Palm Beach International Airport

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Palm Beach International Airport
Palmbeachairportlogo.jpg
Palm Beach International Airport photo D Ramey Logan.jpg

IATA: PBIICAO: KPBIFAA LID: PBI
WMO: 72203

PBI is located in Florida
PBI
PBI
Location in Florida
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Palm Beach County
Operator Palm Beach County Department of Airports
Serves Greater Miami
Elevation AMSL 19 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 26°40′59″N 80°05′44″W / 26.68306°N 80.09556°W / 26.68306; -80.09556
Website www.pbia.org
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10L/28R 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
10R/28L 3,214 980 Asphalt
14/32 6,931 2,113 Asphalt
Statistics (2009, 2010)
Aircraft operations (2009) 153,056
Based aircraft (2009) 126
Passengers (2012) 5,609,168

Palm Beach International Airport (IATA: PBIICAO: KPBIFAA LID: PBI) is a public airport three miles west of Palm Beach, Florida, in West Palm Beach, Florida, and serves Greater Miami. The airport is operated by Palm Beach County Department of Airports. Road access to the airport is direct from I-95, Southern Boulevard, and Congress Avenue. The airport is bordered on the west by Military Trail.

History[edit]

For the military use of the Airport, see Palm Beach Air Force Base

Palm Beach International Airport (KPBI) began operations in 1936 as Morrison Field. Morrison Field was named in honor of Miss Grace K. Morrison, a key participant in the planning and organization of the airfield. The first flight departing the field was a New York bound Eastern Air Lines DC-2 in 1936. The airport was dedicated on December 19, 1936.

In 1937 the airport expanded beyond an airstrip and an administration building when the Palm Beach Aero Corporation obtained a lease, built hangars and the first terminal on the south side of the airport. The new terminal was known as the Eastern Air Lines Terminal. The field was used by the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor Morrison Field was used for training and later as a staging base for the Allied invasion of France, with numerous aircraft departing Morrison en route to the United Kingdom to take part in the D-Day invasion of Normandy.

In 1947 the newly established U.S. Air Force moved to Brookley Field, later Brookley AFB, in Mobile, Alabama and service by Eastern Airlines and National Airlines resumed from Morrison Field. The name changed to Palm Beach International Airport on August 11, 1948. In September 1950 runway 5 was 6030 ft long, 9 was 7010 ft and 13 was 6930 ft.

The airport was again used by the U.S. Air Force in 1951 and renamed Palm Beach Air Force Base,[2] under the control of the Military Air Transport Service (MATS). USAF operations occupied the north half of the airfield while civil operations and the airline terminal used the south half. MATS used the base for training with the host unit being the 1707th Air Transport Wing (Heavy), and its 1740th Heavy Transport Training Unit. The 1707 ATW was known as the "University of MATS", becoming the primary USAF training unit for all Air Force personnel supporting and flying heavy transport aircraft. These included C-124 Globemaster II, C-118 Liftmaster, C-97 Stratofreighter, and C-54 Skymaster maintenance training along with aircrew and transition pilot training. Nearly 23,000 airmen trained at Palm Beach AFB during the 1950s and 1960s.

The Air Weather Service used Palm Beach AFB as headquarters for hurricane research, flying the first WB-50D Superfortress "Hurricane Hunter" aircraft from the base in 1956.

After several years of Palm Beach County fighting the Air Force presence in West Palm Beach, the Air Force started to close down operations there. The 1707 ATW was inactivated on June 30, 1959 and reassigned to Tinker AFB, Oklahoma. With the wing's departure, Palm Beach County took over airfield operations. The Air Force retained a small presence at the base with the 9th Weather Group becoming the main operational unit at Palm Beach AFB, performing hurricane and weather research for the Air Weather Service. The Air Photographic and Charting Service (APCS) moved its 1370th Photo-Mapping Wing to the base, performing geodetic survey flights. During the early 1960s Palm Beach AFB was used by Air Force One, with President John F. Kennedy landing at the base when staying at the Kennedy home in Palm Beach. The Air Force finally closed Palm Beach AFB in 1962 and all property was conveyed to Palm Beach International Airport the same year.[2]

Delta Air Lines began scheduled flights in 1959 and Capital Airlines in 1960. The first turbine-powered flights were Eastern Airlines Lockheed L-188 Electras in 1959, and Eastern DC-8 nonstops to Idlewild started in December 1960.

In October 1966 an eight-gate Main Terminal opened on the northeast side of the airport; in 1974 Delta Air Lines moved into its own six-gate terminal with the airport's first jetways. The FAA built a new Air Traffic Control Tower on the south side of the airport in this period.

On October 23, 1988 the 25-gate David McCampbell Terminal, named for World War II naval flying ace, Medal of Honor recipient and Palm Beach County resident CAPT David McCampbell, USN (Ret) was dedicated. The 550,000-square-foot (51,000 m2), Greiner-designed terminal was designed with expansion in mind and can be doubled in size when required.[3]

In 2003 the terminal was voted among the finest in the nation by readers of Conde Nast Traveler Magazine. In that year a new landscaped I-95 interchange was built to decrease traffic on Southern Boulevard (US 98) extending Turnage Boulevard (the road around the perimeter of the concourse).

Competition from rapidly expanding Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport cut growth at the airport in the 1990s. The 2001 recession and the September 11 terrorist attacks further inhibited growth, but development in South Florida since 2002 has finally led to a surge of passenger traffic at the airport. In addition, discount carriers such as JetBlue and Southwest Airlines began service to PBI. In 2006 the county embarked on an interim expansion program by breaking ground on a 7-story parking garage and the addition of 3 gates in Concourse C. Long range expansions include gates at Concourse B and the eventual construction of a new 14 gate Concourse D to be extended east from the present terminal.[citation needed]

A panorama of Palm Beach International Airport from what was the 391st Bomb Group Restaurant off of Southern Boulevard.

Facilities[edit]

Palm Beach International Airport covers 2,120 acres (858 ha) and has three runways:[1]

  • 10L-28R: 10,000 x 150 ft. (3,048 x 46 m) Asphalt
  • 10R-28L: 3,214 x 75 ft. (980 x 23 m) Asphalt
  • 14–32: 6,931 x 150 ft. (2,113 x 46 m) Asphalt

On December 17, 2009 the runway designations were changed, the former runway designations were:[4] 9L-27R, 9R-27L and 13–31.

Control tower[edit]

A new 240-foot (73 m) Airport Traffic Control tower is active on the north side of the airport (west of concourse A, off Belvedere Rd.) along with a single-story, 9,000-square-foot (840 m2) ATBM Base Building.[5] The current tower lies on the southern side of the airport.

Helicopters[edit]

  • Helicopter operations typically use 10R/28L or its parallel taxiways, or make a direct approach to either Customs or the Galaxy Aviation ramp.
  • Palm Beach County Sheriffs Office (PBSO) maintains its air division from a hangar at the southwest corner of the airport.

Other hangars[edit]

Fire protection and emergency medical services[edit]

The Palm Beach County Fire Rescue Aviation Battalion is located between runways at PBI. The station which is located near the center of the airport grounds, is home to 13 pieces of specialized fire fighting equipment.[6]

These apparatus include:

Trauma Hawk[edit]

Trauma Hawk 1 at its hangar at Palm Beach International Airport.

The Trauma Hawk Station, which is located at the south west corner of the airport, Palm Beach County Fire Rescue has two Sikorsky S-76C helos.[11] The department partners with the Palm Beach County Health Care District to operate the Trauma Hawk Aero-Medical Program.[12] The Trauma Hawk program, which was established in November 1990, replaced the use of Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office helicopters to medevac critically injured patients to area hospitals.[12] air ambulances are identically equipped and can carry two patients each and up to four medical attendants if needed.[11] Each helicopter is staffed with a pilot, a registered nurse (RN) and a paramedic. The nurses and paramedics are Palm Beach County Fire Rescue employees while the pilots are Health Care District employees.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Destinations with direct service from PBI
Airlines Destinations Concourse
Air Canada Seasonal: Montreal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson C
Allegiant Air Asheville B
American Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth
Seasonal: New York–LaGuardia
B
Bahamasair Marsh Harbour, Nassau A
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, New York–LaGuardia, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston
C
Frontier Airlines Seasonal: Trenton, Washington Dulles C
JetBlue Airways Boston, Hartford, Newark, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, White Plains, Washington–National C
Silver Airways Freeport, Marsh Harbour, North Eleuthera, Orlando, Tampa A
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Long Island/Islip, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Chicago Midway, Hartford, Pittsburgh, Providence
B
Spirit Airlines Seasonal: Atlantic City, Boston C
United Airlines Newark, Houston–Intercontinental
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare
B
United Express Houston–Intercontinental, Newark B
US Airways
operated by American Airlines
Charlotte, Philadelphia, Washington–National B
US Airways Express Washington–National B

Statistics[edit]

Top ten busiest domestic routes out of PBI
(Jan 2014 - Dec 2014)[13]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, GA 622,000 Delta, Southwest
2 New York-LaGuardia, NY 330,000 American, Delta, JetBlue
3 Newark, NJ 318,000 JetBlue, United
4 Charlotte, NC 206,000 US Airways
5 New York-JFK, NY 200,000 Delta, JetBlue
6 Boston, MA 164,000 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
7 Philadelphia, PA 136,000 Southwest, US Airways
8 Baltimore, MD 128,000 Southwest
9 Dallas/Fort Worth, TX 111,000 American
10 White Plains, NY 106,000 JetBlue
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at Palm Beach International Airport, 1989 thru 2014[14]
Year Passengers
2014 5,886,384
2013 5,691,747
2012 5,609,168
2011 5,769,583
2010 5,887,723
2009 5,994,606
2008 6,476,303
2007 6,936,449
2006 6,824,789
2005 7,014,237
2004 6,537,263
2003 6,014,186
2002 5,483,662
2001 5,939,404
2000 5,842,594
1999 5,742,634
1998 5,899,482
1997 5,813,361
1996 5,680,913
1995 5,418,831
1994 5,588,434
1993 5,074,132
1992 5,023,693
1991 5,077,573
1990 5,691,410
1989 5,115,700

Public transportation[edit]

Palm Tran buses No. 40 and No. 44 serve the airport. Both provide connections to the West Palm Beach Tri-Rail/Amtrak/Greyhound station.

Controversies[edit]

In conjunction with the slated construction of a new ATC tower at PBIA, the FAA intended to transfer all of PBIA's air traffic controllers whose assigned sector is between 5 and 40 miles (60 km) from the airport to a remote facility at Miami International Airport. Ground traffic controllers, and approach controllers whose sector is within 5 miles (8 km) of the runway would have remained at PBIA. The FAA cited the move as a cost-cutting measure, but critics say that it creates a risk to South Florida air traffic if the Miami facility is damaged in a hurricane, or terrorist attack. The National Air Traffic Controllers Association opposed the move. The remote facility at Miami International Airport currently houses air traffic controllers for both Miami and Fort Lauderdale international airports.

Donald Trump sued to block the expansion of one of the runways at PBIA in 2010.[15] In 2015 he initiated a lawsuit over the flight path that passes over his Mar-A-Lago estate.[16]

Incidents involving PBI[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for PBI (Form 5010 PDF), effective December 17, 2009
  2. ^ a b Palm Beach Air Force Base
  3. ^ Kane, Gary (January 31, 1986). "Builders Fear Airport Costs May Go Sky High". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  4. ^ "FAASTeam Notice – NOTC2052: Palm Beach International Airport (PBI) Runway Designation Change, effective December 17, 2009". Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved December 16, 2009. 
  5. ^ http://www.pcl.com/projects/Active/6101066/index.aspx
  6. ^ "Station 81". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "Air Stair 1". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "Dragon 1". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Foam 81". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "Support 81". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Station Trauma Hawk". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c "Trauma Hawk". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?pn=1&Airport=PBI&Airport_Name=West%20Palm%20Beach/Palm%20Beach,%20FL:%20Palm%20Beach%20International&carrier=FACTS
  14. ^ Passenger Statistics Reports Retrieved on March 6, 2015.
  15. ^ Playford, Adam. Trump sues to prevent runway expansion, The Palm Beach Post, palmbeachpost.com, July 19, 2010
  16. ^ Matt Sedensky (January 13, 2015). "Trump sues for $100M, says air traffic targets him". USA Today. Retrieved February 23, 2015. 
  17. ^ http://www.floridatoday.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080131/BREAKINGNEWS/80131001/1086
  18. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080222/ap_on_re_us/diverted_flight
  19. ^ http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/aviation-school-official-if-you-do-it-long-1042375.html
  20. ^ http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/palm-beach/fl-palm-plane-crash-folo-20101112,0,110423.story
  21. ^ http://www.wptv.com/news/region-c-palm-beach-county/west-palm-beach/spirit-airlines-airbus-flight-946-forced-to-make-an-emergency-landing-at-palm-beach-international "Spirit Airlines emergency landing at Palm Beach International Airport"
  22. ^ http://www.wptv.com/news/region-c-palm-beach-county/west-palm-beach/delta-flight-2014-from-atlanta-to-west-palm-beach-lands-safely-after-declaring-emergency "Delta Flight 2014 from Atlanta to West Palm Beach lands safely after declaring emergency"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°41′00″N 80°05′44″W / 26.6832°N 80.0956°W / 26.6832; -80.0956