Palm sugar

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Three cakes of commercially produced palm sugar.

Palm sugar was originally made from the sap of the Palmyra palm, the date palm or the sugar date palm. Now it is also made from the sap of the Arenga pinnata (sugar palm) and the nipa palm, and may therefore also be sold as "arenga sugar". Palm sugar is often labelled under various other names reflecting the several different species of palm utilised and its wide production area across Africa and Asia. Palm sugar is produced by tapping the sap from the inflorescence of the tree and boiling it down to produce a syrup, which is then sold as is, or allowed to crystallize into various shapes and sizes. In some instances the tree itself is tapped rather than the flowering spikes, but this is an isolated production method. Often the distinction is made between coconut sugar and palm sugar, but this only reflects the different species from which the sugar is sourced, i.e. coconut sugar is produced in an identical way.[1] Thailand is one place where the distinction is made and the difference is due to palm sugar being produced there from the tree trunk of the sugar palm, whilst coconut sugar is tapped from the inflorescences of the coconut palm. The differences are semantic, as all the sugars under their various names are still produced from the sucrose rich sap of a palm species.

Usage[edit]

In Thai cuisine, palm sugar is mainly used in sweets and desserts, but also in Thai curries and sauces.[2]

Names[edit]

  • Burma: jaggery, htanyet (ထန်းလျက်; pronounced: [tʰəɲeʔ])
  • Cambodia: skor tnot (ស្ករត្នោត)
  • Telugu: nalla bellam (నల్ల బెల్లం), thaati bellam (palm jaggery; తాటి బెల్లం)
  • Kannada: bella (ಬೆಲ್ಲ)
  • Kerala: panam kalkandam (പനം കല്‍കണ്ടം), Karippatti, Karipetti, Karippotti (കരിപെട്ടി)
  • Bangladesh/Bengal: gur (jaggery; গুড়), taal patali (solid palm sugar), khejura-cini (date palm sugar; খেজুর-চিনি)
  • Tamil Nadu: panam karkandu (பணம் கற்கண்டு), karuppatti (கருப்பட்டி), panai karuppatti (பனை கருப்பட்டி), panai vellam, pananj chakarai
  • Indonesia: gula kelapa, gula aren, gula merah, gula semut (Gula Jawa in the Netherlands)
  • Philippines: Pakaskas
  • Malaysia: gula anau, gula melaka (coconut palm), gula kabung (arenga pinnata palm/sugar palm)
  • Sri Lanka: jaggery, kitul-hakuru, tal-hakuru, pol pani
  • Laos: nam tan pip (ນ້ຳຕານປິບ; pronounced [nâm.tàːn.píp])
  • Thailand: nam tan pip (น้ำตาลปี๊บ; pronounced [náːm.tāːn.píːp]) or nam tan puek (น้ำตาลปึก; pronounced [náːm.tāːn.pɯ̀k])
  • Vietnam: đường thốt nốt

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thaifoodandtravel.com/ingredients/palmsug.html
  2. ^ Kasma Locha-unchit: Palm & Coconut Sugar Retrieved 2012-05-19

External links[edit]