The Palugvik site is located on the rocky shore of Hawkins Island, just west of the city of Cordova. The major feature of the site is a shell midden, and was at a somewhat higher elevation at the time of its human occupation. Since that time, the site has subsided, and was recorded in the 1960s as being about 30 centimetres (12 in) below the mean high tide level for the area.
The first major archaeological survey of Prince William Sound was conducted in the 1930s by pioneering archaeologist Frederica de Laguna, at which time she led a major excavation at Palugvik. The shell midden, when first examined, measured about 16 metres (52 ft) by 32 metres (105 ft), with a deposit depth of 180 centimetres (71 in) to 240 centimetres (94 in), but this size has been greatly reduced due to erosion. The site also includes fragmented remnants of a residence, burial sites, and other artifacts. The evidence gathered dates the site from c. 500 BCE to the European contact period. The 1930 excavations yielded about 1100 artifacts. It also yielded information about the diet and hunting habits of the inhabitants, which including a significant marine diet of fish, several species of whale, as well as land-based fauna including marmot.
^ ab"Palugvik Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
^ abcPeregrine, Peter Neal et al (eds) (2001). Encyclopedia of Prehistory, Volume 6. Springer Science and Business Media. pp. 82–83. ISBN9780306462566.
^ abcYarborough, Michael; Yarborough, Lynn (1998). "Prehistoric Maritime Adaptations of Prince William Sound and the Pacific Coast of the Kenai Peninsula". Arctic Anthropology (Volume 35, No. 1): 132–145. JSTOR40316460.