Palm Beach County, Florida

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Palm Beach County, Florida
Palm Beach Florida photo by D Ramey Logan.jpg
Palm Beach County
Flag of Palm Beach County, Florida
Flag
Seal of Palm Beach County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Palm Beach County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded April 30, 1909
Named for Palm Beach
Seat West Palm Beach
Largest city West Palm Beach
Area
 • Total 2,383 sq mi (6,172 km2)
 • Land 1,970 sq mi (5,102 km2)
 • Water 413 sq mi (1,070 km2), 17.3%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 1,372,171
 • Density 670/sq mi (259/km²)
Congressional districts 18th, 20th, 21st, 22nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.palm-beach.fl.us

Palm Beach County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,320,134,[1] making it the third-most populous county in Florida. The largest city and county seat is West Palm Beach.[2] Named after one of its oldest settlements, Palm Beach, the county was established in 1909, after being split from Miami-Dade County. The county's modern-day boundaries were established in 1963. Palm Beach County is included in the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Florida metropolitan area.

The area had been increasing in population since the late 19th century, with the incorporation of West Palm Beach in 1894 and after Henry Flagler extended the Florida East Coast Railway and built the Royal Poinciana Hotel, The Breakers, and Whitehall. In 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane struck West Palm Beach and caused thousands of deaths. Since then, a number of other tropical cyclones have impacted the area. More recently, the county acquired national attention during the 2000 presidential election, when a controversial recount occurred. As of 2004, Palm Beach County is Florida's wealthiest county, with a per capita personal income of $44,518.[3]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Approximately 12,000 years ago, Native Americans began migrating into Florida. The tribes settling in modern day Palm Beach County included the Ais', Calusas, Jaegas, Mayaimis, and Tequestas. An estimated 20,000 Native Americans lived in South Florida when the Spanish arrived. Their population diminished significantly by the 18th century, due to warfare, enslavement, and diseases from Europe.[4] In 1513, Juan Ponce de León, who led a European expedition to Florida earlier that year, became the first non-Native American to reach Palm Beach County, after landing in the modern day Jupiter area.[5] Among the first non-Native American residents were African Americans, many of whom were former slaves or immediate descendants of former slaves who had escaped to the State of Florida from slave plantations located in Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina. Runaway African slaves started coming to what was then Spanish Florida in the late 17th century and they found refuge among the Seminole Native Americans. During the Seminole Wars, these African-American slaves fought with the Seminoles against White settlers and bounty hunters.[6][7] Portions of the Second Seminole War occurred in Palm Beach County, including the Battle of Jupiter Inlet in 1838.[8]

The oldest surviving structure, the Jupiter Lighthouse, was built in 1860, after receiving authorization to the land from President Franklin Pierce in 1854. During the American Civil War, Confederate sympathizers including Augustus O. Lang and James Paine removed the lighting mechanism, dimming the lighthouse and assisting their blockade runners. After the Civil War ended, the Jupiter Lighthouse was re-lit in 1866.

Henry Flagler, who was instrumental in the county's development in the late 19th century and early 20th century, first visited in 1892, describing the area as a "veritable paradise." Flagler subsequently purchased land on both sides of Lake Worth. Other investors followed suit, causing a small boom and bringing in existing businesses or new ones were established. The Royal Poinciana Hotel, constructed by Flagler to accommodate wealthy tourists, opened for business in February 1894. About a month later, the Florida East Coast Railway, owned by Flagler, reached West Palm Beach. On November 5, 1894, Palm Beach County's oldest city, West Palm Beach, was incorporated. In 1896, another hotel built by Flagler was opened, the Palm Beach Inn, later renamed the The Breakers.[9] He also constructed his own winter home beginning in 1900; he and his wife moved in on February 6, 1902. Flagler died there on May 20, 1913, after falling down a flight of marble stairs.

Palm Beach County was created in 1909. It was named for its first settled community, Palm Beach. The County was carved out of what was then the northern portion of Dade County, comprising part of the areas now occupied by Okeechobee and Broward counties, part of Martin and all of Palm Beach county, initially including all of Lake Okeechobee. The southernmost part of Palm Beach County was separated to create the northern portion of Broward County in 1915, the northwestern portion became part of Okeechobee County 1917 and southern Martin County was created from northernmost Palm Beach County in 1925.[10]

1926-Present[edit]

A montage of images of impact by the Okeechobee hurricane

Early on September 17, 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane made landfall near West Palm Beach and crossed Lake Okeechobee shortly thereafter.[11] Storm surge left severe damage in the city of Palm Beach, and a death toll of 26.[12] In West Palm Beach, more than 1,711 homes were destroyed.[13] Further inland, wind-driven storm surge in Lake Okeechobee inundated adjacent communities, particularly Belle Glade, Pahokee, and South Bay. Hundreds of square miles were flooded, including some areas with up to 20 feet (6.1 m) of water. Numerous houses were swept away and damaged after crashing into other obstacles.[14] Flood waters did not completely subside for several weeks. At least 2,500 deaths occurred, many of whom were black migrant farmers. Damage in South Florida totaled approximately $25 million (1928 USD). In response to the storm, the Herbert Hoover Dike was constructed to prevent a similar disaster.[15]

Lake Okeechobee had previously overflowed in 1926 during the Miami hurricane, though flooding was primarily in Moore Haven in Glades County.[16] As a result of both the Okeechobee and Miami hurricanes, Palm Beach County, along with the rest of South Florida, began suffering economic turmoil and pushed the region into the Great Depression, even before the Wall Street Crash of 1929. Housing prices dropped dramatically in the county, as well as in the rest of the country.[17]

The Palm Beach International Airport, then known as Morrison's Field, opened in 1936. After the United States entered World War II, it was converted to an Air Force Base in 1942.[18] During the war, thousands of servicemen arrived in Palm Beach County for training and supporting the war effort.[19] Following the conclusion of World War II, a number of veterans returned to the area for work, vacation, or retirement.[19] The base was closed and became a commercial airport again in 1962.[18] Migration to the county by workers, tourists, and retirees continued into the 21st century.[20]

Early on August 28, 1949, a Category 4 hurricane struck West Palm Beach with maximum sustained winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). Sand and debris swept across roads in Palm Beach. Strong winds shattered windows at a car dealership in West Palm Beach and toppled two radio towers, one in Belle Glade and the other in Lake Worth. At the Palm Beach Air Force Base, the storm left at least $1 million (1949 USD) in damage.

A growth in population occurred, exceeding 100,000 during the 1950 United States Census, approximately 114,688 people, and nearly double that by a decade later.

The area's first television station, WIRK-TV Channel 21, signed on September 13, 1953. It went off the air less than three years later. However, NBC affiliate WPTV-TV and CBS affiliate WPEC first aired in 1954 and 1955, respectively – both of which are still in existence today.[21]

About three-quarters of Lake Okeechobee was removed from Palm Beach County in 1963 and divided up among Glades, Hendry, Martin and Okeechobee counties. This was the final change to the county's boundaries.[10]

Hurricane David struck near West Palm Beach late on September 3, 1979, with sustained winds of 100 mph (155 km/h); this was the most recent hurricane landfall in Palm Beach County. The storm's winds shattered windows in stores near the coast and caused property damage, including blowing the frame off the Palm Beach Jai Alai and downing the 186-foot (57-m) WJNO AM radio tower in West Palm Beach into the Intracoastal Waterway. A few roofs were torn off, and numerous buildings were flooded from over 6 inches (150 mm) of rainfall. Damage in the county reached $30 million (1979 USD), most of which was incurred to agriculture.

By 2000, the population of Palm Beach County exceeded 1 million.

The county was the center of controversy during the presidential election. The "butterfly ballot" led to an unexpectedly large number of votes for Reform Party candidate Pat Buchanan, rather than for Democrat Al Gore or Republican George W. Bush. Due to the voting tally in Palm Beach County, Bush won the electoral votes for the state of Florida by a margin of 537 out of 5.8 million votes. This victory in turn, gave him the victory in the national election.

Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, it was revealed that some of the terrorists trained in Palm Beach County, including Ahmed al-Haznawi,[22] Marwan al-Shehhi, Mohamed Atta,[23] and Ziad Jarrah.[22] Later that month, during the anthrax attacks, a letter containing spores of this substance was mailed to the American Media, Inc. building in Boca Raton. Three people were exposed to the anthrax, one of whom later died.[24]

Geography[edit]

View of Lake Okeechobee from Pahokee.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,383 square miles (6,170 km2), of which 1,970 square miles (5,100 km2) is land and 413 square miles (1,070 km2) (17.3%) is water.[25] It is the second-largest county in Florida by land area and third-largest by total area. Much of the water is the Atlantic Ocean and Lake Okeechobee. The county has approximately 526,000 acres (213,000 ha) of farmland.

The boundaries of area code 561 exactly match the county's with 761 reserved for future use. Originally, it was part of area code 305, and later area code 407.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Palm Beach County borders Martin County to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Broward County to the south, Hendry County to the west, and extends into Lake Okeechobee in the northwest, where it borders Okeechobee County and Glades County at one point in the center of the lake.

Natural areas[edit]

In addition the county has many coral reef patches along its coastline. The county has put in a lot of effort to preserve the reefs.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 5,577
1920 18,654 234.5%
1930 51,781 177.6%
1940 79,989 54.5%
1950 114,688 43.4%
1960 228,106 98.9%
1970 348,753 52.9%
1980 576,863 65.4%
1990 863,518 49.7%
2000 1,131,184 31.0%
2010 1,320,134 16.7%
Est. 2013 1,372,171 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[26]
1790-1960[27] 1900-1990[28]
1990-2000[29] 2010-2013[1]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,356,545 people, 474,175 households, and 303,946 families residing in the county. The population density was 573 people per square mile (221/km²). Approximately 41% of Palm Beach County's population resides in unincorporated areas within the county. There were 556,428 housing units at an average density of 282 per square mile (109/km²). In relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 10% were Italian, 9% German, 8% Irish, 8% American, 6% English, 4% Russian, and 4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.[30]

U.S. Census Bureau 2012 Ethnic/Race Demographics:[31]

As of 2010, 23% of Palm-Beach residents were foreign born (including naturalized American citizens.) Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Cuban exiled refugees coming in second, Mexicans in third, followed by Colombians in fourth place, then Jamaicans, Guatemalans, Canadians, Hondurans, ninth being Peruvians, and Brazilians being the tenth highest group of expatriates. British people, Germans, and Polish people, which had held spots in Palm Beach's top 10 immigrant list of 2000, dropped off the 2010 list, which contained no European countries.[32]

There were 474,175 households out of which 24.90% reported children living in the household, 50.80% were married couples living together without children, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.90% were non-related individuals. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89.

Age ranges found in the county were 21.30% under the age of 18, 6.60% aged 18 to 24, 27.00% aged 25 to 44, 22.00% aged 45 to 64, and 23.20% 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. Overall, the female to male ratio was 100:93. The female to male ratio for those over the was 100:91.

The median household income was $45,062, and the median income for a family was $53,701. Males had a median income of $36,931 versus $28,674 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,801. About 6.90% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Languages[edit]

As of 2010, 73.13% of all residents spoke English as a primary language, while 15.69% spoke Spanish, 4.03% French Creole (mainly Haitian Creole,) 1.06% French, 0.94% Portuguese, and 0.54% of the population spoke Italian. In total, 26.87% spoke languages other than English as their mother language.[33]

Politics[edit]

Palm Beach County has voted for the Democratic Party since the 1992 presidential election.[citation needed]

It was the center of a nationwide media storm in 2000, when it appeared to have impacted the presidential election that year between eventual winner George W. Bush and Al Gore. A major source of controversy was the butterfly ballot used in Palm Beach County, a confusing ballot design which caused many voters to mistakenly vote for Reform Party candidate Pat Buchanan instead of Al Gore. Buchanan had an unexpectedly strong showing in the county.[34] In the end, Gore carried the county, but Bush captured the state by just 537 votes (out of nearly 5 million cast, a difference of .009%) after the recount was effectively halted by the US Supreme Court. (Bush vs. Gore)[citation needed]

Presidential Election Results 1960-2012[35]
Year Democratic Republican
2012 58.21% 349,651 41.18% 247,398
2008 61.08% 361,271 38.22% 226,037
2004 60.35% 328,687 39.05% 212,688
2000 62.27% 269,754 35.31% 152,964
1996 58.06% 230,687 33.68% 133,811
1992 46.36% 187,869 34.63% 140,350
1988 44.07% 144,199 55.47% 181,495
1984 38.32% 116,091 61.67% 186,811
1980 36.37% 91,991 56.79% 143,639
1976 48.68% 96,705 49.45% 98,236
1972 27.18% 40,825 72.35% 108,670
1968 28.08% 32,837 53.19% 62,191
1964 46.91% 43,836 53.09% 49,614
1960 39.72% 29,871 60.28% 45,337

Economy[edit]

Previously W. R. Grace and Company had its headquarters in unincorporated Palm Beach County, near Boca Raton.[36] Prior to its closing, the Boca Raton headquarters had about 130 employees. On January 27, 2011 it announced it was closing the Boca headquarters and moving its administrative staff out of state along with some employees.[36][37]

A number of shopping malls exist throughout Palm Beach County, including the Boynton Beach Mall, the The Gardens Mall, Town Center at Boca Raton, CityPlace, and Mizner Park.[38] Formerly, the Palm Beach and Cross County Malls operated in the county, though they closed in 1997 and 2010, respectively.

Government[edit]

The Florida Department of Corrections operates the Glades Correctional Institution in an unincorporated area in Palm Beach County near Belle Glade.[39]

Transportation[edit]

Expressways[edit]

I-95 and Florida's Turnpike are controlled-access expressways that serve Palm Beach county. Southern Boulevard (signed SR 80/US 98), which runs east-west through central Palm Beach County, is a partial freeway from Interstate 95 in West Palm Beach to US 441/SR 7 in Wellington and Royal Palm Beach. In the late 1980s, there were plans to construct two additional expressways in Palm Beach County. One was to be an 11.5 miles (18.5 km) toll freeway from Royal Palm Beach to downtown West Palm Beach. It would have run between Belvedere Road and Okeechobee Boulevard; necessitating the destruction of several homes and churches along its path. The other proposed route was a northern extension of the Sawgrass Expressway which was to be called "University Parkway". The University Parkway would have snaked around suburban developments west of Boca Raton, Delray Beach, and Boynton Beach; its path bordering the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge.[40][41] Ultimately, both expressways were canceled due to opposition from county residents.[42][43][44]

Major highways[edit]

Federal Highway:

Range Line Road:

Southern Boulevard:

Other major highways:

Railroads[edit]

Airports[edit]

Public transit[edit]

  • PalmTran provides bus service throughout Palm Beach county.

Seaport[edit]

The Port of Palm Beach is located in Riviera Beach, where Celebration Cruise Line operates 2-day cruises to the Bahamas.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

All of Palm Beach County is served by the School District of Palm Beach County. As of 2006, it was the 4th largest school district in Florida and the 11th largest school district in the United States. As of August 2006, the district operated 164 schools, including 25 high schools, and, as of July 22, 2006 had an additional 33 charter schools, with seven more scheduled to open in August 2006.[45] Newsweek listed three Palm Beach County high schools in the top 50 schools in the list 1200 Top U.S. Schools - Atlantic Community High School, Suncoast High School and the Alexander Dreyfoos School of the Arts, all public magnet schools.[46] Private schools in the county include Cardinal Newman High School, Jupiter Christian School, The King's Academy, Oxbridge Academy, Pope John Paul II High School, St Andrew's School and Weinbaum Yeshiva High School.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

Palm Beach County Library System operates public libraries, the main one being the West Palm Beach Public Library.

Sports[edit]

The Palm Beach Imperials are an American Basketball Association 2006 expansion franchise.

The Jupiter Hammerheads are a Single-A affiliate of the Miami Marlins, and the Palm Beach Cardinals are a Single High-A affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals. Both teams play their games at Roger Dean Stadium in Jupiter. The St. Louis Cardinals and Miami Marlins conduct their spring training at Roger Dean Stadium in Jupiter.

Prior to the construction of Roger Dean Stadium, the Montreal Expos and Atlanta Braves held their spring training at Municipal Stadium in West Palm Beach. The West Palm Beach Expos, a Single-A affiliate of the Montreal Expos, also played their games there.

Also popular are the Florida Atlantic Owls, an NCAA Division I school that participates in Conference USA. The FAU football team play at FAU Stadium, and averaged 14,552 fans during the 2013 season.[47] The FAU basketball team plays at FAU Arena, and averaged 1,346 fans during the 2013–14 season.[48]

Annual events of interest[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Media[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of incorporated cities.
Southeastern Palm Beach County (from Boca Raton to Boynton Beach), seen from the International Space Station

The largest city and county seat is West Palm Beach, with an estimated population of over 105,000. Additionally, the approximate urban population is 250,000, when including adjacent unincorporated neighborhoods. Boca Raton (South County), is the second largest, having a population approaching 90,000. Boynton Beach (South County), is the third largest city, with a population nearing 70,000 residents.[51]

The county has 38 municipalities in total. The municipalities are numbered corresponding to the attached image. Municipality populations are based on the 2010 Census.[52]

# Incorporated Community Designation Date incorporated Population
24 Atlantis City 1959 2,005
2 Belle Glade City April 9, 1928 17,467
37 Boca Raton City May 1925 84,392
30 Boynton Beach City 1920 68,217
33 Briny Breezes Town March 19, 1963 601
18 Cloud Lake Town 1947 135
35 Delray Beach City 1911 60,522
17 Glen Ridge Town 1948 219
32 Golf Village 1957 252
23 Greenacres City 1926 37,573
34 Gulf Stream Town 1925 786
16 Haverhill Town 1950 1,873
36 Highland Beach Town 1949 3,539
29 Hypoluxo Town 1955 2,588
7 Juno Beach Town June 4, 1953 3,176
6 Jupiter Town February 9, 1925 55,156
5 Jupiter Inlet Colony Town 1959 400
20 Lake Clarke Shores Town 1957 3,376
10 Lake Park Town 1923 8,155
25 Lake Worth City 1913 34,910
27 Lantana Town 1921 10,423
38 Loxahatchee Groves Town November 1, 2006 3,180
28 Manalapan Town 1931 406
13 Mangonia Park Town 1947 1,888
9 North Palm Beach Village 1956 12,015
31 Ocean Ridge Town 1931 1,786
1 Pahokee City 1922 5,649
14 Palm Beach Town April 17, 1911 8,348
8 Palm Beach Gardens City 1959 48,452
12 Palm Beach Shores Town 1951 1,142
19 Palm Springs Village 1957 18,928
11 Riviera Beach City September 29, 1922 32,488
21 Royal Palm Beach Village June 18, 1959 34,140
3 South Bay City 1941 4,876
26 South Palm Beach Town 1955 1,171
4 Tequesta Village 1957 5,629
22 Wellington Village December 31, 1995 56,508
15 West Palm Beach City November 5, 1894 99,919

Census-designated places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Florida Fun Facts Q&A". The Palm Beach Post. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  4. ^ Native Americans (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. 2009. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/native-americans. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  5. ^ 10000 yrs - A.D. 1700 (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. 2009. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/timeline-10000-yrs-ad-1700. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  6. ^ Kevin M. McCarthy (January 1, 2007). "Broward County". African American Sites in Florida. Pineapple Press. p. 23. ISBN 1561643858. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ Florida Historical Markers Programs - Marker: Palm Beach (Report). Florida Department of State. http://www.flheritage.com/preservation/markers/markers.cfm?ID=palm%20beach. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  8. ^ The 2nd Seminole War in Palm Beach County (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. 2009. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/the-seminole-war-in-palm-beach-county. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  9. ^ Flagler Era (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. 2009. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/flagler-era. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  10. ^ a b Palm Beach County - County history - Accessed August 14, 2009
  11. ^ National Hurricane Center; Hurricane Research Division (April 1, 2014). "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ Mitchell, Charles (September 1928). "The West Indian Hurricane of September 10–20, 1928" (PDF). Monthly Weather Review: 347–350. Bibcode:1928MWRv...56..347M. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1928)56<347:TWIHOS>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ Jay Barnes (2007). Florida's Hurricane History. University of North Carolina Press. p. 129. ISBN 0807830682. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  14. ^ Jeff Klinkenberg (July 12, 1992). "A storm of memories". St. Petersburg Times. 
  15. ^ "Memorial Web Page for the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane". National Weather Service Miami, Florida (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). June 29, 2009. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/mfl/?n=okeechobee. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  16. ^ "Memorial Web Page for the 1926 Great Miami Hurricane". National Weather Service Miami, Florida (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). January 8, 2009. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/mfl/?n=miamihurricane1926. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  17. ^ The Bust (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. 2009. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/the-bust. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  18. ^ a b Palm Beach International Airport Information (Report). Airport Hotel Guide. http://www.airporthotelguide.com/west-palm-beach/airportinfo.html. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  19. ^ a b World War II (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. 2009. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/world-war-ii. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  20. ^ Lynn Lasseter Drake and Richard A. Marconi (2006). West Palm Beach: 1893 to 1950. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 0-7385-4272-5. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  21. ^ 1950-1959 (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. 2009. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/timeline-1950-1959. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  22. ^ a b Don Van Natta Jr. and Kate Zernike (November 4, 2001). "Hijackers' Meticulous Strategy of Brains, Muscle and Practice". The New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  23. ^ Frank Cerabino (September 13, 2011). "Encounters with 9/11 hijackers still haunt Palm Beach County residents". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved February 19, 2014. 
  24. ^ 2000-2010 (Report). Historical Society of Palm Beach County. http://www.pbchistoryonline.org/page/the-bust. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  25. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  26. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Palm Beach County, FL Detailed Profile". city-data.com. Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  31. ^ 2012 Palm Beach County Demographics
  32. ^ "Palm Beach's foreign-born population soars". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  33. ^ "MLA Data Center Results for Palm Beach County, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  34. ^ http://ucdata.berkeley.edu/pubs/MapBuchanan.PDF
  35. ^ [1] - URL retrieved November 7, 2012
  36. ^ a b "Grace Announces Relocation To Columbia, Maryland." W. R. Grace and Company. Retrieved on June 29, 2011. "The restructuring will entail a relocation of approximately 40 people, including senior management, from Grace's Boca Raton, Florida office to its Columbia, Maryland site. A few positions will be relocated to another Grace office in Cambridge, Massachusetts." and "Following the relocation, Grace will close its headquarters office at 1750 Clint Moore Road in Boca Raton, which currently employs approximately 130 people."
  37. ^ to the Columbia, Maryland office. About 40 of the employees went to Columbia, and some employees went to Cambridge, Massachusetts
  38. ^ Shopping & Malls in Palm Beach County, Florida (Report). PalmBeachCounty.com. http://www.palmbeachcounty.com/directory/Shopping_Centers_,038_Malls/Shopping_,038_Malls/. Retrieved 2013-11-08.
  39. ^ "Glades Correctional Institution." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 26, 2011.
  40. ^ "University Parkway Takes A Drubbing — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. 1993-09-28. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  41. ^ "Task Force Divided By Inter-county Road Proposal — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. 1993-09-14. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  42. ^ Fred Lowery (1986-03-17). "Detailed Road Study To Be Sought — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  43. ^ "Concerns Aired Over Road Plan Westgate Seeks Delay On Decision — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. 1986-10-16. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  44. ^ MIKE TURNBELL (2005-03-06). "Toll Expressway Halted In The '80s — Sun Sentinel". Articles.sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  45. ^ School District of Palm Beach County "Just the Facts" 2006-2007 - retrieved August 11, 2006 Archived September 23, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ The Complete List: 1,200 Top U.S. Schools - Newsweek America's Best High Schools - retrieved December 9, 2006 Archived December 5, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  47. ^ 2013 NATIONAL COLLEGE FOOTBALL ATTENDANCE. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
  48. ^ 2014 NCAA MEN’S BASKETBALL ATTENDANCE. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
  49. ^ http://www.pbmm.org
  50. ^ PBC Library System
  51. ^ Twenty most populous counties in America
  52. ^ "See "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place" for Florida". 2010 Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 

External links[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Emergency services[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Tourism links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°43′N 80°03′W / 26.71°N 80.05°W / 26.71; -80.05