|Founded||September 27, 1978|
|• Mayor||Rusdi Mastura|
|• Total||395.06 km2 (152.53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||118 m (387 ft)|
|• Density||850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WITA (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC (UTC+8)|
|Website||Pemerintah Kota Palu|
Palu is a chartered city (kota) on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, 1,650 kilometres (1,030 miles) northeast of Jakarta, at Coordinates: , at the mouth of Palu River. It is the capital of the province of Central Sulawesi of a long, narrow bay. Because of its sheltered position between mountain ridges, the climate is unusually dry. At the 2010 Census Palu had a population of around 336,300, not including those living in neighbouring regencies.
CIA air raids
In April 1958 during the Permesta rebellion in North Sulawesi, the USA supported and supplied the rebels. Pilots from a CIA Taiwan-based front organisation, Civil Air Transport, flying CIA B-26 Invader aircraft, repeatedly bombed and machine-gunned targets in and around Palu; destroying vehicles, buildings, a bridge and a ship.
On 24 January 2005 at 04:10 (UTC+8), an earthquake with magnitude 6.2 Richter scale occurred in the city. According to the local meteorological office, the hypocenter of the earthquake was around 1.249° S, 119.922° E, some 16 kilometres (10 miles) southeast of Palu at the depth of 30 kilometres (19 miles) of Bora Village's hot spring, Biromaru sub-district, Donggala Regency. Panic ensued as most people sought refuge in the highlands for fear of a repeat disaster like the tsunami as occurred in Aceh. The earthquake killed one person, injured four others, and destroyed 177 buildings.
2005 market bombing
On 31 December 2005 at about 07:35 (UTC +8) a bomb blast at a market at a stall selling pork killed eight people and injured 45 others. An improvised explosive device, described as a nail bomb or similar, detonated around 07:00 in a butcher's market mostly frequented by Christian Minahasa shopping for New Year's Eve celebrations, killing eight people and wounding another 53.
Palu is served by Mutiara Airport, which is located outside the city center.
Indonesia Open Paragliding Championship
Indonesia Open Paragliding Championship is one of the world championship series which it was the first Indonesia Open held in the region on 19–25 June 2011. 78 paragliders taking part in the championship from Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Russia, South Korea and Switzerland competed at Wayu village (the Matantimali hills, 800 masl) about 30 kilometres (19 miles) from Palu.
Sun total eclipse
Sun total eclipse is very rare. On March 9, 2016 the sun total eclipse will through Palu. Palu is the best location to see sun total eclipse which the sun total eclipse will happen in 2 minutes 50 seconds as the longest in the world and Palu weather is predicted clear at the moment. In end 2014, researchers and some enthusiatic tourists have booked hotels and locations to see the eclipse.
- http://sulteng.bps.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=126&Itemid=31[dead link]
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- Conboy, Kenneth; Morrison, James (1999). Feet to the Fire CIA Covert Operations in Indonesia, 1957–1958. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. pp. 101, 105, 116, 118, 121. ISBN 1-55750-193-9.
- "Indonesian quake causes panic". BBC News. 24 January 2005.
- "EO Natural Hazards: Earthquake in Sulawesi".
- "Indonesia bomb leaves eight dead". BBC News. 31 December 2005.
- "Bombing kills eight at Indonesian market". USA Today. Associated Press. 31 January 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "At least eight killed in Indonesia market blast". CTV.ca News. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "Indonesian police detain man after market bombing". ABC Australia. Reuters. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- Maruli, Aditia (2011-06-18). "Indonesia hosts paragliding open championship in Palu". Antara News.
- Rustam Aji (December 16, 2014). "Gerhana Matahari Total 2016 di Indonesia Siap Dijual lewat Paket Wisata".
Media related to Palu at Wikimedia Commons
- (Indonesian) Official site
- (Indonesian) Step! Magz, Palu Youth Movement Magazine