Palmachim Air Force Base is an Israeli military facility and spaceport located near the cities of Rishon LeZion and Yavne on the Mediterranean Sea. It is named after nearby Kibbutz Palmachim on the Mediterranean shore.
The base is home to several IAF
helicopter and UAV squadrons, and serves as a rocket launch site for the Arrow missile. [1 ]
Palmachim is also used to launch the
Shavit space launch vehicle into retrograde orbit by launching over the Mediterranean, acting as Israel's primary spaceport. The launchpad is situated at This ensures that rocket debris falls into water, and that the rocket does not fire over regional neighboring countries near Israel that could use the technology. Palmachim is also used to test ballistic missiles, such as the 31°53′04″N 34°40′49″E / 31.88444°N 34.68028°E Jericho.
Recent launches include:
In July 2007, it was agreed that once
Sde Dov Airport in Tel Aviv was closed, its military terminal would be transferred to Palmachim although [6 ] Sde Dov Airport continues to operate.
Launch history [ edit ]
Type of rocket
Date of Launch
Shavit September 19, 1988
Ofeq 1 Success, experimental payload
April 3, 1990
Ofeq 2 Success, experimental payload
September 15, 1994
Ofeq ? Failure, unknown payload
April 5, 1995
Ofeq 3 Success, first Israeli operational satellite in orbit
January 22, 1998
Ofeq 4 Failure
May 28, 2002
Ofeq 5 Success, second Israeli operational satellite in orbit
September 6, 2004
Ofeq 6 Failure
June 11, 2007
Ofeq 7 Success, third Israeli operational satellite in orbit
June 22, 2010
Ofeq 9 Success
On 17 January 2008 Israel test fired a multi-stage ballistic missile believed to be of the Jericho III type, reportedly capable of carrying "conventional or non conventional warheads."
On 2 November 2011, Israel successfully test fired a missile believed to be an upgraded version of the Jericho III; the long trail of smoke was seen throughout central Israel. [3 ] [5 ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]