|Comune di Palmi|
|Province||Reggio Calabria (RC)|
|• Mayor||Giovanni Barone (PdL)|
|• Total||31.8 km2 (12.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||228 m (748 ft)|
|Population (January 2009)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Palmi (Italian pronunciation: ['palmi]; Sicilian-Calabrian dialect: Pàrmi, Latin: Palmae) is a comune (municipality) of about 19,303 inhabitants in the province of Reggio Calabria in Calabria. It is the second largest municipality by population in the province and the seat of the district which includes 33 municipalities with a population of about 170,000 inhabitants.
With the nearby beaches of Marina di Palmi and Lido Palmi, the seaside resort town is a fast growing tourist thanks to its beautiful scenery that brought writers and poets to define the Terrace of the Strait. In light of this, a large part of the area (including the entire coastal area and the mount Sant'Elia), are bound by the Ministerial Decree of 22 July 1968, Law 1497/39, as a "recognized that the area above has significant public interest because, for its beautiful and varied views, for the incomparable scenic beauty surrounded by olive trees and the beautiful cliffs degrading stretches of sea, is a natural setting of outstanding beauty enjoyable along the coastal area."
In addition to being the main administrative center, office and school of the Tyrrhenian coast of the province of Reggio Calabria, Palmi was also an important agricultural and commercial center and a bishopric.
For centuries, the city is also one of the most important cultural centers of Calabria in the literary, musical, historical and archaeological giving birth, among other things, the famous composer Francesco Cilea, and the writer Leonida Repaci and hosting on its municipal the museum complex of the "Casa della Cultura" and the "Archaeological Park of Tauriani" on the ruins of the ancient city of "Taureanum".
Also in Palmi two holidays are celebrated national importance. The two events are the holyday of Saint Roch, with the "procession of Spinati" and the Varia di Palmi, for which was initiated proceedings for recognition by UNESCO as "intangible heritage of humanity".
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Sites and monuments of historical and artistic interest
- 4 Demographic evolution
- 5 Economy
- 6 Points of interest
- 7 Notable People
- 8 Twin towns
- 9 Infrastructure and Transport
- 10 Culture
- 11 References
- 12 External links
From the 4th century BC and up to 10th century, in the municipality developed on the city of Tauriana before Brettia and Roman. The latter was in 951, which was destroyed by the troops of the Emir Palermo Hasan Ibn Ali, for failure tribute owed by the Byzantines to which belonged the extreme southern Italy. Fleeing, the part of Taurianensi dedicated to traffic and the arts seamanship chose and planted the upper part of the coast, between Monte Aulinas and the river Metaurus, in district De Palmis where there were houses of the Tauriani.
The small town, hamlet of Seminara and feudal lords of the latter, was hit again in the course of centuries by Saracen pirates until, in 1549, after the devastation of the last feudal lord Duke Charles Spinelli decided to fortify it. In this way, the city took on a rectangular shape and was surrounded by walls with four imposing towers which stood extremes. In that century, the city grew in importance attracting all the maritime trade of the southern coast of Calabria.
Independent of Seminara in 1632 in the 17th century, the city developed urbanistically and economically thanks to the commercial activity of its inhabitants and the foresight of the Marquis Andrea Arena Concublet that instituted a "fair". The walls to the east fell gradually to allow the coupling to the new agglomerations were to be formed as a result of population growth. Also in 17th century the urban fabric focused around a node formed by the new "Market Square".
In the 18th century Palmi crossed one of the most flourishing periods of its history, until 1783, when it was hit by an earthquake which resulted in 1,400 deaths. The reconstruction of the city took part following the plan prepared by Ing. G. De Cosiron.
The city was placed in the capital of the district in 1806. In 1860 took the landing of Giuseppe Garibaldi and his expedition of the Thousand to Marina di Palmi, and the event had put to flight the large garrison Bourbon in town. With 'Unification of Italy, the district was repealed and the city was placed at the head of the district of Palmi (abolished in 1927).
In 1894, the city was the epicenter of an earthquake. Despite the power of the shock and the great ruins that produced, the number of deaths was only eight, of this was due to a condition referred to as miraculous, which coincided with the history of the miracle of Our Lady of Mount Carmel Palmi.
In 1908 Palmi was almost totally destroyed by the violent earthquake of December 28, which resulted only in the Calabrian town about 600 deaths. The town was rebuilt on a project. Pucci stavolgendo almost completely urban planning of the past centuries. The reconstruction, which involved the entire first half of the 20th century, made the pleasant appearance of the city, with the uniformity of the volumes, with the taste neoclassical of the new buildings and the construction of monuments and works of art.
World War II saw the urban development in the field of tertiary putting Palmi as the main administrative center, office and school of the Tyrrhenian coast of the province through the establishment of secondary schools, facilities of the armed forces, health facilities and judicial offices and other public and private entities.
In 199] was established by the Province of Reggio Calabria, the Environment of the Plain, renamed in 2008 district of Palmi.
Territory and Natural environment
Much of the territory is formed by a series of terraced hills that rapidly degrade the sea through a system of cliffs, small beaches and cliffs. The remaining part of the municipal area is made up, to the south by mount Sant'Elia and to the north-west by a flat area on which stand the districts comprising the seaside Lido di Palmi.
In addition the municipality, to the north, extending to the second flat area amplitude of Calabria to take, among others, the name of flat of Palmi.
The main waterway is the river that marks the border Petrace north-east of the township, the resort Pontevecchio to its mouth on the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The most westerly tip is called Cape Barbi, and from this promontory starts the Violet Coast. The name comes from the fact that the sea, a short distance from the coast, reaches great depths by placing the water a deep blue color that the sun, at sunset (between May and September), color with violet reflections. A little further south is the Cape Motta.
The whole coast of Palmi, in which are located the bay of the Marinella and the bay of Tonnara, is enriched with marine and coastal caves and reefs. Among the first are the "grotto of the Sirens", the "cave dell'Arcudace" and the "cave Perciata" while the rocks are the main stumbling "block Trachini", "Stone Galera", "the rock island" and "reefs Agliastro". Among the latter is the famous rock of the Olive, which is a rock on top of which is grown in the past centuries, an olive tree.
|Climate data for Palmi|
|Record high °C (°F)||23.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||9.9
|Record low °C (°F)||−4.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||119.4
|Avg. precipitation days||12||10||9||7||5||3||2||2||5||9||10||13||88|
|Source: Centro Funzionale Multirischi della Calabria|
Sites and monuments of historical and artistic interest
Churches and Cathedrals
- The Cathedral of St. Nicholas, the city's cathedral and co-cathedral of the Diocese of Oppido Mamertina-Palmi. The building is in the romanesque style and its interior preserves a painting of the eighteenth century of Our Lady of the Sacred Letter and the relic of the Sacred Hair.
- The Church of the Our Lady of the help, in the late baroque style, was remodeled in the twentieth century. Inside is a statue of the Our Lady of the help, dating back to the eighteenth century.
- The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, in baroque style, is listed among the assets of the Calabria region bound for the artistic beauty which keeps inside. In the building there is the miraculous statue of the Our Lady of Mount Carmel, dating back to the eighteenth century.
- The Church of the Holy Cross, in Baroque style, is the oldest place of worship in the historic center and is also bound as a "well of artistic and historic interest" by the Ministry of Cultural Heritage. Inside it is placed on the high altar, a wooden crucifix of the seventeenth century.
- The Church of Saint Elias, modern church on the top of the mountain and built in the area where, since the year 884, there were built many houses of worship with convents outbuildings, including a church built by the Saint Elias of Enna. Inside are statues of Our Lady of the Mountains and Saint Elias the Prophet.
- The Temple of Saint Fantino, monastic complex of 1857 turned into a museum. The temple is the nineteenth-century church, the ruins of a church from 1552, from tombs, and the crypt of Saint Fantino, place of Christian worship oldest of Calabria.
- The Church of Mary Immaculate and Saint Roch, modern architecture built on the site where once there were two churches separate the Immaculate Conception and the Saint Roch. It houses the statues, much venerated by the people of the two saints.
- The Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, in the romanesque style, its interior contains the venerated statue of Saint Anthony of Padua.
- The Holy Family Church, an example of modern architecture, was designed by architects Flavio Bruna, Aimaro Oreglia d'Isola and Saverio Isola.
- The Adoration Church, the modern church known as "church Oratorio", preserves an ancient painting of Our Lady of the Rosary.
The House of Culture Leonida Repaci, is a modern multi-purpose museum. Its construction began in 1968 by the will of the municipal administration of the time and under the auspices of Giacomo Mancini, then Minister of Public Works. The building was inaugurated on 17 January 1982 and named after the local writer Leonida Repaci in November 1984. The property has an area of over 2,000 m² and inside there is a modern auditorium in which they are held conferences and meetings. Its construction was funded by the Region of Calabria, designed by technicians of the Superintendency of Public Works of Catanzaro and built by local craftsmen. In the House of Culture are located: the gallery " Leonida and Albertina Repaci", the ethnographic museum "Raffaele Corso", the library "Domenico Topa", the antiquarium "Nicola De Rosa", the museum music "Francesco Cilea and Nicola Antonio Manfroce", the plaster casts "Michele Guerrisi", the State Archives of Reggio Calabria - Section of Palmi.
The economy Palmes is active mainly in the tertiary sector. A Palmi has established a Court of Assize, courts, prosecution, prison, Commissioner of Police, Carabinieri Command, Control Company of the Financial Police, Local Police and Municipal Police Command, Subsection Highway Traffic Police, Judiciary Police, Prison Police, Detachment Fire Department, Inland Revenue, State Archives section, seats INAIL, INPS, ASL, general hospital, railway station and a station of the State Railways of Calabria, home of ENEL, SNAM. ANAS, TELECOM, including several banks, several offices and several schools, a high school science, a grammar school, a high school language, a School of Social Sciences, a socio-psycho-educational secondary school, a vocational school, a Technical and Commercial Institute, Agricultural Technical Institute and Institute of Arts, making it one of the leading educational centers of the province, with a high rate of commuting by municipalities in Palmi.
Points of interest
One of the special attractions is the "rock of the olive," with its distinctive olive tree at the top of the rock in the sea.
The War Memorial in Piazza Matteotti, in marble and bronze by Michele Guerrisi and reliefs, the same sculptor, decorating the Mausoleum of Francesco Cilea.
Of interest are the environmental landscape and Lido di Palmi, the fraction Taureana, where surviving 18th-century rural buildings and the remains of a watchtower of the 16th century, the town Mount Sant'Elia with a pine forest, 7 km (4 mi) from the center of Palmi, where you can admire the Tyrrhenian coast from Capo Vaticano Nicotera in Stretto di Messina, including Isole Eolie and Vulcan Etna.
Infrastructure and Transport
Roads and highways
- Autostrada A3 (Salerno-Reggio Calabria), through the junctions of Palmi and Sant'Elia.
- Strada Statale 18 Tirrena Inferiore across the entire municipality and the city center.
The football is the most popular sport in Palmi. The football team is the main U.S. Palmese 1912 that in the past he played for five seasons in the league of level III (now Lega Pro Prima Divisione and former Serie C1) missing, among other things, the playoffs in 1935 for access to the Serie B. Throughout its history, the Palmese has faced, in official matches of the season, emblazoned formations such as Reggina Calcio, Calcio Catania, AS Bari, Messina and U.S. Lecce, managing to get some prestigious results. Among them are the 0-1 victory in Bari, the home win against Catania 1-0 and always some victories against Reggina (at home with the results of 7-0 and 5-0 and at the Stadio Oreste Granillo of Reggio Calabria with the results of 0-4 and 2-4). In addition, in 1934, Palmese has played in Palmi two friendlies against AS Roma and AC Fiorentina.
In road cycling, May 25, 1982 Palmi was home to start the eleventh stage of the Giro d'Italia 1982. The city is crossed by the caravan of the Giro d'Italia in other eleven editions. The first in 1930 and the last in 1989. In addition Palmi has been home to start, or passage, numerous editions of the Giro di Calabria and, above all, the Giro della Provincia di Reggio Calabria. On the ascent of Mount Saint Elias, often decisive stretch of the race for the final victory of the race, in the past the biggest names in Italian cycling gave the show in climbing to the summit. These included: Fausto Coppi, Gino Bartali, Felice Gimondi, Fiorenzo Magni, Francesco Moser, Gastone Nencini and Vittorio Adorni.
- Militano Agresta, Enza (2013). Storia di Palmi (illustrata). Reggio Calabria: Creative Print di
- All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
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