Pamlico County, North Carolina

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Pamlico County, North Carolina
Seal of Pamlico County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Pamlico County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1872
Named for Pamlico Indians
Seat Bayboro
Largest town Bayboro
 • Total 566 sq mi (1,466 km2)
 • Land 337 sq mi (873 km2)
 • Water 229 sq mi (593 km2), 40.49%
 • (2010) 13,144
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Pamlico /ˈpæmlɪk/ [1] County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,144.[2] Its county seat is Bayboro.[3]

Pamlico County is part of the New Bern, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area.


The county was formed in 1872 from parts of Beaufort and Craven counties. It was named for Pamlico Sound, which adjoins it. Pamlico County remains rural in character and flavor, although the last decade has brought a good deal of residential development, largely the result of northern retirees and investors attracted to the many miles of waterfront property.

The county is anchored on the east by the Town of Oriental, a popular waystation for boaters traveling the Intracoastal Waterway, and by unincorporated Lowland. New Bern across the county line in Craven County to the west, is the primary trade area for Pamlico County.[citation needed] The unincorporated community of Olympia is in the western county.

Law and government[edit]

Pamlico County is governed by an elected, seven-member Board of Commissioners. The county is a member of the regional Eastern Carolina Council of Governments.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 566 square miles (1,470 km2), of which, 337 square miles (870 km2) of it is land and 229 square miles (590 km2) of it (40.49%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 6,323
1890 7,146 13.0%
1900 8,045 12.6%
1910 9,966 23.9%
1920 9,060 −9.1%
1930 9,299 2.6%
1940 9,706 4.4%
1950 9,993 3.0%
1960 9,850 −1.4%
1970 9,467 −3.9%
1980 10,398 9.8%
1990 11,372 9.4%
2000 12,934 13.7%
2010 13,144 1.6%
Est. 2012 13,074 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[2]

Census reports show a marked drop of nearly 10 percent in county population from 1910 to 1920, the period of the Great Migration of African Americans from rural areas of the South to northern and midwestern industrial cities offering more economic and social opportunities. Workers were recruited by northern industries, including the Pennsylvania Railroad, which was rapidly expanding at the time.

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 12,934 people, 5,178 households, and 3,717 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 6,781 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.17% White, 24.57% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,178 households out of which 25.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 28.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 101.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,084, and the median income for a family was $41,659. Males had a median income of $31,806 versus $21,344 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,005. About 11.80% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.20% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over.


Cities and towns[edit]

Map of Pamlico County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels


The county is divided into five towns townships. The county seat, Bayboro, and the largest municipality, Oriental, are both in Township 2.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Talk Like A Tarheel, from the North Carolina Collection's website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°09′N 76°40′W / 35.15°N 76.67°W / 35.15; -76.67