Pamir National Park

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tajik National Park (Mountains of the Pamirs)
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
USSR-Tajikistan-Peak Communism.jpg
Type Natural
Criteria (vii)(viii)
Reference 1252
Inscription history
Inscription 2013 (37th Session)

The Pamir National Park (also known as Pamersky, Pamirsky or Tajik National Park) is a national park and nature reserve in eastern Tajikistan. It was established in 1992. In 1989-1992, Anvar J. Buzurukov (as the head of the Protected Areas Department of the Ministry of the Environment) initiated, planned and led scientific feasibility studies and the international scientific camp "Pamir-90" towards establishing the first national and natural parks in the Tajik SSR, the biggest mountain park in USSR. The free copy of report "Brief scientific feasibility study and proposed pre-project activities for establishing the Pamir national park (PNP) and selected materials of the international scientific camp "Pamir-90" (Russian text and some maps in English) may be requested in tajikseu@yahoo.com In July 1992, the biggest high mountain park in USSR- Pamir National Park with total area 1.2 million hectares was designated by Tajikistan Government (the Decision No. 267 of July, 20, 1992), now park called the Tajik National Park, a year before the same team established the first nature reserve in Tajikistan, the Shirkent Nature Park). It stretches about 2,6 mill.ha which is 18% of the total size of Tajikistan. It includes parts of the Pamir Mountains.In 2001 its area was increased to 2.6 million hectares by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan No. 253.

Ecology and wildlife[edit]

The national park features of a mix of steppe, desert, grassland and alpine regions. It has long cold winters and cool summers, with an average annual rainfall of 12.7 cm.[1]

Species known to live in the national park include the brown bear, snow leopard, wolves, markhor, Marco Polo sheep, brown-headed gulls and bar-headed geese.[2][3]

World Heritage Status[edit]

In 2008, the national park was submitted to UNESCO with a view to becoming a World Heritage Site. In 2013, the park was accepted as World Heritage.[4]

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1252/

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0837430.html "Pamir" The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed.
  2. ^ Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb. 2013. "Pamir Alpine Desert and Tundra." Robert Warren Howarth (ed.), Biomes & Ecosystems, Vol. 3. Ipswich, MA: Salem Press, pp. 978-980.
  3. ^ "Pamir alpine desert and tundra". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. 
  4. ^ (English) Mount Etna and the Mountains of Pamir inscribed on World Heritage List alongside El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar, whc.unesco.org, 21 june 2013.

Coordinates: 39°N 72°E / 39°N 72°E / 39; 72