Palmer Park (Detroit)

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Palmer Park
Merrill Humane Fountain in July 2013 - 10.jpg
Palmer Park's Merrill Humane Fountain, July 2013
Location Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates 42°25′35″N 83°07′05″W / 42.4263°N 83.1180°W / 42.4263; -83.1180
Area 296-acre (120 ha) [1]
Created 1895 [2]
Operated by City of Detroit
Open All year
Status Open

Palmer Park is a 296-acre (120 ha) public park in Detroit, Michigan's Palmer Park Apartment Building Historic District. It is named for U.S. Senator Thomas Witherell Palmer, who initially created the park when he donated 140-acre (57 ha) for a city park in 1893[1] on the condition that the virgin forest be preserved.[3] The park includes a historic log cabin, a public golf course, tennis courts, hiking and biking trails and a large pond known as Lake Frances.[1]

History[edit]

Palmer Park Casino, 1890-1901
Casino in Palmer Park, taken between 1890 and 1901

U.S. Senator Thomas Witherell Palmer donated 140-acre (57 ha) for a city park in 1893, on the condition that the virgin forest be preserved.[3][4] Palmer had inherited 80 acres from his grandfather, Michigan politician and Judge, James Witherell and, in his lifetime, expanded his holdings to 640 acres. Palmer continued to donate land throughout his life, and following his death, and that of his wife, his benefactors subdivided what became known as the Palmer Park Apartment Building Historic District, which is now a part of the National Register of Historic Places.[5][6] A total of 296-acre (120 ha) was allocated to Palmer Park.[1] The name Palmer that gave it, Log Cabin Park, did not stick and in 1897, the Detroit Common Council unanimously approved an ordinance to officially rename it Palmer Park.[7]

The park had a large white wooden casino, which burned down in May 1945.[6]

The city planned to close Palmer Park in 2010 due to budget constraints, but relented open after a public rally.[3]

Palmer Park Citizens Action Council[edit]

During the 1970s and early ’80s, the Palmer Park Citizens Action Council staged festivals, ran a CB radio patrol, and received several park-improvement grants.[3]

People for Palmer Park[edit]

People for Palmer Park is a nonprofit organization created in 2010 that, with the Detroit government's blessing, supports renovation and revitalization work in the park.[3][8] On June 24, 2012, the group partnered with the City of Detroit to open the Palmer Log Cabin to the public as part of a fundraiser to restore the structure.[9]

Palmer Park Golf Course[edit]

Palmer Park Golf Course is an 18-hole regulation length golf course within the park that hosts golf outings and tournaments through the Palmer Park Golf club. Since 1927, Palmer Park Golf Course has been home turf for many notable Detroit residents including Motown performers Marvin Gaye, The Temptations, Four Tops, and boxer Joe Louis. The course has a short layout that is mostly flat.[10][11]

Lake Frances[edit]

Lake Frances in the 1900s
Lake Frances, taken between 1900 and 1910

A man-made lake dotted with small islands and anchored by a miniature red-and-white lighthouse that was once lit with an oil lamp.[7] It was created at Senator Palmer's behest and named for his mother-in-law.[5]

The Recreation Department created a second lake west of the current site of the Splash Park, to use as a fish breeding pond. Beyond it to the west, was Lake Harold with an island called Inselruh and a waterfall called Pontiac Cascade. Local legend states that the great Chief Pontiac was buried near the site of the waterfall. In the 1950s, Lake Harold was filled with earth excavated during the construction of the Lodge Freeway.[6]

Merrill Humane Fountain[edit]

Merrill Fountain in July 2013
Merrill Humane Fountain in July 2013
Merrill Fountain in front of old Detroit Opera House
Merrill Humane Fountain, in front of the old Detroit Opera House

The Merrill Fountain was designed by the architectural firm of Carrère and Hastings and originally stood in front of the old Detroit Opera House in Campus Martius Park. Built in 1904 at a cost of US$1,000,000 ($26,248,148 in 2014),[5] it was named for Charles Merrill and dedicated by his daughter, Elizabeth Palmer.[4][12][13] As automobile traffic increased in downtown Detroit, the city’s elders decided to move the fountain to the Merrill Plaissance, at the far southern boundary of Palmer Park, in 1926.[14] The fountain functioned for one season in the park and then pipes broke.[6] It has been dry for over 50 years and suffered from theft of pieces and desctruction by vandals.[15]

The fountain is a white marble structure in the Italian Renaissance style. In the forefront is a circular pool leading up one level to another pool which is clover-shaped with three marble blocks in the center, each with a water spout. At the top of the fountain is an arch carved into cattails and water lilies over a niche containing a marble turtle straddled by two stylized fish. From the mouths of the figures water spouts lead to a vase-like pool beneath. Three steps lead from the clover-shaped pool to a balustrade on either side of the arch. The balusters are decorated with glyphs, four lion heads, and two gargoyles at the huge end posts; all of which spout water into the clover-shaped pool. Two scrolls dip from each post to the wall which surrounds the lower circular pool. Another small pool lies behind the arch and two small fountains hang off each end post of the balustrade.[4]

Palmer Log Cabin[edit]

Palmer Log Cabin in 1905
Palmer Log Cabin in 1905
The hall in Palmer Log Cabin in 1906

In 1885, U.S. Senator Thomas Witherell Palmer had the architecture firm of Mason & Rice design a rustic log cabin-style summer house on land which now compromises part of Palmer Park. The design was a gift for his wife, Lizzie Merrill Palmer, who was growing weary of the traffic, noise and crowds of the city. She wanted a retreat where she could live as people had in the early days: simply, peacefully, and on plenty of land. Construction on the cabin was complete in 1887. It sits near the bank of Lake Frances.[7] The Palmer Log Cabin was originally known as “Font Hill Log House.”[16]

The two-story log cabin is built from oak logs on a brick foundation. Wooden awnings shade the windows and two chimneys rise from each end of the house. Inside, red brick fireplaces warm the dining room on the north end and the parlor on the south end. The walls were once plastered, the floor is laid with white maple and walnut planks, and the grand staircase is carved from oak. The Palmers filled the Cabin with family heirlooms, souvenirs from Palmer’s stint as Ambassador to Spain, and relics meant to evoke Michigan’s pioneer days. Above the mantel was a flintlock pistol. Over the front door were elk antlers. Other items included James Witherell’s mahogany grandfather clock, built in 1787; a century-old Gelt V. Walker piano; leather buckets from the days of Detroit’s ”bucket brigade” fire department; spinning wheels; a Mexican saddle and spurs; a stuffed blue heron; an elk’s head; and various swords, snow-shoes and Indian bows and arrows. Family portraits and paintings of presidents hung on the walls. The cabin’s furniture had been used by generations of Palmers and Witherells; both Lizzie and Thomas’s childhood highchairs had a place in the dining room, and Judge Witherell had brought his hand-made dining room chairs from Vermont in 1808. In the parlor they kept a baby cradle from 1822 that Thomas Palmer and each of his 8 brothers and sisters slept in at some point. From the rafters hung bundles of herbs, dried fruit, corn, and a birch bark canoe.[7][17]

The Palmers were not ostentatious people, who enjoyed spending their summers at the log cabin and sharing it with their neighbors as well as friends and acquaintances from all over the nation.[17] In 1911, a writer for a horse-breeding gazette recalled that “there was no formality” at Log Cabin feasts; “Dinner,” he wrote, “was announced with an old tin horn.” Whenever a fellow Senator visited, Palmer asked him to plant a tree, from which he hung a brass plaque engraved with his name.[7]

For a period, the Log Cabin was a major tourist attraction, and in the summer visitors from all over the world thronged in for a look. It stayed open until 1979, when the city gave its artifacts to the Detroit Historical Society for safekeeping and closed the Log Cabin to the public.[3][7] It served a community center during the 1960s before it closed due to a lack of city funding.[9] On June 24, 2012, the group People for Palmer Park partnered with the City of Detroit to open the cabin to the public for only the second time since 1979,[3] as part of a fundraiser to restore the building's roof.[9]

Old Spanish Bell[edit]

Old Spanish Bell in Palmer Park
Old Spanish Bell in Palmer Park circa 1905

Near the western entrance to the Log Cabin is a large bell hanging — originally in a rustic wooden frame. This bell was designed and cast by Paula Gomez in Spain in 1793 and was taken to Mexico over 200 years ago. William A. Moore, Senator James McMillan and other friends of Senator Palmer raised funds to purchase the 1,015 pounds (460 kg) bell, as a gift, who in turn, presented it to the city.[6]

Palmer Park Splash Park[edit]

The Palmer Park Splash Park, the second splash park in Detroit, opened August 18, 2013 through a donation by Lear Corporation. The park is located just west of Woodward between Six and Seven Mile Roads, on what was once the grounds of an Olympic-size community swimming pool. It features colorful spouts that spray water from several directions. The park has motion censors programmed to turn the water on and off when the splash park opens and closes each day.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lacy, Eric (September 20, 2012). "Palmer Park competes for $50,000 prize to restore trails, historical markers on its 296 urban acres". MLive. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ Burton, M. Agnes. Thomas W. Palmer. Michigan Historical Commission. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Gustafson, Sven (April 2013). "Detroit's 'Other' Jewel". Hour Detroit. Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b c "Palmer Park". Michigan's Historic Sites Online. State of Michigan. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Michael, Jason A. (April 12, 2012). "Restoring the Park". Between the Lines (2015). Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "From Family Farm to Community Park". People for Palmer Park. May 15, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Bragg, Amy Elliott. "Log Cabin at Palmer Park". HistoricDetroit.org. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ "About People for Palmer Park". People for Palmer Park. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c Woods, Ashley (April 25, 2012). "Detroit's Last Remaining Log Cabin In Palmer Park Opens To Public On Michigan's Log Cabin Day". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ "About Palmer Park Golf Course". Palmer Park Golf Course. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Golf Courses". City of Detroit Recreation Department. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Palmer Park / Merrill Fountain". City of Detroit Planning and Development Department. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Detroit history at the DIA". The Night Train. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Merrill Fountain". detroit1701. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  15. ^ Austin, Dan. "Merrill Fountain". HistoricDetroit.org. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Unknown". Detroit Free Press. September 24, 1887. 
  17. ^ a b "A Day as a Guest At Senator Palmer’s Font Hill Log House and Famous Log Cabin Farm…". People for Palmer Park. June 24, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  18. ^ Fleming, Leonard N. (August 18, 2013). "Detroit opens splash park in Palmer Park neighborhood". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013.