Palma de Mallorca Airport

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Palma de Mallorca Airport
Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto PMI.jpg
IATA: PMIICAO: LEPA
Summary
Airport type Public and military
Operator Aena
Serves Mallorca, Spain
Location Palma de Mallorca
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 24 ft
Coordinates 39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889 (Palma de Mallorca Airport)Coordinates: 39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889 (Palma de Mallorca Airport)
Website aena-aeropuertos.es
Map
PMI is located in Majorca
PMI
PMI
Location in Majorca
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06L/24R 3,270 10,728 Asphalt
06R/24L 3,000 9,842 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 22,768,082
Passenger change 12–13 Increase0.4%
Aircraft movements 170,138
Movements change 12–13 Decrease2.2%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Palma de Mallorca Airport (IATA: PMIICAO: LEPA) (Catalan: Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca) is an airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) east[2] of Palma, Majorca, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla. More commonly known as Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeroport de Son Sant Joan, it is the third largest airport in Spain,[1] after Madrid's Barajas Airport and Barcelona Airport. During the summer months it is one of the busiest airports in Europe, and was used by 22.7 million passengers in 2012.[1] The airport is the main base for the Spanish carrier Air Europa and also a focus airport for German carrier Air Berlin.

Palma de Mallorca Airport occupies an area of 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Due to rapid growth of passenger numbers, additional infrastructure was added to the two terminals A (1965) and B (1972). This main terminal was designed by local architect Pere Nicolau Bonet and was officially opened on 12 April 1997. The airport now consists of four modules: Module A, Module B, Module C and Module D. The airport can handle 25 million passengers per year, with a capacity to dispatch 12,000 passengers per hour.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The history of Palma de Mallorca airport began in the 1920s, when seaplanes were used for postal services to the other Balearic Islands. A flat field next to Son Sant Joan was then used in the 1930s for flight routes to other parts of Spain. A private aerodome was also set up.[3]

In 1938, Palma de Mallorca airport started being used for military aviation, while Iberia and Deutsche Lufthansa established new routes to the military base.[4]

In 1954, Palma de Mallorca's runway was extended and asphalted, and also had brand new taxiways and aprons added near it. This made the airport able to serve more airlines and more types of aircraft.

The increase in traffic in 1958 led to a new terminal being constructed, and turned the airbase into a large civilian airport. A new large apron was also built. The new airport opened to domestic and international traffic on 7 July 1960. Just two weeks later, expansion to the aerodome was planned, including the extension of the runway and taxiway. At the end of the year, more plans were made, including a power plant, a communications centre and fire and rescue facilities.[5]

Growth since the 1960s[edit]

After reaching 1 million passengers for the first time in 1962, in 1965, a new terminal was constructed, and air navigation services were completed at the end of the following year. Also in 1965, a smaller terminal, which today is terminal B was planned to be built, due to passenger numbers increasing rapidly, reaching 2 million in 1965. A second runway was also to be built. It was to be built parallel to the existing one, and work began on it in 1970. Two years later, terminal B went into service, and the second runway opened in 1974.

In 1980, the airport carried 7 million passengers. However, this increased to nearly 10 million in 1986. This yet again led to a new terminal to be constructed, which is today's current terminal, which is terminal A. Construction started in mid-1993 and was designed by the Majorcan architect Pere Nicolau Bover. during the construction in 1995, passenger numbers exceeded 15 million. The new terminal finally opened in 1997.[6]

Today[edit]

Following a decline in passenger numbers at the airport following the September 11 attacks in 2001, numbers rose steadily between 2002 and 2007 when traffic peaked at 23.2 million passengers, however from 2007 there has been a decline in passenger numbers with 21.1 million using the airport in 2010.[1] Today, Palma de Mallorca airport carries over 20 million passengers to their destinations, particularly to mainland Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom.

Modules[edit]

Apron view
Outside view of Module C

There are four modules at the airport. Module A, Module B, Module C and Module D.

Module A[edit]

Located in the north of the airport. It has 28 gates of which 8 have airbridges. This is the only Module that has double airbridges attached to gates. The Pier is mainly used by flights to non-Schengen destinations including the UK and Ireland. This part of the terminal building is closed during winter months and is only used in the Summer.

Module B[edit]

The smallest Module located in the north east. It has 8 gates located on ground floor, of which none have airbridges. It is used by regional aircraft of Air Nostrum, mainly operating intra-balearic flights.

Module C[edit]

The largest of the Modules located in the east. It has 33 gates of which 9 have airbridges. It is used by Air Berlin, Niki and Condor along with EasyJet flights to Schengen destinations. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them.

The southern area of the Module was worked on and reopened in May 2010. The refurbishment and expansion is so that the Module can handle more flights, and to improve ways to get into the pier as it is the longest walk from security control. There will also be a further 8 gates with airbridges, but there will still be 33 in total.[7]

Module D[edit]

Located in the south. It has 19 gates of which 10 have airbridges. All odd numbered gates are gates with a bus transfer. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them. During the closure of the southern area of Module C, it was used mainly for flights to Europe.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Module
Adria Airways Seasonal Charter: Ljubljana D
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Belfast-City, Cork, Dublin A
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Seasonal: St Petersburg A
Air Algérie Algiers A
Air Arabia Maroc Nador A
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga[8] D
Air Berlin Alicante, Almeria, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Leipzig/Halle, Málaga, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Seville, Saarbrücken, Stuttgart, Valencia, Zürich
Seasonal: Bremen (ends 25 October 2014),[9] Copenhagen, Dortmund (ends 25 October 2014),[10] Dresden, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Menorca
C
Air Contractors Seasonal Charter: Dublin A
Air Europa Alicante, Barcelona, Granada, Madrid, Paris-Orly, Seville, Valencia, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Málaga
D
Air Méditerranée Lyon, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Strasbourg D
Aviolet
operated by Air Serbia
Seasonal Charter: Belgrade D
AlbaStar Seasonal Charter: Bergamo, Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Verona, Venice-Marco Polo D
Alitalia Seasonal: Rome-Fiumicino
Seasonal Charter: Bologna
D
Arkefly Seasonal: Amsterdam D
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal: Vienna D
Blue Panorama Airlines
operated by Blu-express
Seasonal Charter: Bologna, Catania, Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino, Turin D
British Airways London-Heathrow A
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City
Charter: Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Isle of Man
Bulgaria Air Sofia A
Condor Manchester A
Condor Frankfurt
Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Stuttgart
C
Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: Amsterdam D
Czech Airlines Seasonal charter: Ostrava, Prague D
Etihad Regional
operated by Darwin Airline
Bern, Geneva A
easyJet Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Belfast-International, London-Southend
A
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino C
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva C
Edelweiss Air Zürich C
Enter Air Gdansk, Katowice, Poznan, Warsaw, Wrocław D
Europe Airpost Paris-Charles de Gaulle D
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki D
Flybe Seasonal: Birmingham
Seasonal Charter: Inverness
A
Germania Seasonal: Bremen, Erfurt-Weimar, Friedrichshafen, Kassel, Münster-Osnabrück, Rostock[11] D
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf
Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel, Hamburg, Hanover, Stuttgart
D
Hamburg Airways Seasonal charter: Düsseldorf, Erfurt-Weimar, Friedrichshafen, Hamburg C
Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Bern D
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Albacete, Badajoz, Bilbao, Burgos, Ibiza, León, Lleida, Logroño, Lyon, Melilla, Minorca, Nantes, Nice, Nîmes, Salamanca, San Sebastian, Valencia, Valladolid, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Asturias, Perpignan
Seasonal Charter: Kerry, Knock
A
Iberia Express Madrid, Tenerife-South D
IGavion
operated by SkyTaxi
Seasonal: Dole[12] TBC
Jet2.com Seasonal: Belfast-International, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne A
Jetairfly Antwerp (begins April 2015), Brussels, Charleroi, Liège, Metz/Nancy, Ostend/Bruges
Seasonal: Deauville, Glasgow
Seasonal Charter: Cork, Münster/Osnabrück[13]
D, A
JetXtra.com
operated by BA CityFlyer
Seasonal: Humberside A
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
D
Luxair Luxembourg
Seasonal: Châlons Vatry
D
Meridiana Rome-Fiumicino
Charter: Turin
D
Monarch Airlines London-Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands (ends 30 April 2015),[14] Leeds/Bradford, London-Luton
A
Neos Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Verona, Venice D
Niki Graz, Salzburg, Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck, Linz
C
NordStar Seasonal Charter: St Petersburg A
Norwegian Air Shuttle London-Gatwick A
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda D
Orenair Seasonal Charter: Yekaterinburg A
Primera Air Seasonal Charter: Gothenburg-Landvetter D
Ryanair London-Stansted
Seasonal: Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cork, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow-Prestwick, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, Manchester, Shannon
A
Ryanair Barcelona, Brussels,[15] Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hahn, Madrid, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Valencia, Weeze
Seasonal: Aarhus, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Bratislava, Bremen, Girona, Gothenburg-City, Groningen (ends 4 November 2014), Haugesund, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Krakow, Kaunas, Málaga, Malmo, Maastricht/Aachen (ends 25 October 2014), Marseille, Memmingen, Moss/Rygge, Porto, Poznan, Reus, Rome-Ciampino, Sandefjord, Santander, Stockholm-Skavsta, Warsaw-Modlin
D
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo D
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger, Gothenburg-Landvetter
D
Sky Work Airlines Seasonal: Bern A
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal Charter: Humberside, Vilnius D
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Seasonal: Brno, Ostrava, Pardubice, Prague D
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich D
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse D
TAROM Seasonal: Bucharest D
Thomas Cook Airlines Belfast-International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow-International, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Norwich
A
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Brussels D
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Charter: Aalborg, Bergen, Billund, Borlänge, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Karlstad, Malmo, Orebro, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Stockholm-Arlanda C
Thomson Airways Birmingham, East Midlands, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal Charter: Aberdeen, Belfast-International, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dublin, Edinburgh, Exeter, Leeds/Bradford, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Norwich, Southampton,
A
Transaero Airlines Seasonal: St Petersburg, Moscow A
Transavia.com Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Rotterdam C
Transavia.com France Seasonal: Nantes
Seasonal Charter: Metz/Nancy
C
Travel Service Debrecen, Wrocław D
TUIfly Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Munich, Nuremberg, Saarbrücken (begins 1 May 2015), Stuttgart, Zweibrücken (ends 1 November 2014) D
TUIfly Nordic[16] Copenhagen, Helsinki, Malmo, Norrköping, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda D
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal Charter: Kiev-Boryspil D
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo D
VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo D
Volotea Seasonal: Asturias, Bari, Bordeaux, Nantes, Palermo, Turin, Venice-Marco Polo, Vigo, Zaragoza
Seasonal Charter: Cork, Jersey, London-Southend, Southampton
A, C, D
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Granada, Málaga, Munich, Seville, Valencia
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Asturias, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Brussels, Catania, Cardiff, Lyon, Marseille, Moscow-Domodedovo, Paris-Orly, Rennes, Rome-Fiumicino, Santiago de Compostela (begins 21 December 2014), Toulouse
A, D
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca A
Yakutia Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo A
XL Airways France Paris-Charles de Gaulle D

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Swiftair Barcelona, Madrid

Other facilities[edit]

Previously Spanair had its head office in the Spanair Building on the airport property.[17] Both Futura International Airways and Iberworld used to have large operational offices on the premises of Palma airport but these are no longer in use.

Statistics[edit]

Passenger statistics[edit]

Palma de Mallorca Airport Passenger Totals 1999–2013 (millions)
Updated: 9 June 2012.[1]
Passengers Aircraftmovements Cargo (tonnes)
1999 19,127,773 168,533
2000 19,424,243 176,997 25,156
2001 19,206,964 169,603 23,068
2002 17,832,558 160,329 20,412
2003 19,185,919 168,988 19,935
2004 20,416,083 177,859 20,408
2005 21,240,736 182,028 21,025
2006 22,408,427 190,304 22,443
2007 23,227,983 197,354 22,833
2008 22,832,865 193,357 21,395
2009 21,203,028 177,492 17,086
2010 21,117,417 174,635 17,289
2011 22,726,707 180,152 15,777
2012 22,666,858 173,966 13,712
2013 22,768,082 170,138 12,237
Source: Aena Statistics[1]

Route statistics[edit]

Monarch Airlines Airbus A320 taxiing at Palma de Mallorca Airport
Jet2.com Boeing 737-300 taxiing at Palma de Mallorca Airport
Vueling Airbus A320 takeoff from Palma de Mallorca Airport
Busiest international routes from Palma-Son Sant Joan Airport January–October (2011)
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Düsseldorf, Germany 906,124 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIFly
2 Cologne/Bonn, Germany 707,428 TUIFly, Germanwings, Condor, Air Berlin, Ryanair
3 Frankfurt, Germany 693,944 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIFly.
4 Manchester, United Kingdom 686,802 Thomson Airways, Thomas Cook Airlines, Ryanair, Monarch, Jet2, EasyJet, Condor Flugdienst
5 London-Gatwick, United Kingdom 587,341 EasyJet, Monarch, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
6 Stuttgart-Echterdingen, Germany 578,890 TUIFly, Contact Air, Germanwings, Condor, Air Berlin
7 Hamburg-Fuhlsbuettel, Germany 569,159 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIFly
8 Munich-Franz Josef Strauss 515,083 TUIFly, Lufthansa, Condor, Air Berlin
9 Berlin-Tegel, Germany 399,026 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
10 Zürich, Switzerland 366,889 Swiss International Airlines, Air Berlin
11 London-Stansted, United Kingdom 303,190 Ryanair, EasyJet, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
12 East Midlands, United Kingdom 277,870 Thomson Airways, Thomas Cook Airlines, Ryanair, Monarch, Jet2, Bmibaby
13 Dortmund, Germany 271,404 Air Berlin, EasyJet, Germanwings
14 Nuremberg, Germany 269,084 Air Berlin, TUIFly
15 Bremen, Germany 257,006 Air Berlin, Ryanair
16 Bristol, United Kingdom 248,289 Thomson Airways, Ryanair, Monarch, EasyJet
17 Birmingham, United Kingdom 245,740 Bmibaby, BA CityFlyer, Monarch, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
18 Paderborn, Germany 244,868 Condor, Air Berlin
19 London-Luton, United Kingdom 242,432 EasyJet, Monarch, Thomas Cook Airlines
20 Leipzig, Germany 236,341 Air Berlin, Condor

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Aena (Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "AENA passenger statistics and aircraftmovements". Aena.es. 
  2. ^ a b Spanish AIP (AENA)
  3. ^ "Palma de Mallorca airport history in the early 90's". Mallorca-pmi.airports-guides.com. 18 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Lufthansa and Iberia establish routes". Airports-worldwide.com. 
  5. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Palma de Mallorca Airport expansion". Airports-worldwide.com. 
  6. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Terminal A opening". Airports-worldwide.com. 
  7. ^ "Module C Refurbishment". Majorca.info. 24 April 2010. 
  8. ^ 23 January 2014 From wire reports, RIGA (23 January 2014). "airBaltic launch new seasonal service to Palma de Mallorca". Baltictimes.com. 
  9. ^ http://www.touristik-aktuell.de/nachrichten/verkehr/news/datum/2014/10/15/air-berlin-rueckzug-aus-dortmund/
  10. ^ http://www.derwesten.de/staedte/dortmund/air-berlin-verlaesst-dortmund-komplett-id9936420.html
  11. ^ http://www.flygermania.de/download/file/Flugplaene/Flugplan.pdf
  12. ^ "HORAIRES | IGavion". Igavion.fr. 2 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Belgium's Jetairfly to launch new German, Irish services to Mallorca - ch-aviation.com". Ch-aviation.ch. 3 May 2014. 
  14. ^ http://www.monarch.co.uk/news/flights/2014-news/monarch-airlines-to-stop-flying-from-east-midlands-base-in-2015
  15. ^ "Welcome to Ryanair!". Ryanair.com. 
  16. ^ "Resor och charter – Boka charterresor hos Fritidsresor" (in Swedish). Fritidsresor.se. 
  17. ^ "Spanair to retain HQ in Palma." The Mallorca. 23 December 2008. Retrieved on 18 October 2009.
  18. ^ "EC-EQH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  19. ^ "EC-FAH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 25 June 2010. 
  20. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III EC-GKR Palma de Mallorca Airport (PMI)". Aviation-safety.net. 12 April 2002. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Palma de Mallorca Airport at Wikimedia Commons