Palmerston North (New Zealand electorate)

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Palmerston north electorate 2008.png

Palmerston North is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. The electorate was first formed for the 1890 election and was called Palmerston until 1938.

The current MP for Palmerston North is Iain Lees-Galloway[1] of the Labour Party. He has held this position since the 2008 election.

Population centres[edit]

In December 1887, the House of Representatives voted to reduce its membership from general electorates from 91 to 70. The 1890 electoral redistribution used the same 1886 census data used for the 1887 electoral redistribution. In addition, three-member electorates were introduced in the four main centres. This resulted in a major restructuring of electorates, and Palmerston was one of four electorates to be first created for the 1890 election.[2]

In its current incarnation, Palmerston North covers the most urbanised part of Palmerston North City, with the towns in its orbit such as Ashhurst and Linton being part of the neighbouring electorate of Rangitīkei. The section of the city on the south side of the Manawatu River that includes the main Massey University campus was moved into Rangitīkei, effective at the 2008 election; to counter this, the section of the city on the north side, including the suburb of Milson was moved in at the same time. Palmerston North reached its current size at the expense of the old Manawatu electorate in the lead up to the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting in 1996.

History[edit]

The electorate has been loyal to the Labour Party, not having elected a National MP since 1975, and having not re-elected a National MP since 1966.

The first representative of the Palmerston electorate was James Wilson.[3] Wilson previously represented the Foxton electorate until its abolition in 1890.[4] In the 1890 election, Wilson beat Frederick Pirani by 61 votes.[5] In the 1893 election, Wilson stood successfully in the Otaki electorate[3] and Palmerston was won by Pirani, who was confirmed in 1896 and 1899,[6] but defeated in 1902 when he contested the Hutt electorate.[7] In the 1899 election, Prime Minister Richard Seddon expressed his opposition to Pirani (who had previously stood for the Liberal Party) by endorsing William Thomas Wood, who came second that year.[5]

Wood was the successful candidate in the 1902 election, and he was confirmed in 1905.[8] The 1908 election was held under the Second Ballot Act, contested by three candidates. David Buick, Wood and W. Milverton received 2675, 2626 and 123 votes, respectively. As Buick did not receive an absolute majority, a second ballot was required.[9] Buick standing for the Reform Party was again successful in the second round of voting and was thus elected.[10] Buick was re-elected in 1911 and 1914, but died in office on 18 November 1918 during the influenza epidemic.[11]

Jimmy Nash, the sitting Mayor of Palmerston North, won the resulting by-election on 19 December 1918.[12] Nash was confirmed at the next five general elections,[12] but was defeated in the 1935 election by Joe Hodgens of the Labour Party in an election also contested by the then mayor, Augustus Edward Mansford.[13] Hodgens had previously contested the electorate in the 1922 and 1931 elections. He retired from the electorate at the 1946 election due to the deteriorating health of his wife.[13]

The 1946 election was contested between Ormond Wilson for Labour and Mansford, whose relationship with the National Party was strained, since his 1935 election campaign had contributed to the defeat of Nash. Mansford failed to get nominated by the National Party for the 1938 and 1943 elections. So in 1946, the National Party decided not to stand a candidate, with Mansford running as an Independent. Wilson obtained a majority of 928 votes.[14]

Wilson lost the subsequent election in 1949 against Blair Tennent of the National Party.[15][16] Tennent was confirmed at the subsequent election, but then lost against the Labour candidate, Philip Skoglund, in the 1954 election.[16] Skoglund contested the 1957 election against Bill Brown of the National Party and was confirmed by the voters. However, in the 1960 election, Brown beat Skoglund by the narrow majority of 123 votes. At the 1963 election, Brown had a 772 vote majority to Skoglund. The 1966 election was contested by Brown against Labour's Joe Walding, with Brown holding a 259 vote majority. Brown died in office on 16 October 1967 at a function in Kaiapoi.[17]

The resulting 1967 by-election was contested by five candidates: Walding (Labour Party), Gordon Cruden (National Party), John O'Brien (Social Credit Party), Goldingham (Progress) and P. J. Wedderspoon (Democratic Labour). Walding obtained a majority of 592 votes.[18] Walding represented the Palmerston North electorate until the 1975 election, when he was defeated by John Lithgow, and from 1978 to 1981. Six months prior to the 1981 election, he announced his retirement from Parliament.[18]

The Labour nomination was hotly contested and Trevor de Cleene, a good friend of Walding, was the most experienced candidate who put his name forward for selection, and despite concerns about his often controversial nature, he was nominated by the party. The candidate put forward by National was his old foe Brian Elwood, with whom he had worked on the Palmerston North City Council for many years, and against whom he lost the mayoralty contest in 1974. Elwood and de Cleene received 8315 and 10425 votes, respectively (representing 35.7% and 48.5% of the vote), with de Cleene thus entering Parliament in 1981.[19] De Cleene won the 1984 election, called early by Robert Muldoon, with an increased majority over National's candidate, C G Singleton.[19] In the 1987 election, de Cleene raised his share of the vote to 56.2%, defeating National's Paul Curry. He did not seek re-election in the 1990 election.[19]

Iain Lees-Galloway was selected by the Labour Party as successor to retiring MP Steve Maharey, who became Vice Chancellor of Massey University, in a contested Labour Party selection for the 2008 election.[20] Lees-Galloway defeated the National Party candidate, Malcolm Plimmer, with a majority of 1,117 votes.[21] In the 2011 election, Lees-Galloway was confirmed with an increased majority of 3,285 votes, defeating National's Leonie Hapeta.[22]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1890 election James Wilson
1893 election Frederick Pirani
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election William Wood
1905 election
1908 election David Buick
1911 election
1914 election
1918 by-election Jimmy Nash
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election Joe Hodgens
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Ormond Wilson
1949 election Blair Tennent
1951 election
1954 election Philip Skoglund
1957 election
1960 election Bill Brown
1963 election
1966 election
1967 by-election Joe Walding
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election John Lithgow
1978 election Joe Walding (2nd period)
1981 election Trevor de Cleene
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Steve Maharey
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Iain Lees-Galloway
2011 election

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General Election 2011: Palmerston North[23]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Iain Lees-Galloway 16,525 51.32 +4.50 11,194 33.88 -6.80
National Leonie Hapeta 13,240 41.12 -2.43 14,577 44.12 +3.46
Green Corrina Tucker 1,485 4.61 +0.19 3,469 10.50 +3.99
Conservative Andrew Marquet 675 2.10 +2.10 997 3.02 +3.02
ACT Daniel Stratton 167 0.52 -0.71 245 0.74 -1.99
United Future Sultan Eusoff 109 0.34 -0.42 210 0.64 -0.60
NZ First   1,870 5.66 +1.61
Māori   168 0.51 -0.20
Legalise Cannabis   157 0.48 +0.07
Mana   94 0.28 +0.28
Alliance   23 0.07 +0.02
Libertarianz   19 0.06 +0.01
Democratic   15 0.05 +0.03
Informal votes 667 230
Total Valid votes 32,201 33,038
Labour hold Majority 3,285 10.20 +6.93

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 43,524[24]

2008 election[edit]

General Election 2008: Palmerston North[25]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Iain Lees-Galloway 15,977 46.82 14,108 40.68
National Malcolm Plimmer 14,860 43.55 14,103 40.66
Green Lawrence O'Halloran 1,509 4.42 2,258 6.51
NZ First Graham Odering 658 1.93 1,404 4.05
ACT Kevin Dittmer 420 1.23 948 2.73
Progressive Debbie Lucas 261 0.76 408 1.18
United Future Frank Owen 259 0.76 430 1.24
Independent Grant Seton 107 0.31
Independent Arshad Chatha 74 0.22
Bill and Ben   338 0.97
Māori   247 0.71
Legalise Cannabis   139 0.40
Kiwi   117 0.34
Family Party   89 0.26
Pacific   37 0.11
Alliance   16 0.05
Libertarianz   16 0.05
Workers Party   12 0.03
Democratic   6 0.02
RONZ   4 0.01
RAM   2 0.01
Informal votes 341 159
Total Valid votes 34,125 34,682
Labour hold Majority 1,117 3.27


2005 election[edit]

General Election 2005: Palmerston North[26]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Steve Maharey 17,263 53.87 14,642 44.98
National Malcolm Plimmer 11,763 36.71 11,943 36.69
Green Lawrence O'Hallorahan 1,141 3.56 2116 6.50
NZ First Graham Odering 853 2.66 1673 5.14
United Future Gary Pedersen 627 1.96 1,071 3.29
Progressive Dawn Patchett 251 0.78 370 1.14
Independent Archard Chatha 147 0.46
ACT   285 0.88
Māori   161 0.49
Destiny   116 0.36
Legalise Cannabis   59 0.18
Christian Heritage   49 0.15
Libertarianz   18 0.06
Alliance   14 0.04
99 MP   10 0.03
One NZ   7 0.02
Democratic   6 0.02
Direct Democracy   6 0.02
RONZ   4 0.01
Family Rights   2 0.01
Informal votes 276 105
Total Valid votes 35,460 35,983
Labour hold Majority 5,500 17.16

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Palmerston[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal Frederick Pirani 1,980 48.49 -2.30
Liberal William Thomas Wood 1,465 35.88
Opposition David Buick 638 15.63 -33.58
Majority 515 12.61 +11.03
Turnout 4,083 76.32 -2.90
Registered electors 5,350

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Iain Lees-Galloway". New Zealand Parliament. 
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 54ff.
  3. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 157.
  5. ^ a b Oliver, Steven (22 June 2007). "Pirani, Frederick 1858–1926". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  7. ^ "Untitled". The Evening Post LXIV (131). 29 November 1902. p. 6. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  9. ^ "Palmerston". Wanganui Herald. XXXXIII (12621). 18 November 1908. p. 5. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "In other Districts". Nelson Evening Mail. Volume XLII, 25 November 1908. p. 2. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  11. ^ "David Buick : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1908–1918" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  13. ^ a b Atkinson, Neill. "Hodgens, Joseph - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  14. ^ Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "George Hamish Ormond Wilson : Member of Parliament for Rangitikei 1935–1938 Palmerston North 1946–1949" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Retrieved 26 December 2011. 
  15. ^ Paul, Janet. "Wilson, George Hamish Ormond - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  16. ^ a b Pilkington, Dorothy. "Tennent, William Blair - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 21 October 2011. 
  17. ^ Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "George Hamish Ormond Wilson : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1960–67" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  18. ^ a b Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "Joseph Albert Walding : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1967–1975 1978–1981" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Retrieved 25 December 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "Trevor Albert De Cleene : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1981–1990" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  20. ^ Dykes, Mervyn (29 April 2009). "Man about the House". Manawatu Standard. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  21. ^ "Official Count Results -- Palmerston North". Chief Electoral Officer. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  22. ^ "Official Count Results -- Palmerston North". Chief Electoral Officer. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  23. ^ 2011 election results
  24. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  25. ^ 2008 election results
  26. ^ election result Palmerston North 2005
  27. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]