Pamheiba

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Meidingu Pamheiba (1690–1751) was an emperor in Manipur in the early 18th century. After conversion to Hinduism, he made it the official religion of Manipur in 1717. He is also one of the enemies of the Thangal tribe.[1]

Early life and conversion[edit]

He was born on December 23, 1690 CE in Manipur to Pitambar Charairongba and was crowned Meidingu ("king") on Wednesday, the 23rd of thawan 1631 Saka Era( August 28, 1709 CE).[2] During the early 18th century, Hindu missionaries from Sylhet arrived in Manipur to spread Gaudiya Vaishnavism. They were led by Shantidas Goswami and his associate Guru Gopal Das who succeeded in converting the King from the old Meitei religion to Vaishnavism in 1710. Later during his reign, Pamheiba made Hinduism the official religion, and converted nearly all the Meitei people to Hinduism.[3]

Military conquests[edit]

His reign lasted 39 years and during that time, the realm of Manipur extended from the Irrawady in the east to Cachar and Tripura in the west. At some points during his reign, his realm extended into the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Shortly after taking power, in his father Charairongba he invaded Burma after the Burmese King insulted his sister. The Burmese King asked for the hand (in marriage) of another of Charairongba's daughters. Instead of a princess, the King of Burma was met by cavalry, led by Pamheiba that massacred the Burmese army, and brought many POW to Imphal.[4]

In 1734, Pamheiba invaded Tripura and captured 1100 POWs, who were absorbed into the Meitei community.[5]

Family[edit]

Pamheiba had eight wives, and a large number of sons and daughters. His eldest son, Samjai Khurai-Lakpa, was assassinated by his younger son Chitsai, who came to power after Pamheiba's grandson Gaurisiam. The reign was then followed by Ching-Thang Khomba.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thangal General, Charai Thangal And Pamheiba Manipur Online - May 13, 2003
  2. ^ Sana, Raj Kumar Somorjit (2010). The Chronology of Meetei Monarchs( from 1666 CE to 1850 CE). Imphal: Waikhom Ananda Meetei. p. 59. ISBN 978-81-8465-210-9. 
  3. ^ Manipur, The - Banglapedia
  4. ^ Garib Niwaz: Wars and Religious Policy in 18th Century Manipur KanglaOnline
  5. ^ a b History of Manipur - IIT Guwahati

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pitambar Charairongba
King of Manipur
1720–1751
Succeeded by
Gaurisiam