Cymbopogon martinii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Palmarosa)
Jump to: navigation, search
Cymbopogon martinii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Cymbopogon
Species: C. martinii
Binomial name
Cymbopogon martinii
(Roxb.) Wats.
Synonyms

Andropogon martinii

Cymbopogon martinii is a species of grass in the lemon grass genus best known by the common name palmarosa. Other common names include Indian geranium, gingergrass and rosha or rosha grass.

Distribution[edit]

This perennial grass is native to South and Southeast Asia, especially India, and it is cultivated for its oil.

Uses[edit]

The essential oil of this plant, which contains the active compound geraniol, is valued for its scent and for a number of traditional medicinal and household uses. Palmarosa oil has been shown to be an effective insect repellent when applied to stored grain and beans,[1] an antihelmintic against nematodes,[2] and an antifungal and mosquito repellent.[3]

Palmarosa oil, which has a scent similar to roses, is added to soaps and cosmetics.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kumar, R.; Srivastava, M.; Dubey, N. K. (2007). "Evaluation of Cymbopogon martinii oil extract for control of postharvest insect deterioration in cereals and legumes". Journal of Food Protection 70 (1): 172–78. 
  2. ^ Kumaran, A. M. et al.; D'souza, P; Agarwal, A; Bokkolla, RM; Balasubramaniam, M (2003). "Geraniol, the putative anthelmintic principle of Cymbopogon martinii". Phytotherapy Research 17 (8): 957. doi:10.1002/ptr.1267. PMID 13680833. 
  3. ^ a b Duke, J. A. and J. duCellier. (1993). CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 214.

External links[edit]