaches in the area. The County was carved out of what was then the northern portion of Dade County, comprising part of the areas now occupied by Okeechobee and Broward counties, part of Martin and all of Palm Beach county, initially including all of Lake Okeechobee. The southernmost part of Palm Beach County was separated to create the northern portion of Broward County in 1915, the northwestern portion became part of Okeechobee County 1917 and southern Martin County was created from northernmost Palm Beach County in 1925. About three-quarters of Lake Okeechobee was removed from Palm Beach County in 1963 and divided up among Glades, Hendry, Martin and Okeechobee counties.
The African American population provided significant labor for the building of the county, its hotels, houses and Flagler's railroad.
Palm Beach County was among the last school districts in the nation to integrate, in 1971.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,386.33 square miles (6,180.6 km2), of which 1,974.11 square miles (5,112.9 km2) (or 82.73%) is land (making it the second-largest Florida county by land area, after Collier County) and 412.22 square miles (1,067.6 km2) (or 17.27%) is water, much of it in the Atlantic Ocean and Lake Okeechobee.
Municipalities and census-designated places 
|#||Incorporated Community||Designation||Date incorporated||Population|
|2||Belle Glade||City||April 9, 1928||17,467|
|37||Boca Raton||City||May 1925||84,392|
|33||Briny Breezes||Town||March 19, 1963||601|
|7||Juno Beach||Town||June 4, 1953||3,176|
|6||Jupiter||Town||February 9, 1925||55,156|
|5||Jupiter Inlet Colony||Town||1959||400|
|20||Lake Clarke Shores||Town||1957||3,376|
|38||Loxahatchee Groves||Town||November 1, 2006||3,180|
|9||North Palm Beach||Village||1956||12,015|
|14||Palm Beach||Town||April 17, 1911||8,348|
|8||Palm Beach Gardens||City||1959||48,452|
|12||Palm Beach Shores||Town||1951||1,142|
|11||Riviera Beach||City||September 29, 1922||32,488|
|21||Royal Palm Beach||Village||June 18, 1959||34,140|
|26||South Palm Beach||Town||1955||1,171|
|22||Wellington||Village||December 31, 1995||56,508|
|15||West Palm Beach||City||November 5, 1894||99,919|
Unincorporated census-designated places 
- Belle Glade Camp(l)
- Boca Del Mar(c)
- Boca Pointe(a)
- Canal Point(bb)
- Century Village(u)
- Cypress Lakes(w)
- Dunes Road(cc)
- Fremd Village-Padgett Island(aa)
- Golden Lakes(r)
- Gun Club Estates(m)
- Hamptons at Boca Raton(e)
- High Point(i)
- Juno Ridge(z)
- Kings Point(g)
- Lake Belvedere Estates(o)
- Lake Harbor(p)
- Lake Worth Corridor(k)
- Lakeside Green(x)
- Limestone Creek(y)
- Mission Bay(d)
- Plantation Mobile Home Park(s)
- Royal Palm Estates(n)
- Sandalfoot Cove(b)
- Schall Circle(v)
- Seminole Manor(j)
- Stacey Street(q)
- Villages of Oriole(h)
- Westgate-Belvedere Homes(t)
- Whisper Walk(f)
Adjacent counties 
Palm Beach County borders Martin County to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, Broward County to the South, Hendry County to the West, and extends into Lake Okeechobee in the Northwest, where it borders Okeechobee County and Glades County at one point in the center of the lake.
Natural areas 
- Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, a 147,392 acres (59,647 ha) refuge in Boynton Beach
- DuPuis Management Area, a 21,875 acres (8,852 ha) area of protected lands.
- J.W. Corbett Wildlife Management Area, a 60,348 acres (24,422 ha) area of protected lands.
- Jupiter Ridge Natural Area, a 271 acres (110 ha) preserve in Jupiter, Florida.
- Juno Dunes Natural Area, a 576 acres (233 ha) preserve in Juno Beach.
- Frenchman's Forest Natural Area, a 158 acres (64 ha) preserve in Palm Beach Gardens
- Sweetbay Natural Area, a 1,094 acres (443 ha) preserve in Palm Beach Gardens.
- Royal Palm Beach Pines Natural Area, a 773 acres (313 ha) preserve in Royal Palm Beach.
- Hypoluxo Scrub Natural Area, a 97 acres (39 ha) preserve in Hypoluxo.
- Rosemary Scrub Natural Area, a 14 acres (5.7 ha) preserve in Boynton Beach.
- Seacrest Scrub Natural Area, a 54 acres (22 ha) preserve in Boynton Beach.
- Delray Oaks Natural Area a 25 acres (10 ha) prairie and xeric hammock preserve with a small strand swamp and areas of flatwoods in Delray Beach.
- Leon M. Weekes Environmental Preserve, a 12 acres (4.9 ha) preserve in Delray Beach.
2000 Census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,131,184 people, 474,175 households, and 303,946 families residing in the county. The population density was 573 people per square mile (221/km²). Approximately 41% of Palm Beach County's population resides in unincorporated areas within the county. There were 556,428 housing units at an average density of 282 per square mile (109/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.05% White (70.6% were Non-Hispanic White,) 13.80% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.51% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.98% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 12.44% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. In relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 10% were Italian, 9% German, 8% Irish, 8% American, 6% English, 4% Russian, and 4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 474,175 households out of which 24.90% reported children under the living in the household, 50.80% were married couples living together without children, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.90% were non-related individuals. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.
Age ranges found in the county were 21.30% under the age of 18, 6.60% aged 18 to 24, 27.00% aged 25 to 44, 22.00% aged 45 to 64, and 23.20% 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. Overall, the female to male ratio was 100:93. The female to male ratio for those over the was 100:91.
The median household income was $45,062, and the median income for a family was $53,701. Males had a median income of $36,931 versus $28,674 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,801. About 6.90% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, 78.36% of all residents spoke English as a primary language, while 11.89% spoke Spanish, 2.81% French Creole, 1.12% French, 0.76% Italian, 0.68% German, and 0.52% of the population spoke Yiddish. In total, 78.36% spoke English as a primary language, while 21.64% spoke languages other than English.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)|
Palm Beach County has trended towards the Democratic Party since the 1992 presidential election.
It was the center of a nationwide media storm in 2000, when it appeared to have impacted the presidential election that year between eventual winner George W. Bush and Al Gore. A major source of controversy was the butterfly ballot used in Palm Beach County, a confusing ballot design which caused many voters to mistakenly vote for Reform Party candidate Pat Buchanan instead of Al Gore. Buchanan had an unexpectedly strong showing in the county. In the end, Gore carried the county, but Bush captured the state by just 537 votes (out of nearly 5 million cast, a difference of .009%) after the recount was effectively halted by the US Supreme Court. (Bush vs. Gore)
|2012||58.21% 349,651||41.18% 247,398|
|2008||61.08% 361,271||38.22% 226,037|
|2004||60.35% 328,687||39.05% 212,688|
|2000||62.27% 269,754||35.31% 152,964|
|1996||58.06% 230,687||33.68% 133,811|
|1992||46.36% 187,869||34.63% 140,350|
|1988||44.07% 144,199||55.47% 181,495|
|1984||38.32% 116,091||61.67% 186,811|
|1980||36.37% 91,991||56.79% 143,639|
|1976||48.68% 96,705||49.45% 98,236|
|1972||27.18% 40,825||72.35% 108,670|
|1968||28.08% 32,837||53.19% 62,191|
|1964||46.91% 43,836||53.09% 49,614|
|1960||39.72% 29,871||60.28% 45,337|
Previously W. R. Grace and Company had its headquarters in unincorporated Palm Beach County, near Boca Raton. Prior to its closing, the Boca Raton headquarters had about 130 employees. On January 27, 2011 it announced it was closing the Boca headquarters and moving its administrative staff out of state along with some employees.
I-95 and Florida's Turnpike are controlled-access expressways that serve Palm Beach county. Southern Boulevard (signed FL 80/US 98), which runs east-west through central Palm Beach County, is a partial freeway from Interstate 95 in West Palm Beach to US 441/FL 7 in Wellington and Royal Palm Beach. In the late 1980s, there were plans to construct two additional expressways in Palm Beach County. One was to be an 11.5 miles (18.5 km) toll freeway from Royal Palm Beach to downtown West Palm Beach. It would have run between Belvedere Road and Okeechobee Boulevard; necessitating the destruction of several homes and churches along its path. The other proposed route was a northern extension of the Sawgrass Expressway which was to be called "University Parkway". The University Parkway would have snaked around suburban developments west of Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Boynton Beach; its path bordering the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge. Ultimately, both expressways were canceled due to opposition from county residents.
Major highways 
Range Line Road:
Other major highways:
- A1A (Ocean Boulevard)
- Route 807/County Road 807 (Congress Ave)
- Route 809/County Road 809 (Military Trail)
- Route 710 (Bee Line Hwy)
- Tri-Rail runs along eastern Palm Beach county, adjacent to Interstate 95 for most of its length. It has stops in Boca Raton, Delray Beach, Boynton Beach, Lake Worth, West Palm Beach, and Mangonia Park.
- Palm Beach International Airport
- Palm Beach County Park Airport
- North Palm Beach County General Aviation Airport
- Boca Raton Airport
Public transit 
- PalmTran provides bus service throughout Palm Beach county.
Primary and secondary schools 
All of Palm Beach County is served by the School District of Palm Beach County. As of 2006, it was the 4th largest school district in Florida and the 11th largest school district in the United States. As of August 2006, the district operated 164 schools, including 25 high schools, and, as of July 22, 2006 had an additional 33 charter schools, with seven more scheduled to open in August 2006. Newsweek listed three Palm Beach County high schools in the top 50 schools in the list 1200 Top U.S. Schools - Atlantic Community High School, Suncoast High School and the Alexander Dreyfoos School of the Arts, all public magnet schools. Private schools in the county include Cardinal Newman High School, Jupiter Christian School, The King's Academy, Oxbridge Academy, Pope John Paul II High School, St Andrew's School and Weinbaum Yeshiva High School.
Colleges and universities 
- Florida Atlantic University
- Lynn University
- Northwood University
- Nova Southeastern University
- Palm Beach Atlantic University
- Palm Beach State College
Public libraries 
The Jupiter Hammerheads are a Single-A affiliate of the Miami Marlins and the Palm Beach Cardinals are a Single High-A affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals. Both teams play their games at Roger Dean Stadium in Jupiter.
Prior to the construction of Roger Dean Stadium, the Montreal Expos and Atlanta Braves held their spring training at Municipal Stadium in West Palm Beach. The West Palm Beach Expos, a Single-A affiliate of the Montreal Expos, also played their games there.
Annual events of interest 
Places of interest 
- American Orchid Society Visitors Center and Botanical Garden
- Kravis Center for the Performing Arts
- Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse
- Lion Country Safari
- Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens, including the Roji-en Japanese Gardens
- Mounts Botanical Garden
- Norton Museum of Art
- Palm Beach Maritime Museum 
- Palm Beach County Library System
- Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
- South Florida Science Museum
- The Palm Beach Post
- WPEC-TV 12 News
- Palm Beach Daily News
- New Times Broward-Palm Beach - an alternative weekly
See also 
- "Florida Quick Facts". State of Florida.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
- Twenty most populous counties in America
- "Florida Fun Facts Q&A". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- Palm Beach County - County history - Accessed August 14, 2009
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "See "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place" for Florida". 2010 Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Demographics of Palm Beach County, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- "Palm Beach County, FL Detailed Profile". city-data.com. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
- "MLA Data Center Results for Palm Beach County, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
-  - URL retrieved November 7, 2012
- "Grace Announces Relocation To Columbia, Maryland." W. R. Grace and Company. Retrieved on June 29, 2011. "The restructuring will entail a relocation of approximately 40 people, including senior management, from Grace's Boca Raton, Florida office to its Columbia, Maryland site. A few positions will be relocated to another Grace office in Cambridge, Massachusetts." and "Following the relocation, Grace will close its headquarters office at 1750 Clint Moore Road in Boca Raton, which currently employs approximately 130 people."
- "Boca Raton city, Florida." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 29, 2011.
- to the Columbia, Maryland office. About 40 of the employees went to Columbia, and some employees went to Cambridge, Massachusetts
- "Glades Correctional Institution." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 26, 2011.
- "University Parkway Takes A Drubbing — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. 1993-09-28. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "Task Force Divided By Inter-county Road Proposal — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. 1993-09-14. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- March 17, 1986 (1986-03-17). "Detailed Road Study To Be Sought — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18. Text "By Fred Lowery, Transportation Writer " ignored (help)
- "Concerns Aired Over Road Plan Westgate Seeks Delay On Decision — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. 1986-10-16. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- March 6, 2005 (2005-03-06). "Toll Expressway Halted In The '80s — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18. Text "MIKE TURNBELL Transportation Writer " ignored (help)
- School District of Palm Beach County "Just the Facts" 2006-2007 - retrieved August 11, 2006 Archived September 23, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- The Complete List: 1,200 Top U.S. Schools - Newsweek America's Best High Schools - retrieved December 9, 2006 Archived December 5, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- PBC Library System
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Palm Beach County, Florida|
- Palm Beach County Government / Board of County Commissioners official website
- Palm Beach County Supervisor of Elections
- Palm Beach County Property Appraiser
- Palm Beach County Tax Collector
- Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office
- Clerk & Comptroller, Palm Beach County
Special districts 
Emergency services 
Judicial branch 
- Palm Beach County Public Defender
- Palm Beach County State Attorney's Office, 15th Judicial Circuit
- 15th Judicial Circuit of Florida
||Okeechobee County and Glades County||Martin County|
|Hendry County||Atlantic Ocean|