|Institutions||University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, NASA|
|Alma mater||University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Indiana University, Oregon State University University of North Carolina|
|Notable awards||MacArthur Fellow, NASA Exceptional Service Medal, AAAS Fellow, United States National Academy of Sciences|
Pamela Anne Matson (born 1953) is an American scientist, professor, and dean of the Stanford University School of Earth Sciences. She previously worked at NASA and at the University of California Berkeley. Her professional titles at Stanford are Chester Naramore Dean of the School of Earth Sciences, and Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor of Environmental Studies. Matson is a winner of the prestigious MacArthur Fellowship, also known as the "genius grant," and is considered to be a "pioneer in the field of environmental science." She was appointed to the “Einstein Professorship" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2011. She is married to fellow scientist Peter Vitousek. 
Early life and education
Pamela Matson grew up in Hudson, Wisconsin. She studied biology at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. After graduation Matson started a career that would center on environmental issues. She completed her M.S. from the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at the Indiana University, her PhD in Forest Ecology from Oregon State University, and did postdoctoral research at the University of North Carolina.
Matson's first job was at the NASA Ames Research Center where she studied the atmosphere above the Amazon Rainforest with emphasis on the way deforestation and pollution affected the environment. After her time with NASA, Matson joined the Environmental Science Policy Management Program at the University of California, Berkeley, where she collaborated in trying to promote a community of academics interested in environmental issues. Matson eventually became the dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford. There she started a sustainability roundtable to bring people together to discuss environmental issues. Matson was selected as a MacArthur Fellow, and in 1997 was elected as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2002 she was named the Burton and Deedee McMurtry University Fellow in Undergraduate Education at Stanford. The "Matson Sustainability Science Research Laboratory" at Stanford is named after her.
- Ames Associate Fellow (1992)
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1992)
- NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1993)
- United States National Academy of Sciences (1994)
- MacArthur Fellowship (1995–2000)
- University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire Distinguished Alumni Award (1996)
- Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1997)
- Oregon State University Distinguished Alumni Award (1998)
- McMurtrey Fellow for Undergraduate Education
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter M". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- Pamela Matson ESA President 2001-2002
- "Matson, Pamela A.". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 16 April 2011.