Pamheiba

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Kingdom of Manipur
Part of History of Manipur
Royal flag of Manipur
Kings of Manipur
Pamheiba 1720-1751
Gaurisiam 1752-1763
Chitsai 1754-1756
Ching-Thang Khomba 1769-1798
Rohinchandra 1798-1801
Maduchandra Singh 1801-1806
Chourjit Singh 1806-1812
Marjit Singh 1812-1819
Gambhir Singh 1825-1834
Raja Nara Singh 1844-1850
Debindro Singh 1850
Chandrakirti Singh 1850-1886
Raja Surchandra 1886-1890
Kulachandra Singh 1890-1891
Churachandra Singh 1891-1941
Bodhchandra Singh 1941-1949
Manipur monarchy data
Ningthouja dynasty (Royal family)
Pakhangba (Symbol of the kingdom)
Cheitharol Kumbaba (Royal chronicle)
Imphal (Capital of the kingdom)
Kangla Palace (Royal residence)

Meidingu Pamheiba (1690–1751) was an king of Manipur in the early 18th century. After conversion to Hinduism, he made it the official religion of Manipur in 1717 and took the name Gharib Nawaz.[1] Although of Naga origin himself, he displayed hostility towards the Thangal Naga.[2] During most of his reign he was engaged in warfare against the Kingdom of Burma.

Early life and conversion[edit]

He was born on December 23, 1690 CE in Manipur to Pitambar Charairongba and was crowned Meidingu ("king") on Wednesday, the 23rd of thawan 1631 Saka Era( August 28, 1709 CE).[3] During the early 18th century, Hindu missionaries from Sylhet arrived in Manipur to spread Gaudiya Vaishnavism. They were led by Shantidas Goswami and his associate Guru Gopal Das who succeeded in converting the King from the old Meitei religion to Vaishnavism in 1710. Later during his reign, Pamheiba made Hinduism the official religion, and converted nearly all the Meitei people to Hinduism.[4]

Military conquests[edit]

His reign lasted 39 years and during that time, the realm of Manipur extended from the Irrawady in the east to Cachar and Tripura in the west. At some points during his reign, his realm extended into the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Shortly after taking power, in his father Charairongba he invaded Burma after the Burmese King insulted his sister. The Burmese King asked for the hand (in marriage) of another of Charairongba's daughters. Instead of a princess, the King of Burma was met by cavalry, led by Pamheiba that massacred the Burmese army, and brought many POW to Imphal.[5]

In 1734, Pamheiba invaded Tripura and captured 1100 POWs, who were absorbed into the Meitei community.[6]

Family[edit]

Pamheiba had eight wives, and a large number of sons and daughters. His eldest son, Samjai Khurai-Lakpa, was assassinated by his younger son Chitsai, who came to power after Pamheiba's grandson Gaurisiam. The reign was then followed by Ching-Thang Khomba.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 186.
  2. ^ Thangal General, Charai Thangal And Pamheiba Manipur Online - May 13, 2003
  3. ^ Sana, Raj Kumar Somorjit (2010). The Chronology of Meetei Monarchs( from 1666 CE to 1850 CE). Imphal: Waikhom Ananda Meetei. p. 59. ISBN 978-81-8465-210-9. 
  4. ^ Manipur, The - Banglapedia
  5. ^ Garib Niwaz: Wars and Religious Policy in 18th Century Manipur KanglaOnline
  6. ^ a b History of Manipur - IIT Guwahati

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pitambar Charairongba
King of Manipur
1720–1751
Succeeded by
Gaurisiam