Palm Desert, California
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2011)|
|City of Palm Desert|
Modern art display on El Paseo's median.
|Motto: "Feel The Warmth"|
Location of Palm Desert, California
|• Mayor||Robert A. Spiegel|
|• Total||27.014 sq mi (69.966 km2)|
|• Land||26.810 sq mi (69.437 km2)|
|• Water||0.204 sq mi (0.529 km2) 0.76%|
|Elevation||220 ft (67 m)|
|• Density||1,800/sq mi (690/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||92210, 92211, 92255, 92260, 92261|
|GNIS feature ID||1652767|
Palm Desert is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, in the Coachella Valley, approximately 14 miles (23 km) east of Palm Springs and 122 miles (196 km) east of Los Angeles. The population was 48,445 at the 2010 census, up from 41,155 at the 2000 census. The city was one of the state's fastest growing in the 1980s and 1990s, beginning with 11,801 residents in 1980, doubling to 23,650 in 1990, 35,000 in 1995, and nearly double its 1990 population by 2000.
A major center of growth in the Palm Springs area, Palm Desert is a popular retreat for "snowbirds" from colder climates (the Eastern and Northern United States, and Canada), who swell its population by an estimated 31,000 each winter. In the past couple of years Palm Desert has seen more residents become "full-timers", mainly from the coasts and urban centers of California, who have come for both affordable and high-valued home prices.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Attractions
- 11 Parks
- 12 Sister cities
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 Further reading
- 16 External links
The area was first known as the Old MacDonald Ranch, but the name changed to Palm Village in the 1920s when date palms were planted. Local historians said the main residents of pre-1950 Palm Desert were Cahuilla Indian farmers of the now extinct San Cayetano tribe, but a few members of the Montoya family of Cahuilla/Spanish descent were prominent leaders in civic life.
The first residential development occurred in 1943 in connection with an Army maintenance camp in the area. That site was later developed into "El Paseo", an upscale shopping district not unlike Rodeo Drive. In 1948, the Palm Desert Corporation began to develop real estate, and in 1951 the area was given its present name.
Many celebrities keep homes in Palm Desert, including Rita Rudner and more recently, the current home of professional golfer Michelle Wie and one of the homes of Bill Gates. Film producers Jerry Weintraub and Robert Velo call Palm Desert their second home. With only 1,500 permanent residents, the community was incorporated on November 26, 1973. At the time, Palm Desert was a master planned community situated in the desert that used to stretch from Palm Springs to Indio.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.0 square miles (70 km2), of which, 26.8 square miles (69 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.76%) is water.
The elevation (City hall) is 224 feet (68 m) above sea level. Elevations vary from the lower northern half once covered in sand dunes to the upper slope southern cove (300–900 feet or 91–274 metres) all the way to the ridgeline at 1,000 feet (over 300 meters). Palm Desert is located in the Coachella Valley, the north-western extension of the Sonoran Desert.
Sun City Palm Desert, California lies on the northern side of Interstate 10 from Palm Desert itself, but is unincorporated and not part of the City of Palm Desert (the original name was Sun City Palm Springs from 1991 to 1996).
The climate of the Coachella Valley is influenced by the surrounding geography. High mountain ranges on three sides and a south-sloping valley floor all contribute to its unique and year-round warm climate, with the warmest winters in the western United States. Palm Desert has an arid climate: Its average annual high temperature is 89 °F (32 °C) and average annual low is 62 °F (17 °C) but summer highs above 108 °F (42 °C) are common and sometimes exceed 120 °F (49 °C), while summer night lows often stay above 82 °F (28 °C). Winters are warm with daytime highs between 73–84 °F (23–29 °C). Under 5 inches (130 mm) of annual precipitation are average, with over 348 days of sunshine per year. The mean annual temperature at 75.8 °F (24.3 °C) makes Palm Desert one of the warmest places in the United States. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Palm Desert was 125 °F (52 °C) on July 6, 1905. The surrounding mountains create a Thermal Belt  in the southern foothills of Palm Desert leading to a unique micro-climate with significantly warmer night-time temperatures during the winter months. The University of California maintains weather stations located in this Thermal Belt as part of their ecological project in the Boyd Deep Canyon Reserve.
|Climate data for Palm Desert, California, elev. 10 feet (3.0 m)|
|Record high °F (°C)||97
|Average high °F (°C)||71.9
|Daily mean °F (°C)||58.3
|Average low °F (°C)||44.6
|Record low °F (°C)||13
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.56
|Climate data for Palm Desert, California – Boyd Deep Canyon Ctr (1981–2010)|
|Average high °F (°C)||69.6
|Average low °F (°C)||51.1
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.86
The 2010 United States Census reported that Palm Desert had a population of 48,445. The population density was 1,793.3 people per square mile (692.4/km2). The racial makeup of Palm Desert was 39,957 (82.5%) White (70.4% Non-Hispanic White), 875 (1.8%) African American, 249 (0.5%) Native American, 1,647 (3.4%) Asian, 55 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 4,427 (9.1%) from other races, and 1,235 (2.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,038 persons (22.8%).
The Census reported that 48,137 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 98 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 210 (0.4%) were institutionalized.
There were 23,117 households, out of which 4,253 (18.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,253 (44.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,177 (9.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 811 (3.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,227 (5.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 373 (1.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,948 households (34.4%) were made up of individuals and 4,370 (18.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08. There were 13,241 families (57.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.65.
The population was spread out with 7,534 people (15.6%) under the age of 18, 3,333 people (6.9%) aged 18 to 24, 8,731 people (18.0%) aged 25 to 44, 12,924 people (26.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 15,923 people (32.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.0 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.
There were 37,073 housing units at an average density of 1,372.4 per square mile (529.9/km2), of which 15,171 (65.6%) were owner-occupied, and 7,946 (34.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 16.8%. 30,667 people (63.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 17,470 people (36.1%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 41,155 people, 19,184 households, and 11,414 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,689.1 people per square mile (652.0/km2). There were 28,021 housing units at an average density of 1,150.0 per square mile (443.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White, 1.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.5% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.1% of the population.
There are 19,184 households in Palm Desert, out of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.5% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.1 and the average family size was 2.7. The demographics of Palm Desert shows a rising population of children and young adults.
In the city the population was spread out with 17.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 27.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. Palm Desert with the rest of the Coachella Valley has a large senior citizen (over age of 55) community, most of them have annual personal incomes exceeding well over $100,000.
The median income for a household in the city was $48,000 and the median income for a family was $58,183. Males had a median income of $42,257 versus $32,202 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,463. About 5.9% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over. Palm Desert is considered an upper-class community, having an above average median income compared both to California and the nation. The median income that is stated in the census data is lower than the actual median income because there are a large number of seasonal residents and senior citizens.
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||JW Marriott Desert Springs Golf Resort||2,000|
|2||Universal Protection Services||1,500|
|7||Marriott Desert Springs Villas||304|
|9||Toscana Country Club||300|
|10||Bighorn Golf Club||250|
Shopping and commerce
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Rapid growth and several annexations in the 1980s and 1990s have made Palm Desert a major shopping destination and the main center of business activity in the Coachella Valley. The city developed a major shopping area when the Palm Desert Town Center (now the Westfield Shoppingtown-Palm Desert) opened in 1983, followed by the arrival of Target in Desert Crossing in 1995.
El Paseo Drive is downtown Palm Desert's main shopping street. The area around the street has evolved into an upscale shopping district featuring 150 boutiques, art galleries, and restaurants. El Paseo is often compared to Beverly Hills' Rodeo Drive due its concentration of posh retail outlets and lush landscaping. The street runs parallel to State Route 111, which serves as the main thoroughfare in the Palm Springs metropolitan area.
Palm Desert residents have shown concern in protecting the desert environment by promoting natural landscaping and artistic sculptures. Fred Waring Drive has been expanded into a six-lane major traffic fare, encouraging new retail centers and commercial zones.
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Over half of the Palm Desert's growing population is over 50 years old. The city had a doubling of persons over age 55 in the 2000s, to reverse a previous trend of a "younger" population of all ages and once again, Palm Desert has a "gray" majority.
Homeowners are a mixture of year-round residents and winter/second homes, mostly from the Pacific Northwest and urban centers across California. The second home market attracts an international population, particularly Canadians since the 1970s. Increasing numbers of Europeans, Australians and east Asians are buying up real estate. The global appeal of Palm Desert as the "place to be" for tourists has made it home to thousands of retired people from around the world.
Palm Desert is a multi-ethnical community with affluent African-Americans, Latin Americans and Asian Americans. There are also many persons of Arabic, Armenian, Cuban, Filipino, German, Irish, Italian, Iranian, Polish, Puerto Rican, Swedish ancestry, South Americans and ethnicities which fall under the umbrella of the former Yugoslavia. The city has one of California's largest Jewish communities. The largest international ethnic group in Palm Desert are Mexicans.
- College of the Desert Roadrunners in football, baseball, basketball, soccer and volleyball.
- Golf – Palm Desert is home to about 30 golf courses.
- Tennis – tennis courts in the Marrakesh and Shadow Mountain golf clubs.
Resorts and golf clubs
The city's first golf course and tennis club was Shadow Mountain in 1952, followed by Marrakesh in 1954, the Palm Desert Greens mobile home park golf course in 1961, and the Palm Desert Country Club in 1962. The latter, located five miles (8 km) east of the original city, was formally annexed in 1992. The total number of golf clubs (more than 30 located within 10 miles from the city) have made Palm Desert known as the "World's Golf Capital".
"Desert Willow Golf Resort" is the City Of Palm Desert's municipal golf course and has 2 championship courses – 'Mountain View' and 'Firecliff'. It is associated with the "Westin Desert Willow Resort" development at the golf course location. The Firecliff course is listed at #13 in Golf Magazine's 'Best Courses you can Play' 2010 list for California.
In the late-1970s and 1980s, a spate of private golf clubs, destination resorts and hotels appeared in the northern half of Palm Desert, such as the four-star JW Marriott Desert Springs Golf Resort and Spa in 1987 and the four-star Desert Willow Golf Resort in 2002. The city has over 30 motels and 5,000 motel rooms, since lodging and hospitality is a major portion of the local tourist-based economy.
In the state legislature Palm Desert is located in the 28th Senate District, represented by Republican Bill Emmerson, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Nestande. Federally, Palm Desert is located in California's 36th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +3 and is represented by Democrat Raul Ruiz.
The city of Palm Desert contracts for fire and paramedic services with the Riverside County Fire Department through a cooperative agreement with CAL FIRE. Palm Desert currently has three fire stations, which are Station 33, (Town Center), Station 67 (Mesa View), and Station 71 (North Palm Desert). Each fire station provides an engine company and a paramedic ambulance. Fire station 33 also has a truck company.
Palm Desert is the home of the Living Desert Zoo and Gardens, a combination zoo and botanical garden featuring an extensive collection of desert plants and animals and a state-of-the-art animal hospital.
Palm Desert is also the site of the main campus of College of the Desert, the local community college, which has expanded greatly in size since the campus opened in 1961 and one of the buildings was built by donations from the local Cahuilla Indian tribal nations. The state higher education system opened an extension campus duplex (the Indian Wells Education center for both California State University, San Bernardino and the University of California Riverside.
The primary high school is Palm Desert High School (with 2200 students) which is part of the Desert Sands Unified School District. The main Middle School (with 1100 students) is Palm Desert Middle School, a charter school. There's a Charter Elementary level schools: George Washington (Charter). The elementary schools in the city include: George Washington Charter, Abraham Lincoln, Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan. A northernmost part of Palm Desert and easternmost part of Rancho Mirage is served by the Palm Springs Unified School District, so the students can attend Rancho Mirage High School  in Rancho Mirage, Nellie Coffman Middle School and Cathedral City High School in Cathedral City, California. Some students are also zoned to La Quinta High School and Colonel Mitchell Paige Middle School.
The Riverside County Department of Education operates San Cayetano Community School, a grade 1 to 12 educational facility. Palm Desert has 8 private schools in the immediate area : Desert Adventist Academy, Palm Desert Presbyterian School, Sacred Heart Catholic Academy, Marywood-Palm Valley School, the Learning Tree Academy, the Xavier Preparatory High school a Roman Catholic grade 9–12 school, the Hope Academy; and the Desert Torah Academy, a Jewish community school and its social recreational Jewish Community Center. It also has meetings by the United Jewish Congress of the Desert based in Palm Springs.
Modern transportation services include:
- Palm Springs International Airport serves Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley.
- Historical note: during World War II it was operated as the Palm Springs Army Airfield.
- SunLine Transit Agency provides bus service in the Coachella Valley.
- SR 111 – California State Route 111, which intersects the city.
- I-10 – Interstate 10 runs north of the city.
- SR 74 – The Pines to Palms Scenic Byway (California State Route 74) runs from the coast, over the San Jacinto Mountains and has its eastern terminus in Palm Desert.
The Desert Memorial Park in Cathedral City is maintained by the Palm Springs Cemetery District. Also in Cathedral City is the Forest Lawn Cemetery, maintained by Forest Lawn Memorial-Parks & Mortuaries.
- Palm Desert
- Surrounding Communities
The city of Palm Desert has 14 parks.
- Cahuilla Hills Park
- Cap Homme/ Ralph Adams Park
- Civic Center Park
- Community Gardens
- Freedom Park
- Hovley Soccer Park
- Ironwood Park
- Joe Mann Park
- Magnesia Falls City Park
- Palm Desert Dog Park
- Palma Village Park
- University Dog Park
- University Park East
- Washington Charter School Park
South of Palm Desert is the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument  and North of Palm Desert is the Coachella Valley Fringe-Toed Lizard Reserve.
Palm Desert had been in the sister cities program, as designated by Sister Cities International. Six to nine cities that are or were associated with Palm Desert:
- Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
- Osoyoos, British Columbia, Canada
- Haifa, Israel
- La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico
- Gisborne, New Zealand
- Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
- Port Elizabeth, South Africa
- Zihuatanejo, Guerrero, Mexico
Palm Desert has a community exchange program with
Also a community exchange relationship with the major city of Concepcion, Chile, so far the most populous one.
- City of Palm Desert, Mayor
- U.S. Census
- NOAA. "1981–2010 MONTHLY NORMALS for Indio, CA". NOAA. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- University of California. "Weather Data at Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center". University of California; Temperatures normalized for period from 1981-2010. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0655184.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City of Palm Desert CAFR
- OCLC 47732515
- Desert Springs Golf Resort and Spa
- Desert Willow Golf Resort
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- Palm Springs Cemetery District
- University of California Natural Reserve System
- For research at Deep Canyon, see:
- Ryan, R. Mark; Leatherman, Robert L. (photos, with others); Snedeoor, Lonna (drawings) (1968). Mammals of Deep Canyon, Colorado Desert, California. Palm Springs, CA: Palm Springs Desert Museum. p. 137. LCCN 68057291. OCLC 452065. "Research reported in this volume was conducted by the University of California, Riverside, through its International Dry Lands Research Institute and Philip L. Boyd Desert Research Center, Deep Canyon Desert Research Area. Bibliography: pp. 121–124"
- Wheeler, George Carlos; Wheeler, Jeanette (1973). Ants of Deep Canyon. Palm Desert, CA: Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center, University of California, Riverside. p. 162. LCCN 73088149. OCLC 800855.
- Ting, Irwin P.; Jennings, Bill (1976). Deep Canyon, a Desert Wilderness for Science. Palm Desert, CA: Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center, University of California, Riverside. p. 177. LCCN 76012717. OCLC 2524194. "with a special photographic section, Ansel Adams' Deep Canyon"
- Zabriskie, Jan G.; Lewis, Carol (drawings) (1979). Plants of Deep Canyon and the Central Coachella Valley, California. Riverside, CA: Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center, University of California. p. 175. LCCN 79063644. OCLC 6614967.
- Geyer, Barbara L. (1962). Geology of the Palm Desert Region, Riverside County. San Diego, CA: California State University. pp. 19 . LCC QE90 R5 G4
- Historical Society of Palm Desert; Rover, Hal; Kousken, Kim; Romer, Brett (2009). Palm Desert. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-7385-5964-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palm Desert, California.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Palm Desert.|
- Official website
- Palm Desert Chamber of Commerce
- City-Data.com Statistical data about Palm Desert
- Friends of the Desert Mountains
- The Living Desert and Zoo
- Howser, Huell (October 21, 2001). "Palm Desert – Palm Springs Week (004)". California's Gold. Chapman University Huell Howser Archive.
||Thousand Palms||Sky Valley||Sun City Palm Desert
|Rancho Mirage||Bermuda Dunes
|Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument||Santa Rosa Mountains||Indian Wells|