Palmachim Airbase

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Palmachim Air Force Base
בָּסִיס חֵיל-הַאֲוִויר פַּלְמַחִים
IATA: noneICAO: LL__
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator Israeli Air Force
Elevation AMSL 32 ft / 10 m
Coordinates 31°53′52″N 34°41′26″E / 31.89778°N 34.69056°E / 31.89778; 34.69056Coordinates: 31°53′52″N 34°41′26″E / 31.89778°N 34.69056°E / 31.89778; 34.69056
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
03/21 7,884 2,403 asphalt
13/31 2,636 803 asphalt

Palmachim Air Force Base (Hebrew: בָּסִיס חֵיל-הַאֲוִויר פַּלְמַחִים‎) is an Israeli military facility and spaceport located near the cities of Rishon LeZion and Yavne on the Mediterranean Sea. It is named after nearby Kibbutz Palmachim on the Mediterranean shore.

The base is home to several IAF helicopter and UAV squadrons, and serves as a rocket launch site for the Arrow missile.[1]

Palmachim is also used to launch the Shavit space launch vehicle into retrograde orbit by launching over the Mediterranean, acting as Israel's primary spaceport. The launchpad is situated at 31°53′04″N 34°40′49″E / 31.88444°N 34.68028°E / 31.88444; 34.68028 (Shavit launchpad) This ensures that rocket debris falls into water, and that the rocket does not fire over regional neighboring countries near Israel that could use the technology. Palmachim is also used to test ballistic missiles, such as the Jericho.

Recent launches include:

In July 2007, it was agreed that once Sde Dov Airport in Tel Aviv was closed, its military terminal would be transferred to Palmachim[7] although Sde Dov Airport continues to operate.

Units[edit]

Launch history[edit]

Shavit launch
Type of rocket Date of Launch Launch Location Payload Mission Status
Shavit September 19, 1988 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 1 Success, experimental payload
Shavit April 3, 1990 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 2 Success, experimental payload
Shavit September 15, 1994 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq ? Failure, unknown payload[8]
Shavit-1 April 5, 1995 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 3 Success, first Israeli operational satellite in orbit
Shavit-1 January 22, 1998 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 4 Failure
Shavit-1 May 28, 2002 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 5 Success, second Israeli operational satellite in orbit
Shavit-1 September 6, 2004 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 6 Failure
Shavit-2 June 11, 2007 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 7 Success, third Israeli operational satellite in orbit
Shavit-2 June 22, 2010 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 9 Success [9]
Shavit-2 April 9, 2014 Palmachim Airbase Israel Ofeq 10 Success

On 17 January 2008 Israel test fired a multi-stage ballistic missile believed to be of the Jericho III type, reportedly capable of carrying "conventional or non conventional warheads."[3] On 2 November 2011, Israel successfully test fired a missile believed to be an upgraded version of the Jericho III; the long trail of smoke was seen throughout central Israel.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S./Israel Complete Successful Arrow Missile Defense Test". GlobalSecurity.org. 
  2. ^ Israel Launches New Spy Satellite, www.spacewar.com, accessed 12 June 2007
  3. ^ a b Azoulay, Yuval (18 January 2008). "Missile test 'will improve deterrence'". Haaretz. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Israel Launches Ofeq-9 Satellite
  5. ^ a b Pfeffer, Anshel (2 November 2011). "IDF test-fires ballistic missile in central Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Israel launches Ofek 10 radar-based spy satellite". jpost. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Tel Aviv airport to make way for luxury project". Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  8. ^ "Shavit (Israel), Space launch vehicles - Orbital". Jane's Information Group. 2009-04-21. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  9. ^ Greenberg, Hanan (22 June 2010). "Israel launches spy satellite". Ynet.com. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 

External links[edit]