Palm Coast, Florida

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Palm Coast
City
Palm Coast, Florida
Princess Place Preserve
Princess Place Preserve
Location in Flagler County and the state of Florida
Location in Flagler County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 29°32′17″N 81°13′24″W / 29.53806°N 81.22333°W / 29.53806; -81.22333Coordinates: 29°32′17″N 81°13′24″W / 29.53806°N 81.22333°W / 29.53806; -81.22333
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Flagler
Developed 1969
Incorporated (city) 31 December 1999
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Jon Netts
 • City Manager Jim Landon
Area[1]
 • City 51.70 sq mi (133.9 km2)
 • Land 50.72 sq mi (131.4 km2)
 • Water .98 sq mi (2.5 km2)
Elevation[2] 3 ft (1 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City 75,180
 • Estimate (2013)[4] 78,740
 • Density 836.5/sq mi (249.2/km2)
 • Metro 99,956
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 32135, 32137, 32142, 32164
Area code(s) 386
FIPS code 12-54200[5]
GNIS feature ID 0295049[6]
Website City of Palm Coast

Palm Coast is a city in Flagler County, Florida, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 75,180, reflecting a drastic increase of 42,448 from the 32,832 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 19,445 from the 14,287 counted in the 1990 census, making it the most populous city or town in Flagler County. Palm Coast is the principal city of the Palm Coast, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, designated in 2007.

History[edit]

Developed by ITT Community Development Corporation (Levitt) in 1969, the original development plan encompasses 48,000 home sites on approximately 42,000 acres (17,000 ha) of the 68,000 acres (28,000 ha) owned by ITT. Paved street and central water and sewer serve all lots developed within the plan. An extensive water management system was designed to replenish the area's water table, which includes 46 miles (74 km) of freshwater canals and 23 miles (37 km) of saltwater canals.

In 1975, the Flagler County Board of County Commissioners established Palm Coast Service District, which included almost 40,000 acres (16,000 ha). Funds for the district were derived primarily from ad valorem taxes and were used to provide fire services, fire hydrants, street lighting, animal control and emergency services.

Florida had its first serious "wildland urban interface" fire in 1985 with the Palm Coast Fire, which burned 131 homes. Research on this fire indicated that the most important factor was the proximity of heavy ground vegetation to the structure. Thirteen years later, fires struck the same Palm Coast subdivision. The 1998 fires were national news because the whole county was ordered to evacuate, and 45,000 people were displaced. Fire suppression organizations responded from 44 states, and Florida hosted the largest aerial suppression operation ever conducted in the United States. Because of the massive effort, only 71 homes were destroyed.[7]

In September 1999, the citizenry of Palm Coast voted overwhelmingly by a margin of two to one to incorporate as a council/manager form of government. On December 31, 1999, the City of Palm Coast was officially incorporated. On October 1, 2000, all services were officially transferred from the former Service District to the city of Palm Coast. The five-member City Council is elected at large and serves staggered four-year terms. One member is elected as mayor. The promulgation and adoption of policy are the responsibility of the Council, and the execution of such policy is the responsibility of the council-appointed city manager. The city hired its first city manager on April 17, 2000.

The city provides a wide range of services including development services, fire services, street construction and maintenance, parks and recreational activities. Palm Coast contracts with the Flagler County Sheriff's Office for law enforcement services. As of 2012, the city has plans under way for a new city hall, a town center, new fire stations, and additional lands for parks. Preservation and protection of environmentally sensitive lands is a key goal of this city as it prepares for the future.

On January 4, 2013 at 2:22 P.M., a Beech Bonanza (BE35) carrying 3 people crashed into a home located at 22 Utica Path, killing all three people on board and injuring the home owner. Reportedly the airplane was on its way to Knoxville, Tennessee when the pilot declared an emergency and was attempting to land at Flagler County Airport but did not make it and crashed into the home.[8]

Geography[edit]

Palm Coast is located at 29°32′17″N 81°13′24″W / 29.538128°N 81.223385°W / 29.538128; -81.223385.[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 51.7 square miles (134 km2). 50.72 square miles (131 km2) of it is land and 0.98 square miles (3 km2) of it (1.90%) is water.

The area around Palm Coast last saw a direct hit from a hurricane in 2004 when Hurricane Charley passed directly over the area.[10] A unique location on the upper east coast of Florida, coupled with prevailing winds makes hurricanes less frequent than other parts of Florida. however the region is not hurricane proof. Since records have been kept (1851) over 33 hurricanes and tropical storms have directly affected the area.

Palm Coast has become a quiet bedroom community for St. Augustine and Daytona Beach workers, while many locals work also in Orlando and Jacksonville and commute from Palm Coast.

Economy[edit]

As of 2012, industrial parks within the town house more than 30 mid-size businesses with the largest one, the "Palm Coast Data" company, employing close to 1,000 people. Flagler County has had one of the highest rates of population growth in the United States since 1990, according to the U.S. Bureau of the Census. However, the area was hit extremely hard by the housing bust’s recession. In December 2009, it had the worst unemployment rate of the state of Florida’s largest metropolitan areas, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The unemployment rate was 16.9 percent.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 2,837
1990 14,287 403.6%
2000 32,732 129.1%
2010 75,180 129.7%
Est. 2013 78,740 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2013 Estimate[4]
[13]
Palm Coast Demographics
2010 Census Palm Coast Flagler County Florida
Total population 75,180 95,696 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +129.7% +92.0% +17.6%
Population density 836.5/sq mi 197.1/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 79.9% 82.3% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 72.8% 53.7% 57.9%
Black or African-American 12.7% 11.4% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 10.0% 8.1% 22.5%
Asian 2.5% 2.1% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.3% 0.3% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 2.5% 2.3% 2.5%
Some Other Race 2.0% 1.5% 3.6%

As of 2010, there were 35,058 households out of which 15.0% were vacant. As of 2000, 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.68.

In 2000, the city the population was spread out with 18.5% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 19.7% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 30.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $41,570, and the median income for a family was $45,818. Males had a median income of $31,976 versus $24,637 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,490. About 5.6% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Languages[edit]

As of 2000, English spoken as a first language accounted for 87.66% of all residents, while 12.33% spoke other languages as their mother tongue. The most significant was Spanish speakers who made up 6.48% of the population, while German came up as the third most spoken language, which made up 1.18%, Italian was spoken by 1.02%, and Portuguese at 1.00% of the population.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Florida by place Population, Housing Units, Area and Density:2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  2. ^ "Palm Coast, United States Page". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2007-08-08. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-11. 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-11. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "History". Florida Division of Emergency Management. Retrieved August 20, 2009. [dead link]
  8. ^ "CNN, Plane Crashes Into Florida Home". Retrieved: January 4, 2013.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/magazine/devast_hurricane/image2_full.jpg
  11. ^ http://www.bls.gov/news.release/metro.t01.htm
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  13. ^ Census figures in 1980 & 1990 were enumerated prior to incorporation as Palm Coast CDP.
  14. ^ Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Palm Coast, Florida.

External links[edit]