Palwal district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Palwal.
Palwal district
पलवल जिला
District of Haryana
Location of Palwal district in Haryana
Location of Palwal district in Haryana
Country India
State Haryana
Headquarters Palwal
Tehsils 1. Palwal, 2. Hodal, 3. Hathin
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Faridabad (shared with Faridabad district)
 • Assembly seats 4
Area
 • Total 1,359 km2 (525 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,040,493
 • Density 770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Urban 235,663
Demographics
 • Literacy 70.32%
 • Sex ratio 879
Major highways 2(NH-2), KMP Expressway.
Average annual precipitation 60-100 mm
Website Official website

Palwal district (Hindi: पलवल जिला) is the 21st district of Haryana state in northern India. Palwal city is the headquarters of this district.

The city is situated at a distance of 60 km from Delhi on the Delhi-Mathura highway (NH-2). The latitude of the town is 28° 40' N and longitude is 76° 59' E. The area of town is 22.10 km².[1]

It is a place of great antiquity, supposed to figure in the earliest Aryan traditions under the name of Apelava, part of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, which was later restored by Vikramaditya.[2]

Geography[edit]

Palwal is located at 28°09′N 77°20′E / 28.15°N 77.33°E / 28.15; 77.33.[3] It has an average elevation of 195 metres (639 ft).

Palwal consists many temples, Schools, Collage, banks as regard of the infrastructure facilities. It also contains developed areas like Housing board colony, New colony, Main market, shivapuri, Krishna colony, camp colony, Huda sector 2, etc. Government is also putting more emphases toward the economy and development of Palwal as it is situated in mid of developed cities like Delhi, Gurgone, Noida, Faridabad, Mathura at and about an equiv-distance, It consist agriculture based areas as well as commercials areas.

History[edit]

Ancient times[edit]

The city Palwal got its name from a demon, "Palwasur" who ruled this place during the reign of Pandavas. He was killed by Balarama, elder brother of Shri Krishna. In his memory, every year a festival is organised in palwal which is known as "Baldev Chhat Ka Mela". There is also a temple dedicated to Balaram near Municipal Office chowk. Railway Station of Palwal is the place from where Mahatma Gandhi ji were arrested first time. A historical building "Gandhi Ashram" was made in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi
Syed Yusuf Ali Palwali was a noble and rich man from Palwal during the short ruling period of Muhammad Azam Shah and died along with Muhammad Azam Shah on 19 June 1707 at the battle of Jajuwan.[4][5]

In the 17th century, Khan Mohammad from Palwal married his daughter with Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad. Similarly, the son of Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad, Mohammad Baqar, was married to Sultan Bibi from Palwal. The daughter of Mohammad Baqar, 'Khairun Nisan' was also married in Palwal to Mohammad Ikram ibn Sultan Mohammad (alias Qazi Mian of Palwal). The daughter of 'Khairun Nisan' and Mohmmad Ikram namely 'Noorun Nisan' was married with Mohammad Mureeed, son of Qazi Syed Hayatullah. Qazi Syed Mohammad Rafi also married in Palwal with Fazal Nisan, daughter of Mohammad Saeed ibn Mohammad Hussain ibn Maulana Abul Khair. These intermarriages show how deep relations were there between Palwal and Sakras.

Palwal part of Punjab Province in 1903.

British Period[edit]

During the British period, Palwal was a part of the Punjab Province and a part of Gurgaon district.
Many persons from Palwal participated in the 1857 revolt against the British forces. Hayat Ali and Khairat Ali were martyred along with 17 people from Palwal only. Hayat Ali after arrest from his house was taken to Delhi and hanged. All male members of his family were ordered to be hanged. Large number of arrest warrants were issued. Interestingly, Tahsildar Palwal impersonate as Bangle seller like a Political decoy, went to the house of Hayat Ali, and saved Nazeer Ali (the grandson of Hayat Ali), who was merely 2 years old, inside a basket fully covered by bangles. He then left the child in the jungles of Nageena near Palwal. Ladies from the family of Hayat Ali, followed him, took the child from jungles and with cautious ultimately reached Tijara. Amongst the 17 people who were hanged in Palwal included the son-in-law of Hayat Ali, whose name was Iradat Ali bin Rustam Ali. When British forces chased the other family members from Pinangwan. The brother of Iradat Ali from Pinangwan, namely Karamat Ali could able to survive his life and ran away to Tijara. He latterly changed his name to ‘Zamin Ali’.[6] gf

Post-independence[edit]

On 15 August 1979, Gurgaon district was further divided to form a new Faridabad district, and Palwal became a part of it.[7] Finally Palwal became the 21st district of Haryana on 15 August 2008.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Palwal district has a population of 1,040,493,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[9] or the US state of Rhode Island.[10] This gives it a ranking of 436rd in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 761 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,970 /sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.49%.[8] Palwal has a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 70.3%.[8]

As of 2011 India census,[11] Palwal city had a population of 235663 . Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Palwal has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 65%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 67%. In Palwal, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age. Palwal is the most progressive District in the State of Haryana.

Education[edit]

Palwal is famous for its schools. There are many school which landmark in development and economy of Palwal. Some of the famous schools are-

Schools[edit]

  • JLJ Concept School, Mitrol, Palwal [1]
  • Dharam Public School Rly Road Palwal
  • Govt Senior Secondary School Khambi(Haryana)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Karna, Palwal
  • St. John's Baptist Public School
  • Govt. Boys Sr. Sec School
  • SPS International Academy
  • D.G.Khan Hindu Sr.Sec. School
  • Swami Vivekanand sr. sec. School
  • Sanskrit vidyapeeth, gadpuri
  • Govt. High School Kulena
  • SVN Sr. sec. School Kulena
  • JLM Sr. Sec. School Kulena
  • GOVT Model Sanskriti School Dhatir (School established by an act of parliament. 2007)
  • Saraswati Senior Secondary School
  • Haryana Senior Secondary school
  • Golaya Progressive School
  • Delhi Public School
  • Sheffield Academy Day Care and Play School
  • DAV Public School
  • Tagore academy public school
  • KCM World School Palwal
  • KCM School Banchari
  • KCM Primary School Hassanpur
  • KCM Primary School Hodal
  • govt. ser.sec devli.
  • Swami Vivekanand Sr.Sec School Pelak
  • govt.se.sec.school bamnikhera, palwal
  • RJL PUBLIC SCHOOL MANDNAKA PALWAL
  • Govt. Ser.Sec Pelak.
  • SWEET ANGELS SR.SEC.SCHOOL,PALWAL
  • JEEVAN JYOTI SR.SEC.SCHOOL,PALWAL
  • DHARAM PUBLIC SCHOOL,PALWAL

Colleges[edit]

There are many other which are making their presence notable on many times.
Palwal is the upcoming educational hub in the state. With more than a dozen engineering colleges, management institutes and degree colleges the palwal district is providing a high class educational contribution to the young blood of the country.
Some of the colleges in the city are:-
1 L.R. INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & MANAGEMENT VILL. DEEGHOT PALWAL MOB. 9812995125,26

2 lord krishna college near sarswati college

3.DCTM Delhi College of Technology & Management
4.Gopal Sharma Modern Vidya Niketan Institute of Engineering and Technology - GSMVNIET
5.Les Filles MVN Institute of Engineering & Technology
6.NGF College of Engineering And Technology
7.Saraswati College
8.Shri Ram College of Engineering & Management
9.GGD SD College, Palwal (Mahesh Sharma)
10.Applied college of mgt.& engineering.
11.RITM College of Engineering & Technology
12.AITM Advanced institute of tech. & mgmt.
13.RITM Rattan institute of tech. & mgmt.
14.SCET Satya College of Engineering and Technology.

In regard of education Palwal is in lime light for student. There are about 17 Engineering collages situated with in the limits of Palwal.

Transport[edit]

Railway[edit]

There are many trains available from Palwal. Nearest Railway station is Palwal Railway Station. There are many trains available for Delhi. Recently Rail minister started ladies special trains between Palwal and Delhi. There are also many super fast trains available for long distance journeys. Mahatma gandhi was first arrested from palwal railway station.

Kundli–Manesar–Palwal Expressway[edit]


Delhi Western Peripheral Expressway, or Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway (KMP Expressway), is 135.6 km long Expressway being constructed in Haryana, India[1]. Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) expressway was planned to become operational by June 2009 but may not be ready before 2012. The expressway will act as a Delhi bypass for traffic coming from north of Delhi on NH1 and going to south of Delhi on NH2.
The 135 km long Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) Expressway in Haryana, also known as the Western Peripheral Expressway, has been divided into three sections of 45 km each. Four flyovers are being constructed at places where the expressway crosses national highways, namely, NH1 near Kundli (Sonepat), NH10 near Bahadurgarh, NH8 near Manesar (Gurgaon) and NH2 near Palwal (Faridabad) and State Highway 13 (Gurgaon to Alwar) near Rozka Meo Industrial Area in Mewat District. Sixteen overpasses and underpasses at crossings on state highways and major district roads; seven overpasses, nine underpasses and 27 underpasses at crossings on village roads; and 33 agricultural vehicular underpasses, 31 cattle crossing passages, 61 pedestrian crossing passages, four railway over-bridges, 18 major and minor bridges, cross drainage works (culverts) at 292 locations, and two truck parking and four bus bays will also be constructed. On December 21, 2010, Haryana Haryana Chief Minister, Mr. Bhupinder Singh Hooda had an aerial survey of the Kundli-Manesar-Palwal (KMP) Expressway and reviewed the progress of its construction work after that as per Haryana government construction company as assured that the 53 km long stretch of the expressway from Manesar to Palwal will be completed by March 2011.[2] However, the stretch had not opened for traffic even by August 2011.

Temples in palwal[edit]

These temples are based on some religious stories and are based on that with having lot of devotees.

  • Bhagwan Parsuram Mandir Kulena
  • Jangeshwar Mandir
  • Dau ji Mandir
  • Devi Temple at Cameti Chowk
  • Panchwati Temple
  • JAIN TEMPLE IN HOUSING BOARD
  • , Baba Udash Nath Mandir ALAWALPUR
  • Bhura Giri Mandir Rasulpur Road Palwal
  • shri krishan tample devli
  • PAHADI WALA MANDIR MANDNAKA PALWAL
  • HARI BOL MANDIR, MOHAN NAGAR PALWAL

Hospitals[edit]

Palwal has number of technically sound nursing homes and hospitals. Majority of them are clustered in the city only.

  • Sukhram hospital
  • Bansal nursing home
  • Gupta nursing home
  • Saluja nursing home
  • City hospital
  • Rahul nursing home
  • Goyal hospital
  • Mittal clinic
  • Om hospital
  • Malik nursig home
  • Naresh Thakur hospital
  • Balchand Nursing home
  • Dharam Hospital Amarpur
  • Kishan Singh Hospital

Able Charitable Hospital

These nursing homes strictly prohibit any pre birth sex determination measures.

PARKS[edit]

Being a compelete city Palwal doesn't lack in greenery and public gathering places. Generally these places are very well maintained and promote health consciousness among the local mass.

Some of the famous parks of Palwal city.

  • TIKONA PARK
  • Shradhananda park
  • D park
  • Panchayat bhvan
  • Govt. sr. sec. school
  • swami dayanand park(killey wala park)
  • Tanki Wala Park
  • Bal Bhawan
  • D G Khan Hindu
  • Tau Devi Lal Park (Town Park)
  • Dashera Ground Park
  • Huda Park
  • Gandhi Park

Apart from that Palwal have many other grounds to play.

FOREST[edit]

Forest Department is running two schemes namely a forestation and soil Conservation Land Reclamation. As per the National Forests Policy of MOEF, Govt. of India about 1/3 of the geographical area should be under tree cover. In order to achieve this objective various special project large scale plantation on community, Panchayat, Government and Private land were undertaken in last 20 years and saplings of Eucalypyus, Shisham, Neem and other fruit plant were distributed free of costs to farmers to plant in their field.

Administrative set up[edit]

District comprises 282 Villages, 237 Gram Panchayats,1 Municipal Council, 2 Municipal Committee, 3 Sub Divisions, 4 Dev. Blocks and 3 Tehsils. Sub Division is under the control of sub Divisional Magistrate while each Dev. Block is under the control of Block Dev. & Panchayat Officer. All the blocks are well covered under Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna and other developmental programmes. Developmental programmes are being looked after by the Additional Deputy Commissioner-cum Chief Executive Officer, DRDA Palwal. The district is under the overall charge of the Deputy Commissioner who is also the chairman of the District Rural Dev. Agency.

District at a glance[edit]

S.No Particular Year Unit Statistics

1 Geographical features[edit]

(A) Geographical Data[edit]

i) Latitude 28 degree 40’N ii) Longitude 76 degree 59’E iii) Geographical Area Hectares 136803

(B) Administrative Units[edit]

i) Sub divisions Nos 3 ii) Tehsils Nos 3 iii) Sub-Tehsil Nos - iv) Patwar Circle Nos - v) Panchayat Simitis Nos 237 vi)Nagar nigam Nos - vii) Nagar Palika Nos 3 viii) Gram Panchayats Nos 282 xi) Revenue villages Nos 1246 x) Assembly Area Nos

2. Population[edit]

(A) Sex-wise i) Male 2011 No 5,53,704 ii) Female 2011 No 4,86,789 (B) Rural Population 2011 No 8,04,830

3. Agriculture[edit]

A. Land utilization i) Total Area 2010-11 Hectare 136000 ii) Forest cover 2010-11 -do- 1000 iii) Non Agriculture Land 2010-11 -do- 18000 iv) cultivable Barren land 2010-11 -do- 1000

4. Forest[edit]

(i) Forest 2010-11 Hectare 1368

5. Livestock & Poultry[edit]

A. Cattle i) Cows 2007 Nos. 41694 ii) Buffaloes 2007 Nos. 279560 B. Other livestock i) Goats 2007 Nos. 11983 ii) Pigs 2007 Nos. 3593 iii) Dogs & Bitches 2007 Nos. 13564 iv) Railways i) Length of rail line 2010–11 km 110 V) Roads (a) National Highway 2010–11 km 100 (b) State Highway 2010–11 km 79 (c) Main District Highway 2010–11 km 77 (d) Other district & Rural Roads 2010–11 km 93 (e) Rural road/ Agriculture Marketing Board Roads 2010–11 km 82 (f) Kachacha Road 2010–11 km - (VI) Communication (a) Telephone connection 2010-11 9102 (b) Post offices 2010-11 Nos. 70 (c) Telephone center 2010-11 Nos. 20 (d)Density of Telephone 2010-11 Nos./1000 person 9 (e) Density of Telephone 2010-11 No. per KM. 6 (f) PCO Rural 2010-11 No. 113 (g) PCO STD 2010-11 No. 602 (h) Mobile 2010-11 No. 45720 (VII) Public Health7 (a) Allopathic Hospital (b) Beds in Allopathic hospitals (c) Ayurvedic Hospital (d) Beds in Ayurvedic hospitals (e) Unani hospitals (f) Community health centers (g) Primary health centers (h) Dispensaries (i) Sub Health Centers (j) Private hospitals 2010-11 No. No. No. No. No. No. No. No. No. No. 1 13 - - 3 3 14 2 78 (VIII) Banking commercial

(a) Commercial Bank Nos. 52
    (b) rural Bank Products Nos. 29
    (c) Co-Operative bank

products Nos. 23

(d) PLDB Branches Nos. 3

(IX) Education (a) Primary school Nos. 698 (b) Middle schools Nos. 171 (c) Secondary & senior secondary schools Nos. 270 (d) Colleges Nos. 19 (e) Technical University Nos. -

Major Exportable Item:- Hydraulic Turbines, Friction Material, Rear Axle Shafts, Elevators and loaders, Cranes, Hoist, Readymade Garments, Needle Rollers . Azoinitiators, Dairy Equipments, Webbing equipments, Malt Extract, Wooden furniture, Dog Food, G.I.Pipes, Pulp, nut bolts, C.I.Castings, Milk Powder, Ghee etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 Aggarwal
  1. ^ Palwal Geography Yamuna Action Plan official website.
  2. ^ Palwal Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 19, p. 375.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Palwal
  4. ^ Tarikh Mohammadi by Mirza Mohammad bin Rustam Mukhatib b Mohtamid Khan, Vol 2, No. 6: Ed. Imtiaz Ali Arshi, Department of History, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 1960. pp28
  5. ^ Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (2008). "Chapter: Qazi Rafi Mohammad". Ḥayāt-i Karam Ḥusain (2nd ed.). Aligarh, India: Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences. pp. 25–29. OCLC 852404214. 
  6. ^ Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (2008). "1857 ki Jung-e Azadi main Khandan ka hissa". Ḥayāt-i Karam Ḥusain (2nd ed.). Aligarh, India: Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences. pp. 253–258. OCLC 852404214. 
  7. ^ History Official website Gurgaon.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est." 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Rhode Island 1,052,567" 
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]