Palpimanidae

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Palpimanidae
Anisaedus.levii.diagnostic.drawings.svg
Anisaedus levii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Palpimanoidea
Family: Palpimanidae
Thorell, 1870
Genera

see text

Diversity
15 genera, 127 species
Distribution.palpimanidae.1.png

The Palp-footed spiders (Palpimanidae) are a spider family with about 130 described species in 15 genera. Instead of the normal six, Palpimanidae have only two spinnerets. Their first legs are greatly enlarged.[1] All species produce ecribellate silk.[2] Palpimanidae have six eyes, a red cephalothorax, very strong first legs, which are raised while moving. At least Palpimanus gibbulus lives in leaf litter or under stones in dry soils.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Species of this family occur in South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, China, with a few species in the Mediterranean and one in Uzbekistan.

Genera[edit]

The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Platnick 1975
  2. ^ Griswold et al. 1999
  3. ^ ARACNIS - Palpimanidae
  • Platnick, N.I. (1975): A revision of the palpimanid spiders of the new subfamily Otiothopinae (Araneae, Palpimandae). American Museum novitates 2562. PDF - Abstract
  • Griswold, C.E., Coddington, J.A., Platnick, N.I. and Forster, R.R. (1999): Towards a Phylogeny of Entelegyne Spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27: 53-63. PDF
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.

Further reading[edit]

  • Platnick, N.I. (1978): A new Otiothops from Colombia (Araneae, Palpimanidae). J. Arachnol. 5: 179-180. PDF (O. kochalkai)
  • Platnick, N.I. (1985): On the Chilean spiders of the family Palpimanidae (Arachnida, Araneae). J. Arachnol. 13: 399-400. PDF
  • Platnick, N.I., Grismado, C.J. & Ramírez, M.J. (1999): On the genera of the spider subfamily Otiothopinae (Araneae, Palpimanidae). American Museum novitates 3257. PDF - Abstract
  • Grismado, C.J. (2002): Palpimanid spiders from Guyana: New species of the genera Fernandezina and Otiothops (Araneae, Palpimanidae, Otiothopinae). Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 92: 3. PDF - HTML - doi:10.1590/S0073-47212002000300002

External links[edit]