Pambujan, Northern Samar

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Pambujan
Municipality
Map of Northern Samar with Pambujan highlighted
Map of Northern Samar with Pambujan highlighted
Pambujan is located in Philippines
Pambujan
Pambujan
Location of Pambujan in the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°34′N 124°56′E / 12.567°N 124.933°E / 12.567; 124.933Coordinates: 12°34′N 124°56′E / 12.567°N 124.933°E / 12.567; 124.933
Country  Philippines
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province Northern Samar
Congr. district 2nd District of Northern Samar
Barangays 26
Government[1]
 • Mayor Lino L. Balanquit
Area[2]
 • Total 163.90 km2 (63.28 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 31,057
 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Demonym Pambujanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6413
Dialing code 55
Income class 4th Class

         Pambujan is a fourth class municipality in the province of Northern Samar, Philippines. It is a coastal town with an area of  18,650 hectares. It is an ordinary town with extraordinary qualities and resources. It boasts of a 16th-century Roman Catholic church, a breathtakingly beautiful island named Caohagan, baseball players who claimed their place in the international scene, young professionals and achievers, a socio-cultural activity held every first full moon of the year and aptly named Kadayaw Festival, a sports arena which for countless times became the venue of different municipal, provincial and even regional sports gatherings, and a whole lot more.            

The populace of its barangays on the riverside depend mainly on copra, abaca, ricefields, rootcrops, and handicraft-making as their source of livelihood, while those on the roadside mostly live on a small and medium business ventures, fishing, livestock production and government / private employment.            

The municipality has a number of daycare centers in each barangay, two private and one public preparatory schools, a number of primary and elementary schools and two secondary schools. It is accessible to Region VIII’s premiere state university- the University of Eastern Philippines- as well as other private colleges in Catarman, the capital town of Northern Samar.            

The local government has various programs and projects for the different sectors in the locality, especially for women and children. It has even earned provincial and regional citations as Child-Friendly municipality. It has also several livelihood and infrastructure projects, which remarkably contribute to the upliftment of life of the Pambujanons.            

Indeed, life in Pambujan may appear simple and common, but tranquility, ambiance and pleasure are at its best in this lovely town right in the heart of the second district of Northern Samar. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 31,057 people.[3]

Geography[edit]

Pambujan has a contiguous territory of 16,390 hectares (40,500 acres),[2] which extends into the hinterlands of Northern Samar across a number of rivers, lakes, brooks and mountains. The most notable of these physical features is Mount Cagbigajo, which once served as an observation and listening post of the Allied Intelligence Bureau Operative (1934–44) during World War II.

Pambujan town is then situated in what is now Barangay Ginulgan. Back then, the town consists of 22 barrios covering an area of 670 square kilometers which stretched out to more than 402 kilometers span towards its western border (Samar Province).

Barangays[edit]

Pambujan is politically subdivided into 26 barangays.[2]

  • Cababto-an
  • Cabarian
  • Cagbigajo
  • Canjumadal
  • Doña Anecita
  • Camparanga
  • Geadgawan
  • Ginulgan
  • Giparayan
  • Igot
  • Ynaguingayan
  • Inanahawan
  • Manahao
  • Paninirongan
  • Poblacion 1
  • Poblacion 2
  • Poblacion 3
  • Poblacion 4
  • Poblacion 5
  • Poblacion 6
  • Poblacion 7
  • Poblacion 8
  • San Ramon
  • Senonogan
  • Don Sixto
  • Tula

History[edit]

The name Pambujan has historically developed from the term “pambubuhan” which means a place in which crabs are abundant and crabbing or catching crabs is prevalent. It originates from the ninorte-waraynon word “bubo,” which refers to “bamboo crab pots” or traditional crabbing devices used to catch said crustaceans. Real and factual story of the past traced it ages before the rediscovery of the Philippines by Fernando de Magallanes on March 16, 1521, who on this date saw the heights of Samar Island and was surprised to see that its early inhabitants - the Samareños - were having a civilization of their own and living in a well-organized independent villages called barangays (Plasencia:174). “Pambubuhan,” at this date, was then one of the said well-organized independent villages. Evidently, Pambujanons named their village after“pambubuhan,” a name of distinction which she got because of abundant crabs swarming in and along her rivers.

Pambujan was originally founded in Brgy. Ginulgan (also referred to as Binungtuan) by our Malayan ancestors, particularly by the “second wave migrants” who arrived here from 100 AD to the 13th century (Zaide, Zaide: 29). During the onset of the Spanish Rule here in the Philippines, the Spaniards saw the fiery refusal of early Pambujanons to become subjects of the Spanish Crown. The most notable of them was “Patuding” whose fiery resistance against the conquistadores in 1674, 25 years after the famous Sumuroy Revolution in Palapag in 1649, placed him in the annals of Pambujan’s local history although he vanished into the limbo of unrecorded heroic exploits and oblivion.

The frequent raids of Moro pirates (1752–1754) also took its toll against the early Pambujanons because some of them, after a ferocious bloodletting for freedom’s sake against the Spanish Colonial Regime, eventually succumbed and allowed themselves to Christianity, adopted Spanish surnames and became subjects to the Spanish Crown to spare themselves from the hands of the new adversary. Towering among them were Lucio Lovino, Capitan Josef Adonis, Gallego, brothers Jose and Domingo Catangcas, Dagohoy Siervo, Francisco Atencio, Turnino Jazmin, Urtilano Morales, Casimiro Merino, Albino Bomitivo and Felino Luna whose leadership inspired their fellow Pambujanons to bind themselves together against the pirates. Thereafter, they moved to the present site of Pambujan. It was approximately during this period that the foundations of the now existing Roman Catholic Church were laid. The subsequent events, which were characterized by the take over of the Franciscans in the religious affairs of the pueblo from the Jesuit Missionaries in 1768, triggered the completion of the church edifice. Unfortunately, it was razed and turned into ashes during the Spanish–American War. This incident, however, led the majority of Pambujanons to embrace Christianity and assume  Spanish surnames in consonance with the order issued by Gov. General Narciso Claveria on Nov.21, 1849, because their Malayan surnames, like the rest of the Filipinos  all over the archipelago, proved to be confusing to the Spanish authorities *(National Archives Publications: 1973). Twenty four years later, on August 4, 1863, the Vatican City declared Pambujan a full-pledged parish district.

The years 1763 and 1887  brought great earthquakes to Pambujan and made remarkable imprints by leaving huge cracks on its ground which until now can be found 2 kilometers southwest from the town’s center.           

Meanwhile, the Filipino-American War of 1898 found the brave men of Pambujan actively struggling for freedom led by Capitan Restituto Jazmin, Licerio Sosing, Daniel Siervo, Ponciano Marcial and Vicente Obieta. The local insurrectos devoted their efforts in manufacturing gun powders and war weaponry such as explosives and rifles patterned after the“mauser” which  they had deposited in their “armoria” at So. Gunudhud in Barrio Coroconog and So. Mapanas in Barrio Ginulgan. All of these were used against the Americans by the forces of General Lukban who was then headquartered in Matuquinao.           

The surrender of the “insurrectos”under Capitan Restituto Jazmin in 1903 marked the beginning of a relative peacefulness. From this period Pambujan underwent some considerable changes. However, a big fire in 1918, razed some commercial and residential buildings. It was followed by the ravages wrought by the Pacific war. Years later, reconstruction and marked achievements were realized, population rose steadily, literacy increased and agricultural productivity relatively improved.           

The year 1925  was characterized by the institutionalization of local politics when two political parties were organized within its boundaries. The “KUSOG SAN KAUSWAGAN” headed by Tomas dela Cruz and the “TINGOG SAN KABLASANON” headed by Sixto A. Balanquit, Sr.

The years that followed, specifically during the incumbency of Mayor Ramon Siervo (1955–1963) and Atty. Alfredo dela Cruz (1963–1967), faced the clamor of the inhabitants of Lao-angan and Suba for the conversion of these barrios into towns independent from Pambujan by seeking the assistance of Congressman EladioT. Balite, then representative of the lone district of Samar. Thus, years later Barrio Lao-angan became the municipality of San Roque named after the Catholic Martyr Saint Roche; while Barrio Suba became the municipality of Silvino Lubos, named after the donor of its site, former Municipal Councilor and Barrio Teniente of Suba, Mr. Silvino Lubos.            

The insurgency of 1970’s confronted Pambujan  with losses- innocent lives and livelihoods. It was believed to be much disastrous as compared  to World War II. However, during this period it gained both nationwide and worldwide recognitions when NALUCABAN KIDS won five national championships trophies in the Little League Baseball National Open Championships (1975, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1980) which likewise brought it to the International Baseball Arena. These exploits were credited to the able management of the then Municipal Mayor Manuel T. Balanquit, Sr. and Coach Nestor U. Tingzon. Meanwhile, the year 2003 (December 23) has seen a great milestone in the socio-political landscape of Pambujan. It was during this year that the political heirs of the Dela Cruz’s and Balanquit’s who established the first two political parties here have reconciled and united after 78 years of struggle as traditional political rivals.

On October 2008, the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Northern Samar, presided by Vice Governor Atty. Antonio P. Lucero, declared the St. John The Baptist Church of Pambujan as a historical landmark of the Province of Northern Samar.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pambujan
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 18,389 —    
1995 22,152 +3.79%
2000 25,394 +2.77%
2007 27,837 +1.32%
2010 31,057 +3.72%
Source: National Statistics Office [3][5]

Education[edit]

Local government[edit]

Elected municipal officials (2013–2016):

  • Mayor: Lino L. Balanquit Sr.
  • Vice Mayor: Tirso M. Tan, Jr.
  • Councilors:
    • Felipe Sosing
    • Daisy Balanquit
    • Cindy Abobo-Torres
    • Iluminada Salazar
    • Redito Yongco
    • Renato Siervo, Sr.
    • Gilberto Lobos
    • Ofelia dela Cruz

List of former chief executives[edit]

Presidente Municipal:

  • Pedro Tan (1909)
  • Licerio Sosing (1910)
  • Eustaquio Dela Cruz (1910–1911)
  • Primitivo Balanquit (1916–1918)
  • Fructuoso Lozano (1923–1924)
  • Galo Dela Cruz (1925–1927)
  • Isidro Morales (1928–1930)
  • Hilarion Siervo (1931–1933)

Municipal Mayors:

  • Arsenio Tan (1934–1941)
  • Juan Avalon (1945–1946)
  • Pedro Dela Cruz (1947–1954)
  • Ramon Siervo (1955–1962)
  • Alfredo Dela Cruz (1963–1967)
  • Manuel Balanquit (1968–1986)
  • Viador Tagle (1986–1987)
  • Manuel Balanquit (1987–1998)
  • Lino Balanquit (1998–2007)
  • Rogelio Siervo Tan (2007–2013)

Tourist attractions[edit]

Paninirongan Beach
Paninirongan Beach is one of the beautiful beaches of Pambujan that has very fine sand, clear and cool water. This beach boasts a natural swimming pool even during high tides. Bathers can stay until afternoon and watch the beautiful sunset.
Caohagan Island
Caohagan Island is the best place for diving, snorkeling, fishing and hunting. This exotic island is known for its beautiful corals and abundance of century trees and boracay white pebbles that is used as construction materials for exterior and interior design of houses/buildings. This island is also a haven of giant fruit bats.
Objects are very visible vertically up to 15 meters deep and horizontally up to 10 meters in distance. Biotic communities that are essential components of marine ecological system such as coral and sea grasses can be observed in the coastal waters of the island. Caohagan has a bountiful variety of ornamental and commercial fishes.
Oot and Libas Points
Both areas have pristine beaches, splendid under water corals ideal for snorkeling and diving. Various species of mangroves trees can also be found in these untouched areas.

Socio-cultural events[edit]

Kadayaw Festival
Celebrated every first full moon of the year. It is Pambujanon’s way of thanking the Almighty for the graces bestowed upon them. This whole day affair, which consists of local products’ trade fair, a dance parade and floorshow demonstrations and masquerade ball.
Panarit sa Pasko
slated at the start of Novena on December 16 until December 24. It is a group-singing contest featuring original “PANARIT” song presentations.
Lantaka Festival
Celebrated every December 31 showcasing artistic lantakas.
Fiesta Celebration
Pambujan’s town fiesta which is slated every June 23–24; feast of St. John de Baptist, the town’s Patron Saint.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: Northern Samar". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Historical Landmarks of Northern Samar". Northern Samar News. 20 October 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Province of Northern Samar". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 

External links[edit]