Pam Reynolds case
Pam Reynolds Lowery (1956 – May 22, 2010), from Atlanta, Georgia, was an American singer-songwriter. In 1991, at the age of 35, she stated that she had a near-death experience (NDE) during a brain operation performed by Robert F. Spetzler at the Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Arizona. Her experience is one of the most notable and widely documented in near-death studies because of the unusual circumstances under which it happened. Reynolds was under close medical monitoring during the entire operation. During part of the operation she had no brain-wave activity and no blood flowing in her brain, which rendered her clinically dead. She claimed to have made several observations during the procedure which later medical personnel reported to be accurate.
This famous near-death experience claim has been used by some believers to corroborate their beliefs in the survival of consciousness after death, and of a life after death. However, critics and skeptics have pointed to prosaic and conventional means as possible explanations.
Reynolds died from heart failure, on Saturday May 22, 2010, age 53 at Emory University Hospital, in Atlanta, Georgia. Her memorial service was held on May 28, 2010 at 2PM at H.M. Patterson & Son, Oglethorpe Hill.
Diagnosis and operation
Reynolds reported to her physician that she was experiencing symptoms of dizziness, loss of speech and difficulty in moving parts of her body. Her physician referred her to a neurologist and a CAT scan later revealed that Reynolds had a large aneurysm in her brain, close to the brain stem. Because of the difficult position of the aneurysm, Reynolds was predicted to have no chance of survival. As a last resort, Robert F. Spetzler — a highly skilled neurosurgeon of the Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Arizona — decided that a unique and rarely performed surgical procedure, known as hypothermic cardiac arrest, was necessary to improve Pam's outcome. During this procedure, also known as a standstill operation, Pam's body temperature was lowered to 50 °F (10 °C), her breathing and heartbeat stopped, and the blood drained from her head. Her eyes were closed with tape and small ear plugs with speakers were placed in her ears. These speakers emitted audible clicks which were used to check the function of the brain stem to ensure that she had a flat EEG — or a non-responsive brain — before the operation proceeded. The operation was a success and Reynolds recovered completely. The total surgery lasted about 7 hours with a few complications along the way.
Reynolds reported that during the operation she heard a sound like a natural 'D' that seemed to pull her out of her body and allowed her to "float" above the operating room and watch the doctors perform the operation. Reynolds claims that during this time she felt "more aware than normal" and her vision was more focused and clearer than normal vision. Reynolds says she was able to identify surgical instruments and hear conversations between operating room staff.
At some point during the operation she says she noticed a presence and was pulled towards a light. She says she began to discern figures in the light, including her grandmother, an uncle, other deceased relatives and people unknown to her. According to Reynolds, the longer she was there, the more she enjoyed it, but at some point in time she was reminded that she had to go back. She says her uncle brought her back to her body but she didn't want to go so he pushed her in accompanied by a sensation like that of jumping into ice water.
Reynolds supposed Near "Death" Experience has been put forward as evidence supporting the survival hypothesis by proponents such as Michael Sabom in his book Light & Death, but critics say that the amount of time which Reynolds was 'flatlined' is generally misrepresented and her claimed NDE occurred when she was merely under general anesthesia and the brain was still active, hours before Reynolds is supposed to have "died."
- ISBN 0-310-21992-2 Light and Death by the founder of The Atlanta Study, Dr. Michael Sabom, about the case of Pam Reynolds and nearly 50 other cases.
- ISBN 1-60514-010-4 The Spiritual Brain by Mario Beauregard and Denyse O'Leary, which mentions Pam Reynolds' case and other evidence for spiritual experience outside the body.
Notes and references
- J.E. Geshwiler (May 28, 2010), Pam Reynolds Lowery, noted for near-death episode, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, retrieved July 7, 2010
- Augustine, Keith (Summer 2007). "Does Paranormal Perception Occur in Near-Death Experiences?". Journal of Near-Death Studies 25 (4): 203–236, page 217. doi:10.1043/0891-4494(2007)25[203:DPPOIN]2.0.CO;2.
- Sabom, Michael B. (Summer 2007). "Commentary on 'Does Paranormal Perception Occur in Near-Death Experiences?'". Journal of Near-Death Studies 25 (4): 257–260, pages 257–58. doi:10.1043/0891-4494(2007)25[257:CODPPO]2.0.CO;2.
- Augustine, Keith (Summer 2007). "'Does Paranormal Perception Occur in Near-Death Experiences?' Defended". Journal of Near-Death Studies 25 (4): 261–283, page 280. doi:10.1043/0891-4494(2007)25[261:DPPOIN]2.0.CO;2.
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Asserting the importance of this NDE:
- People Have NDEs While Brain Dead at the Wayback Machine (archived January 21, 2008)
- Beyond Brain Death by Pam Reynolds at the Wayback Machine (archived November 8, 2007)
- Additional Analysis of the Pam Reynolds Case
- Home page of Pam Reynolds at the Wayback Machine (archived October 27, 2009)
- Near death, explained Salon, Apr 21, 2012
Doubting that the NDE happened during the standstill:
- Hallucinatory Near-Death Experiences Section on Pam Reynolds
- Discussion about Pam Reynolds NDE on randi.org, including important quotes from Light and Death
- Pam Reynolds Near Death Experience