|Presented by||Festival International du Film de Cannes|
The Palme d'Or (English: Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival and is presented to the director of the best feature film of the official competition. It was introduced in 1955 by the organising committee. From 1939 to 1954, the highest prize was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film. From 1964 to 1974, it was replaced once again, by the Grand Prix du Festival.
In 1954 the Jury of the Festival de Cannes suggested awarding an award titled the "Grand Prix of the International Film Festival" with a new design each year from a contemporary artist. At the end of 1954, the Festival's Board of Directors invited several jewellers to submit designs for a palm, in tribute to the coat of arms of the City of Cannes. The original design by the jeweller Lucienne Lazon had the bevelled lower extremity of the stalk forming a heart, and the pedestal a sculpture in terracotta by the artist Sébastien.
In 1955, the first Palme d'Or was awarded to Delbert Mann for Marty, and it remained the highest award until 1964, when copyright issues with the Palme led the Festival to return to the Grand Prix. In 1975 the Palme d'Or was reintroduced and has since remained the symbol of the Cannes Film Festival, awarded every year to the director of the Best Feature Film of the Official Competition, and presented in a case of pure red Morocco leather lined with white suede.
As of 2012, Jane Campion remains the only woman to have won the Palme d'Or.
Since its reintroduction, the prize has been redesigned several times. At the beginning of the 1980s, the rounded shape of the pedestal, bearing the palm, gradually transformed to become pyramidal in 1984. In 1992, Thierry de Bourqueney redesigned the Palme and its pedestal in hand-cut crystal. The current design from 1997 is by Caroline Scheufele at Chopard. A single piece of cut crystal forms a cushion for the 24-carat gold palm, which is hand cast into a wax mould and presented in a case of blue Morocco leather.
Multiple award winners 
- Alf Sjöberg (1946, 1951)
- Francis Ford Coppola (1974, 1979)
- Bille August (1988, 1992)
- Emir Kusturica (1985, 1995)
- Shohei Imamura (1983, 1997)
- Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne (1999, 2005)
- Michael Haneke (2009, 2012)
Award winners 
* denotes first win
§ denotes unanimous win
See also 
- Golden Bear, the highest prize awarded at the Berlin Film Festival
- Golden Lion, the highest prize awarded at the Venice Film Festival
- "Awards at Cannes Film Festival: Golden Palm". The Internet Movie Database. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Awards at Cannes Film Festival: Grand Prize of the Festival". The Internet Movie Database. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "A Brief History of the Palme d'Or". Festival de Cannes. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- This particular Palme d'Or was awarded in retrospect at the 2002 festival. The festival's début was to take place in 1939, but it was cancelled due to World War II. The organisers of the 2002 festival presented part of the original 1939 selection to a professional jury of six members. The films were: Goodbye Mr. Chips, La piste du nord, Lenin in 1918, The Four Feathers, The Wizard of Oz, Union Pacific, and Boefje.
- Palme d'Or Winners, 1976 to present, by gross box-office.
- All the Palmes d'Or. Festival-cannes.com.
- Cannes Film Festival. IMDB.