Pampanga

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Pampanga (disambiguation).
Pampanga
Province
Flag of Pampanga
Flag
Official seal of Pampanga
Seal
Nickname(s): Culinary Capital of the Philippines
Motto: "Mekeni Malaus Ka Pampanga"
Map of the Philippines with Pampanga highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Pampanga highlighted
Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667Coordinates: 15°04′N 120°40′E / 15.067°N 120.667°E / 15.067; 120.667
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded December 11, 1571
Capital City of San Fernando
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Lilia G. Pineda (NUP/KAMBILAN)
 • Vice Governor Dennis "Delta" G. Pineda (NPC/KAMBILAN)
Area[1]
 • Total 2,062.47 km2 (796.32 sq mi)
Area rank 59th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,014,019
 • Rank 9th out of 80
 • Density 980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Density rank 5th out of 80
  excluding Angeles City
Divisions
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 2
 • Municipalities 19
 • Barangays 505
including independent cities: 538
 • Districts 4
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Kapampangan (71%), Tagalog (10%), Ilocano (8%), Others (1%), Bicolano (0.4%)
 • Languages Kapampangan, Tagalog, English
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2000 to 2024
Dialing code 45
Website pampanga.gov.ph

Pampanga (PSGC: 035400000; ISO: PH-PAM; ) is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the City of San Fernando. Pampanga is bordered by the provinces of Bataan and Zambales to the west, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija to the north, and Bulacan to the southeast. Pampanga also lies on the northern shore of Manila Bay. Angeles City, although geographically within Pampanga, is classified as a first-class, highly urbanized city and has a government independent of the province.

The name "La Pampanga" was given by the Spaniards who found the early natives living near the river banks. It also served as the capital of the archipelago for two years from 1762–1764 during the British invasion of Manila. The word pampang, from which the province's name originates, means river bank. Its creation in 1571 makes it the first Spanish province on Luzon Island in the Philippines (Cebu, being the first settlement founded in 1565). The Province of Pampanga is the culinary capital of the Philippines.

Pampanga is served by the Clark International Airport, which is located at Clark Freeport Zone, some 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north of the provincial capital.

The province is home to two Philippine Air Force air bases, Basa Air Base in Floridabalanca, and Clark Air Base in Angeles City.

The province is also honored as one of the 8 rays of the sun in the national flag because of its revolt against the domination of Spaniards.

History[edit]

Pampanga is the first province and the richest spoil created by the Spaniards in 1571. It was named after the Indung Kapampangan River, the largest river in the former empire. Ancient Pampanga's territorial area used to include portions of the provinces of Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Tarlac and Zambales in the big Island of Luzon of the Philippine Archipelago.

Pampanga, one of the richest provinces in the Philippines, was re-organized as a province by the Spaniards on December 11, 1571. For governmental control and taxation purposes, the Spanish authorities subdivided Pampanga into towns (pueblos), which were further subdivided into districts (barrios) and in some cases into royal and private estates (encomiendas).

Due to excessive abuses committed by some grantees of private estates, the King of Spain prohibited in 1574 the awarding of private estates (encomiendas). However, the royal decree was not fully enforced until the year 1620. In a report of Philippine encomiendas on June 20, 1591, Spanish Governor Gomez Perez Dasmarinas reported to the King of Spain that La Pampanga's encomiendas were Bataan, Betis y Lubao, Macabebe, Candaba, Apalit, Calumpit, Malolos, Binto, Guiguinto, Caluya, Bulacan and Mecabayan. The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred and eighty whole tributes.

Pampanga which is about 850 square miles (2,200 km2) in area and presently inhabited by more than 1.5 million people, had its present borders drawn in 1873. During the Spanish regime it was one of the richest Philippine provinces. Manila and its surrounding region were then primarily dependent on Pampangan agricultural, fishery, and forestry products as well as on the supply of skilled workers. As other Luzon provinces were created due to increases in population, some well-established Pampanga towns were lost to new emerging provinces in Central Luzon.

During the 17th century, The Dutch recruited men from Pampanga as mercenaries who served the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, known as Papangers[3] contingent which was a part of the larger Mardijkers community. Their legacy can still be found in North Jakarta,[4] however there are no traces of their descendants, except for a small community currently lives in Kampung Tugu.

Pampanga, 1899

The historic province of Bataan which was founded in 1754 under the administration of Spanish Governor General Pedro Manuel Arandia, absorbed from the province of Pampanga the municipalities of Abucay, Balanga, Dinalupihan, Llana Hermosa, Orani, Orion, Pilar, and Samal.

The old Pampanga towns of Aliaga, Cabiao, Gapan, San Antonio and San Isidro were ceded to the province of Nueva Ecija in 1848 during the term of Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria y Zaldua. The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo of Pampanga was yielded to the province of Bulacan in the same provincial boundary configuration in 1848.

In 1860, the northern towns of Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, Victoria, Tarlac, Mabalacat, Magalang, Porac and Floridablanca were separated from Pampanga and were placed under the jurisdiction of a military command called Comandancia Militar de Tarlac. However, in 1873, the four latter towns were returned to Pampanga and the other five towns became municipalities of the newly created Province of Tarlac.

On December 8, 1941, Japanese planes bombed Clark Air base marking the beginning of the invasion of Pampanga.

Between 1941 and 1942, occupying Japanese forces began entering Pampanga.

During the Counter-Insurgencies under the Japanese Occupation from 1942 to 1944, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas fought side by side in the province of Pampanga, attacking and retreating the Japanese Imperial forces for three years and few months of fighting and invasion.

The establishment of the military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active from 1935 to 1946 and the Philippine Constabulary was active from 1935 to 1942 and 1944 to 1946 in the province of Pampanga. During the military engagements of the Anti-Japanese Imperial Military Operations in Central Luzon from 1942 to 1945 in the province of Bataan, Bulacan, Northern Tayabas (now. Aurora), Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales, the local guerrilla resistance fighters and Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas, helped the U.S. military forces fight the Imperial Japanese armed forces.

In the 1945 liberation of Pampanga, Kapampangan guerrilla fighters and the Hukbalahap Communist guerrillas supported combat forces from both Filipino and American ground troops in attacking Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga until the end of the Second World War. The sending the local military operations of local Filipino soldiers and officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 2nd, 21st, 26th, 3rd, 31st, 32nd, 33rd, 35th, 36th and 37th Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 3rd Infantry Regiment was recaptured and liberated the province of Pampanga and fought against the Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Pampanga.

After the Second World War, The operations in the main province of Pampanga was downfall insurgencies and conflicts between the Philippine Government forces and the Hukbalahap Communist rebels on 1946 to 1954 during the Hukbalahap Rebellion.

The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo displaced a large number of people with the submersion of whole towns and villages by lahar.

Geography[edit]

Political[edit]

Political map of Pampanga

Pampanga is subdivided into 19 municipalities and 3 cities (one highly urbanized city, and two component cities).

City/

municipality

Type No. of
Barangays
Population
(2010)[5]
Area
(km²)[6]
Pop. density
(per km²)
Income
Class
Zip Code
Angeles City Highly urbanized city
(independent of province)
33
326,336
60.27
5,415
1st class
2009
San Fernando Component city (Capital)
36
285,912
67.74
4,221
1st Class
2000
Mabalacat Component City
27
215,610
83.18
2,592
1st Class
2010
Apalit Municipality
12
101,537
61.47
1,652
1st Class
2016
Arayat Municipality
30
121,348
134.48
902
1st Class
2012
Bacolor Municipality
21
31,508
71.70
439
3rd Class
2001
Candaba Municipality
33
102,399
176.40
580
1st class
2013
Floridablanca Municipality
33
110,846
175.48
632
1st Class
2006
Guagua Municipality
31
111,199
48.67
2,285
1st Class
2003
Lubao Municipality
44
150,843
155.77
966
1st Class
2005
Macabebe Municipality
25
70,777
105.16
673
1st Class
2018
Magalang Municipality
27
103,597
97.32
1,064
1st Class
2011
Masantol Municipality
26
52,407
48.25
1,086
2nd Class
2017
Mexico Municipality
43
146,851
117.41
1,251
1st Class
2021
Minalin Municipality
15
44,001
48.27
912
4th Class
2019
Porac Municipality
29
111,441
314.00
355
1st Class
2008
San Luis Municipality
17
49,311
56.83
868
3rd Class
2014
San Simon Municipality
14
48,353
57.37
843
3rd Class
2015
Santa Ana Municipality
14
52,001
39.84
1,305
3rd Class
2022
Santa Rita Municipality
10
38,762
29.76
1,302
4th Class
2002
Santo Tomas Municipality
8
38,062
21.30
1,787
4th Class
2020
Sasmuan Municipality
12
27,254
91.80
297
4th Class
2004

Physical[edit]

The province has a total land mass of 206,247 hectares (509,650 acres).[1] Its terrain is relatively flat with one distinct mountain, Mount Arayat and the notable Pampanga River. Among its municipalities, Porac has the largest land mass with 314 square kilometres (121 sq mi); Candaba comes in second with 176 square kilometres (68 sq mi); followed by Floridablanca with 175 square kilometres (68 sq mi). Santo Tomas, with an area of 21 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi), is the smallest.[6]

Climate[edit]

The province of Pampanga has two distinct climates, rainy and dry. The rainy or wet season normally begins in May and runs through October, while the rest of the year is the dry season. The warmest period of the year occurs between March and April, while the coolest period is from December through February.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pampanga
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 1,295,929 —    
1995 1,401,756 +1.58%
2000 1,618,759 +2.92%
2007 1,911,951 +2.41%
2010 2,014,019 +1.75%
Excluding Angeles City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]
Population census of Pampanga
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
2000 1,882,730 —    
2007 2,226,444 +2.42%
2010 2,340,355 +1.68%
including Angeles City

Based on the 2010 census, the population of the province excluding the independent Angeles City is 2,014,019 persons, or 2,340,355 including Angeles City.[2]

The inhabitants of Pampanga are generally referred to as Kapampangans (alternatively spelled Capampañgan), Pampangos, or Pampangueños.

Kapampangan is one of the eight provinces in the country to have revolted against Spain. The population has produced two presidents, three chief justices, a senate president, the first Filipino cardinal and many outstanding personalities in public service, education, diplomacy, journalism, the arts and sciences, entertainment and business.

Religions[edit]

Our Lady of Grace Parish in Mabalacat City, Pampanga

The province of Pampanga is composed of many religious groups but it is predominantly Roman Catholic, followed by the Iglesia Ni Cristo, the largest minority religion in the province. Pampanga boasts the very first ecclesiastical district (formerly called division) in INC history. The ecclesiastical district of Pampanga was established in 1924 and the district's main office is located in San Fernando, Pampanga.[7][8] The province is also the main seat of the Members Church of God International colloquially called Ang Dating Daan where its headquarters is located in Apalit, Pampanga. Other prominent religious groups include United Methodist, Church of the Nazarene, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, Most Holy Church of God in Christ Jesus, Jesus is Lord Church, Seventh-day Adventist, Evangelicals, Islam, Aglipayan, Jesus Miracle Crusade and many other religious groups are also found and established in the province.

Economy[edit]

Farming and fishing are the two main industries of the province. Major products include rice, corn, sugar cane, and tilapia. In addition to farming and fishing, the province also supports thriving cottage industries that specialize in wood carving, furniture-making, guitars, and handicrafts. Every year during the Christmas season, the province of Pampanga becomes the center of a thriving industry centered on handcrafted lighted lanterns called "parols" that displays a kaleidoscope of light and color. Other industries include its casket industry and the manufacturing of all Purpose Vehicles present in the Municipality of Sto. Tomas.

The province is famous for its sophisticated culinary industry. Kapampangans are well known for their culinary creations. Well known food products range from the ordinary to the exotic. Pampanga's Best and Mekeni Food are among the better known meat brands of the country producing Kapampangan favorites such as pork and chicken tocinos, beef tapa, hot dogs, and longanezas (Philippines-style sausages and cured meats.)

Speciality foods such as the siopao, pandesal, tutong, lechon (roasted pig) and its sarsa (sauce), are popular speciality foods in the region. The more exotic betute tugak (stuffed frog), kamaru (mole crickets) cooked ala adobo, bulanglang (pork cooked in guava juice), lechon kawali, and bringhe (a green sticky rice dish like paella) are a mainstay in Kapampangan feasts. Native sweets and delicacies like pastillas, turonnes de casuy, buro, are the most sought after by Filipinos including a growing number of tourists who enjoy authentic Kapampangan cuisine. The famous cookie in Mexico, Pampanga, Sanikulas, which is known as the mother of all Philippine cookies are one of the best and the best are made in Mexico, Pampanga by Mrs. Lillian Borromeo.

Tourism is a growing industry in the province of Pampanga. Clark Freeport is home to Clark International Airport, designated as the Philippines' future premier gateway.[citation needed]. Other developing industries include semiconductor manufacturing for electronics and computers mostly located within the freeport.

Within the Clark Special Economic Zone are well established hotels and resorts. Popular tourist destinations in the province include: St. Peter Shrine in Apalit, Mt. Arayat National Park in San Juan Bano, Arayat, the Paskuhan Village in the City of San Fernando, the Casino Filipino in Angeles City, and for Nature and Wildlife "Paradise Ranch and Zoocobia Fun Zoo" in Clark. Well known annual events include the Giant Lantern Festival in December, the annual hot air balloon festival in Clarkfield during the month of February, the San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites celebrated two days before Easter and the Aguman Sanduk in Minalin celebrated on the afternoon of New Year's Day.

Infrastructure[edit]

Telecommunication[edit]

Telephone services in the Province are provided by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), Digitel, Datelcom, the Evangelista Telephone Company, and the Pampanga Telecom Company in the town of Macabebe. The province has 24 public telegraph offices distributed among its towns while the facilities of PT&T and RCPI were set up to serve the business centers in Angeles City, San Fernando City and Guagua.[9]

Several Internet Service Providers and available in the province. These include the Angeles Computer Network Specialist, Information Resources Network System, Inc., Mosaic communications Inc., Net Asia Angeles City, Phil World On Line and Comclark Network and Technology Corp.

United Parcel Services (UPS) and Federal Express (FedEx) provide international courier services for the province and the rest of the country. Their hubs are located within the Clark Freeport Zone. These international courier are complemented by four local couriers operating as the communication and baggage of the province. There are 3 postal district offices and 35 post office stations distributed in the 20 municipalities and 2 cities of the province.[10]

Water and power[edit]

Potable water supply in the province reaches the populace through three levels namely: Level I (point source system), Level II (communal faucet system), and Level III (individual connections). A well or spring is the pinpointed water source in areas where houses are few as the system is only designed to serve 15 to 25 households. As of 1997, there were 128,571 Level I water system users in the province. The communal faucet system (Level II) serves the rural areas while the Level III system is managed by the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA). The system provides individual house connections to all second and first class private subdivisions.

Electric power is distributed to majority of the towns through the distribution centers of the Pampanga Electric Cooperative (PELCO) which include PELCO I, II, III. Small parts of Candaba and Macabebe are also supplied by Manila Electric Company (MERALCO). Angeles City and small parts of Mabalacat, Bacolor, and Porac are supplied by Angeles Electric Corporation (AEC). City of San Fernando is supplied by San Fernando Electric Company (SFELAPCO).[9]

Transportation[edit]

The province of Pampanga is strategically located at the crossroads of central Luzon and is highly accessible by both air and land. The province is home to two airstrips: Basa Air Base in Floridablanca, which is utilized by the military, and Clark International Airport in Clark Freeport Zone. Pampanga also has five existing municipal ports which function as fish landing centers. These are situated in the municipalities of Guagua, Macabebe, Masantol, Minalin, and Sasmuan.[9]

Land travel to the province is made easy by numerous buses that travel the routes of Manila-Pampanga-Bataan, Manila-Pampanga-Zambales, Manila-Pampanga-Tarlac, Manila-Pampanga-Nueva Ecija, Manila-Bulacan-Pampanga, and Manila-Pampanga-Dagupan. These buses are serviced by:

  • Philippine Rabbit,
  • Genesis Transport Service
  • Five Star Bus Co.
  • Hernandez Liner
  • Fermina Express
  • Saulog Transit Inc.
  • Victory Liner
  • Dagupan Bus Company
  • Santrans
  • Fariñas Trans.
  • Dominion Bus Lines
  • Arayat Express
  • Sierra Madre Trans.
  • RJ Express
  • Partas
  • Vizcaya Liner
  • Baliwag Transit.[9]
  • Solid North Transit Inc.

The 84 kilometres (52 mi) North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) extends from Balintawak in Metro Manila to Sta. Ines in Pampanga. It passes through the large cities of San Fernando, Angeles and ends through Sta. Ines in Mabalacat, which is located near Clark Field, and municipalities of Minalin and San Simon

The 94 kilometres (58 mi) four-lane Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) to date, is the longest toll expressway in the Philippines. Its southern terminus is located at the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales, and passes through the Clark Freeport Zone in two interchanges: Clark North and Clark South. The expressway is linked to the North Luzon Expressway through the Mabalacat Interchange. Its northern terminus is located at the Central Techno Park in Tarlac City, Tarlac.

Schools[edit]

International Schools[edit]

  • Westfields International School, Angeles City
  • Noblesse International School, Angeles City
  • Saint Paul American School - Clark, Clark
  • Royal International School, Angeles City
  • Pax et Lumen International Academy, Angeles City
  • American International Learning Academy
  • Walen International School
  • Diamond Montessori School Incorporated
  • Springhill Montessori School
  • Stedar International Montessori
  • Brightwoods School
  • L'Altra Montessori
  • Mount Zion Sanctuary International School Foundation, Inc., Angeles City
  • Living Stone International School, Angeles City
  • Global Standard English Language School
  • Clark Education City, Clark
  • Ivoline Clark

Colleges or Universities[edit]

  • Angeles University Foundation, Angeles City
  • Holy Angel University, Angeles City
  • St. Nicolas College of Business and Technology
  • Infant Jesus Academy (IJA )
  • Guagua National Colleges, Guagua
  • New Era University, City of San Fernando
  • SAINT MARY'S ANGELS COLLEGE OF PAMPANGA, STA ANA SAN PEDRO PAMPANGA
  • Holy Cross College
  • Harvardian Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Colegio de Sebastian, City of San Fernando
  • University of the Philippines - Diliman Extension Program in Pampanga, Clark Freeport Zone
  • Mother Of Good Counsel Minor Seminary, City of San Fernando
  • NorthPoint Academy for Culinary Arts, Culinary School in San Fernando, Pampanga.
  • University of the Assumption, City of San Fernando
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Bacolor
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Mexico
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Lubao
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Sto. Tomas
  • Church Education System Seminary & Institute of Religion, in every chapels of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Pampanga Colleges - Macabebe
  • The Metropolitan Academy Of Arts & Beauty - Pampanga, City of San Fernando
  • Information and Communication Technology High School, San Fernando
  • Mabalacat College, Dolores, Mabalacat City
  • Bro. Andrew Gonzales Technical High School
  • Proverbsville School -Angeles City/City of San Fernando
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Center of Studies and Schools, City of San Fernando, Pampanga
  • Mauaque National High School, Sapang Biabas, Mabalacat City
  • Mary Help of Christians School Inc. Mabiga, Mabalacat City
  • Republic Central Colleges, Angeles City
  • Arayat Institute, Arayat
  • Saint Anthony College of Technology, Mabalacat City
  • AMA Computer College, Angeles City and City of San Fernando
  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Angeles City and City San Fernando
  • AMA Computer Learning Center, Apalit, Pampanga
  • Mother of Good Counsel Major Seminary, City of San Fernando
  • Santa Rita College Integrated School, Santa Rita, Pampanga
  • Mary the Queen College, Guagua
  • East Central Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Mt. Carmel Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Philippine State College of Aeronautics, Basa Air Base, Floridablanca
  • Asian College of Science & Technology
  • St. Augustine School of Nursing, Angeles City
  • Central Luzon College of Science and Technology (CELTECH College),[11] City of San Fernando
  • Development for Advanced Technology Achievement (DATA) College, City of San Fernando
  • Harvadian Colleges, City of San Fernando
  • Jocson College, Angeles City
  • Mega Computer College, Angeles City
  • Systems Plus College Foundation, Inc., Angeles City
  • Mother of Perpetual Help Institute School of Midwifery and Nursing Aide, Angeles City
  • STI Colleges, Angeles City and City of San Fernando
  • Jose C. Feliciano College, Inc., Dau, Mabalacat City
  • Saint Michael's College, Guagua
  • Dau Academy-St. Muchen, Dau, Mabalacat City
  • Megabyte College of Science and Technology, Floridablanca and Guagua
  • Holy Cross College Pampanga, Sta. Ana
  • Pampanga State Agricultural University, formerly Pampanga Agricultural College, Magalang[12]
  • Pampanga Colleges, Macabebe
  • Pampanga Institute, Masantol
  • Somascan Fathers Seminary, Lubao
  • Dee Hwa Liong College Foundation, Mabalacat City
  • Gonzalo Puyat School of Arts and Trades, San Luis
  • TESDA Training Center, PEO Sindalan, City of San Fernando
  • Asian Institute of Computer Studies, Mabalacat City and City of San Fernando
  • Integrated Computer School Foundation, Angeles City
  • Computer System Specialist, Inc., Angeles City
  • La Verdad Christian College, Apalit, Pampanga

Elementary and/or Secondary Schools[edit]

  • Don Bosco Academy Pampanga,[13] Mabiga, Mabalacat City
  • Holy Family Academy,[14] Angeles City
  • O.B. Montessori Center Inc., Angeles City,[15] Angeles City
  • Holy Family Child Formation Center, Inc.,[16] Candaba, Pampanga
  • Chevalier School, Angeles City
  • Andres Luciano M. High School, San Pablo, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Hillcrest Heights Institute, San Francisco, Magalang, Pampanga
  • St. Nicholas Academy:CCEI Macabebe, Pampanga
  • Dominican School Pampanga, San Matias Santa Rita, Pampanga
  • St. Scholastica's Academy, City of San Fernando
  • Justino Sevilla High School, Arayat, Pampanga
  • Maccim Royal Academy, Lubao, Pampanga
  • Narciso School Inc., Angeles City
  • Pampanga High School, City of San Fernando
  • San Fernando Elementary School
  • Mabalacat National High School
  • Heath's Montessori Elementary School
  • Humphrey Foundation Learning Center, Plaridel II Subdivision, Angeles City
  • Claro M. Recto Information Communication and Technology High School
  • Infant Jesus Academy - Pilar Village, City of San Fernando
  • Philippine Science High School Central Luzon Campus, Clark Freeport Zone
  • Don Teodoro V. Santos Institute, Mabalacat City
  • Lubao Institute (LI - Established 1929)
  • Jesus is Lord Christian School - San Agustin, San Fernando, Pampanga
  • St. Anthony Academy - Guagua,Pampanga (Located at the boundary of Sta Monica Lubao and San Antonio Guagua - since 1971
  • St. Mary's Academy - Guagua, Pampanga (also known as Sacred Heart Academy) - since 1908
  • Sta Cruz Academy - Sta Cruz Lubao, Pampanga
  • Sta Cruz National Highschool - Sta Cruz Lubao, Pampanga
  • Holy Cross Institute - Sta Cruz Lubao, Pampanga
  • Planas Elementary School
  • Assumpta Technical High School-Assumption Pampanga, Religious of the Assumption, San Simon[17]
  • Pampanga Institute - Masantol, Pampanga
  • St. Augustine Academy of Pampanga, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Diosdado P. Macapagal Memorial High School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Gutad High School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Don Antonio Lee Chi Uan Integrated School(Xevera Pampanga)-Bacolor, Pampanga
  • Montessori de Xevera - Mabalacat City, Pampanga
  • Montessori School of Saint Nicholas - Dau, Mabalacat, Pampanga
  • Angeles City Sped Center - Angeles City, Pampanga
  • Floridablanca Elementary School, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Cabetican Elementary School, Bacolor, Pampanga
  • San Vicente Pilot School for Philippine Craftsmen [NVSAA], Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando http://bradpetehoops.blogspot.com/2013/11/san-vicente-pilot-school-for-philippine.html
  • BAGTECH [NVSAA], San Juan, Apalit
  • FNAS [NVSAA], Floridablanca
  • Potrero High School, Bulaon Resettlement, City of San Fernando
  • Malino High School, San Jose Malino, Mexico, Pampanga [18]
  • Information and Communication Technology High School, Sindalan, City of San Fernando, Pampanga
  • Santa Rita Catholic School, Santa Rita
  • EZEE Center for the Arts & School Inc.
  • Santa Rita College Integrated School, Santa Rita
  • Lourdes School of Pampanga, San Roque Dau 2nd Lubao, Pampanga
  • Pampanga Agricultural College - High School, Magalang
  • Sto. Rosario High School - Minalin
  • Angeles City Science High School
  • Achievers Special Education
  • Minalin Central Elementary School - Minalin
  • Porac Model Community High School - Porac
  • Holy Rosary Academy - Lubao, Pampanga(Established 1950)
  • Republic Central Colleges, Angeles City
  • Sta Monica de Minalin Montessori School, Minalin Pampanga
  • Magalang Christian Ecumenical School, Magalang
  • Planas High School - Planas, Porac, Pampanga
  • Arayat Holy Child Educational Foundation Inc. Arayat, Pampanga
  • St. Augustine Academy of Pampanga, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • Mabiga Elementary School, Mabiga, Mabalacat City
  • Basic Thoughts Learning Center, Mexico, Pampanga
  • Claro M Recto Information and Communication Technology High School, Angeles City
  • Colegio de San Lorenzo Pampanga Campus - Macabebe
  • Psalms Academy of Pampanga, Inc. - Guagua
  • School of St. Brother Benilde- De La Salle Supervised,Mexico, Pampanga
  • Magalang Institute, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Little Saint's School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • St. Bernice School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Golden Vine Center For Child Care and Development, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Bucanan Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • San Miguel Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • San Francisco Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • San Pablo Elementary School, Magalang, Pampanga
  • Hillcrest Baptist Academy, Angeles City, Pampanga
  • Nazarene Academy, Angeles City, Pampanga
  • Apalit Christian Ecumenical School, Apalit, Pampanga
  • CITY COLLEGE of ANGELES, Angeles City
  • Pandan Elementary School, Pandan Angeles City.
  • San Ignacio Elementary School, San Ignacio Pandan, Angeles City.
  • Francisco G. Nepomuceno Memorial High School, Pandan Angeles City.
  • Duquit High School, Brgy. Duquit, Mabalacat City
  • Madapdap Resettlement National High School, Mabalacat City
  • Guillermo D. Mendoza High School, Guagua
  • Holy Cross, sta ana
  • Sta Ana Elementary School, Sta Ana
  • Diosdado Macapagal High School, Mexico
  • Saint Mary's Angels College of Pampanga, Sta Ana
  • Mexico National High School, Mexico[19]
Not all school are included

Tourist attractions[edit]

Festivals[edit]

  • Évery Week of January "Sunday" - Ding labas larawan king Masantol Masantol
  • April 10–13 - Philippine International Balloon Festival, Lubao
  • May 1 - Pinukpukan Festival, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • May 8 - Batalla Festival (Batallya) Masantol
  • April every 3rd or 4th Sunday - Tabang Talangka Festival, San Roque, Bebe Anac Masantol
  • August 15 16 17 - Batala Festival (Batallya) San Roque de Montpelier, Bebe Anac Masantol
  • May 13 Batala San Nicolas, San Nicolas Masantol
  • December 13 Batala Apu Lucia, Santa Lucia Masantol
  • January 1 — Aguman Sanduk, Minalin
  • January 6 — 10 Kuraldal, Sasmuan
  • February — Philippine International Hot-Air Balloon Fiesta, Clark Field, Angeles City
  • February 28–29 - Caragan Festival, Mabalacat
  • March/April (Good Friday) — San Pedro Cutud Lenten Rites (Mal a Aldo), City of San Fernando
  • May 5 - Sampaguita Festival of Lubao
  • May — Sabat/Santacruzan
  • May (First week) - El Circulo Fernandino
  • June 15 - Mt. Pinatubo Day (Aldo ning Bunduc Pinatubo)
  • June 28–30 — Apung Iru Fluvial Procession, Apalit
  • August 27 - Apung Monica Fluvial Procession, Minalin
  • September 10 - Sanikulas Festival, Mexico, Pampanga
  • September 28 - San Lorenzo Ruiz Feast, Dau, Mabalacat City
  • October — Pyestang Tugak (Frog Festival), City of San Fernando
  • October — Fiestang Kuliat-Twin Fiesta (La Naval de Angeles and Apung Mamacalulu), Angeles City
  • Last Friday and Saturday of October — Tigtigan Terakan Keng Dalan, Angeles City
  • November - Makatapak Festival, Bacolor - http://bradpetehoops.blogspot.com/2010/11/makatapak-festival.html
  • November (Last week of November) — Duman Festival, Sta. Rita
  • December — Sisig Festival (Sadsaran Qng Angeles), SM Clark, Angeles City
  • December 1–7 — Sinukwan Festival, City of San Fernando
  • December 11 — Aldo Ning Kapampangan (Pampanga Day)
  • December "Dukit Festival" — Betis
  • July and December "Serenata" — Betis
  • December - Saturday before Christmas Eve — Ligligan Parul (Giant Lantern Festival), City of San Fernando
  • December 16–24 - Lubenas, various towns in Northern Pampanga

Throughout the year, various towns and cities within the Province of Pampanga celebrates feasts honoring their patron saint. These fiesta days are listed below:

  • Angeles City — Second Sunday of October "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Angeles"
  • Apalit — June 28,29 and 30 "San Pedro Apostol"
  • Arayat — November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • Bacolor — Third Sunday of November "Nuestra Señora del Santisimo Rosario de La Naval de Bacolor"
  • Candaba — November 30 "San Andres Apostol"
  • Floridablanca — May 1 "San Jose Talapagobra"
  • Betis — July and December "Santiago Apostol"
  • Guagua — December 8 "La Purisima Concepcion"
  • Lubao — August 28 "San Agustin de Hippo"
  • Mabalacat — February 2 "Nuestra Señora de la Divina Gracia"
  • Macabebe — September 10 "San Nicolas Tolentino"
  • Magalang — August 24 "San Bartolome Apostol"
  • Masantol — May 8 "San Miguel Arcanghel"
  • Mexico — May 4 "Santa Monica"
  • Minalin — Second Sunday of May "Santa Monica"
  • Porac — November 25 "Santa Catalina Alexandria"
  • City of San Fernando — May 30 "San Fernando Rey"
  • San Luis — June 21 "San Luis Gonzaga"
  • San Simon — October 12 "Nuestra Señora del Pilar"
  • Santa Ana — July 26 "Santa Ana"
  • Santa Rita — May 22 "Santa Rita de Casia"
  • Santo Domingo - August 8 "Sto. Domingo De Guzman"
  • Santo Tomas — December 21 "Santo Tomas Apostol
  • Sasmuan — December 13 "Santa Lucia Martir"

In addition to the town fiesta many barangays within each municipality celebrates a local fiesta also honoring a particular patron saint.

Heritage churches and shrines[edit]

  • St. Joseph the Worker Parish, Floridablanca, Pampanga
  • San Vicente Ferrer Parish Church, Calulut, City of San Fernando
  • Our Lady Of Grace Parish Church, Mabalacat
  • Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando, City of San Fernando
  • St. James the Apostle — Betis Church, Betis, Guagua (National Cultural Treasure)
  • San Agustin Church, Lubao (National Historical Landmark)- Oldest in Pampanga
  • San Guillermo Church, Bacolor
  • Sta. Catalina Church, Arayat
  • Sta. Ana Church, Sta. Ana
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Paris, Dau, Mabalacat City
  • Sta. Monica Parish Old Belfry, Mexico
  • San Jose old Visita, San Jose Matulid, Mexico
  • San Luis Gonzaga Church, San Luis
  • Sto. Rosario (Holy Rosary) Church, Angeles City
  • Sta. Monica Church, Minalin (National Cultural Treasure)
  • La Purisima Concepcion Church, Guagua
  • St. Peter Parish Church, San Juan, Apalit
  • San. Andres Apostol Church, Candaba
  • San Bartolome Church, Magalang
  • Shrine of the Lord of the Holy Sepulcher of Angeles City (Apung Mamacalulu), Angeles City
  • Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, Cabetican, Bacolor
  • Pio Chapel, Porac
  • Sta. Catalina Church, Porac
  • San Nicolas de Tolentino Church, Macabebe
  • San Miguel Archanghel Church, Masantol
  • Sta. Rita Church, Sta. Rita
  • Sta. Lucia Church, Sasmuan
  • Sto. Tomas Church, Sto. Tomas
  • Nuestra Senora Del Pilar, San. Simon
  • Goddess of Peace Shrine (Buddish)[Filipino-Japanese Friendship] Lily Hill, Clarkfield, Pampanga

Historical landmarks[edit]

Angeles City Historical Sites

  • Fort Stotsenburg
  • Old Pamintuan Residence
  • Don Juan Nepomuceno Residence
  • Holy Family Academy Building
  • Camalig
  • Bale Herencia
  • Angeles Post Office Building (now houses the Angeles Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Center)
  • Lily Hill
  • Bale Matua
  • Bayanihan Park (formerly Astro Park)
  • Salakot Arch
  • Museo Ning Angeles

Bacolor Historical Sites

  • San Guillermo Parish Church (the Sunken Church)
  • The Sunken Shrine (Cabetican)
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University
  • Monument to Simon de Anda y Salazar
  • Monument to Juan Crisostomo Soto
  • Monument to Felix Galura Y. Napao
  • 100th kilometre Bataan Death March Marker
  • Museo de Bacolor or Recuerdos Sagrados de Bacolor (Sacred Memorabilla of Bacolor)

Mabalacat Historical Site

  • Kamikaze Shrine

Lubao Historical Site

  • San Agustin Parish Church, Lubao Old Church
  • Pres. Diosdado Macapagal Residence/Library & Museum

Arayat Historical Sites

  • St. Catherine Alexandria Parish Church
  • Mt. Arayat
  • Cong. Dadong Dam

Natural parks[edit]

  • Mt. Arayat National Park (Arayat)
  • Scenic Candaba Swamps and Wild Duck & Birds Sanctuary (Candaba)
  • Mt. Pinatubo Crater (Pampanga/Tarlac/Zambales)
  • Dara Falls (Porac) - Pampanga's version of the Pagsanjan Falls of Laguna
  • Miyamit Falls & Porac Peak (Porac)
  • Hot Spring of Sitio Puning (Porac via Sapang Bato, Angeles City)
  • Cong Dadong Dam (Arayat)
  • Maruring Falls (Mabalacat)
  • Lahar Canyon (Porac & Bacolor)
  • Muñoz Park - (Minalin)

Government and politics[edit]

Like other Provinces in the Philippines, Pampanga is governed by a Governor and Vice Governor who are elected to three-year terms. The Governor is the executive head and leads the Province's departments in executing the ordinances and improving public services. The Vice Governor heads a legislative council (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) consisting of Board Members from the Districts.

Provincial Government[edit]

Pampanga Provincial Capitol

Just as the national government, the Provincial government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.

The executive branch is composed of the Governor for the province, mayors for the cities and municipalities, and the barangay captains for the barangays.Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III, Department of Interior and Local Government official website. The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (provincial assembly) for the provinces, Sangguniang Panlungsod (city assembly) for the cities, Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly) for the municipalities, Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council), and the Sangguniang Kabataan for the youth sector.

The seat of Government is vested upon the Governor and other elected officers who hold office at the Provincial Capitol building. The Sanguniang Panlalawigan is the center of legislation.

Court system[edit]

The Supreme Court of the Philippines recognizes Pampanga regional trial courts and metropolitan or municipal trial courts within the province and towns, that have an over-all jurisdiction in the populace of the province and towns, respectively.[20]

Façade of Halls of Justice (view from the rear of the Capitolio)

Batas Pambansa Blg. 129, "The Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980", as amended, created Regional, Metropolitan, Municipal Trial and Circuit Courts. The Third Judicial Region includes RTCs in Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Palayan and San Jose, inter alia: xxx. There shall be - (c) Seventy-five Regional Trial judges shall be commissioned for the Third Judicial Region: Twenty-two branches (Branches XLI to LXII) for the province of Pampanga and the city of Angeles, Branches XLI to XLVIII with seats at San Fernando, Branches XLIX to LIII at Guagua, Branches LIV and LV at Macabebe, and Branches LVI to LXII at Angeles City;

The law also created Metropolitan Trial Court in each metropolitan area established by law, a Municipal Trial Court in each of the other cities or municipalities, and a Municipal Circuit Trial Court in each circuit comprising such cities and/or municipalities as are grouped together pursuant to law: three branches for Cabanatuan City; in every city which does not form part of a metropolitan area, there shall be a Municipal Trial Court with one branch, except as hereunder provided: Three branches for Angeles City;

In each of the municipalities that are not comprised within a metropolitan area and a municipal circuit there shall be a Municipal Trial Court which shall have one branch, except as hereunder provided: Four branches for San Fernando and two branches for Guagua, both of Pampanga.[21]

Governors of Pampanga[edit]

Main article: Governor of Pampanga

Notable people from Pampanga[edit]

Politics[edit]

  • Francisco Tongio Liongson, Doctor of Medicine. - Born on December 3, 1869 in Bacolor, Pampanga, he served as Pampanga's Health Board President (1902), Governor (1912-1916), and First Senator (1916-1919).
  • Pedro Tongio Liongson, Lawyer. - Born on January 31, 1865 in Bacolor, Pampanga, he served as Bacolor's Justice of the Peace and interim judge of Pampanga's Court of First Instance (1892-1898), member of the Malolos Congress (1898-1899), Judge Advocate General of the Army of the First Philippine Republic (1899-1900) and Bacolor's Municipal Councilor 1901.
  • José Abad Santos - born in San Fernando, Pampanga, the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He was appointed acting president by President Quezon with full authority to act on behalf of the President of the Philippines in areas unoccupied by the Japanese. He was killed by Japanese forces during the occupation of the Philippines in World War II.
  • Pedro Abad Santos, founder of the Socialist Party. Ideological mentor of Luis Taruc.
  • Diosdado Pangan Macapagal, 9th President of the Republic of the Philippines and a native of Lubao, Pampanga.
  • Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo - 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. She is the daughter of the 9th President of the Republic Diosdado Macapagal. She was the country's second Female President after Corazon Aquino. She also was the country's first Female Vice President during the tenure of the now Deposed Former President Joseph Ejercito Estrada. She currently serves as the representative of the 2nd District. She is currently under hospital arrest in Veterans Memorial Hospital due to crimes of graft and corruption filed against her.
  • Joe Lingad, a one-term governor and congressman. Served as Secretary of Labor during Macapagal administration. Identified with the political opposition during the Marcos regime, he was assassinated in 1980 while campaigning for election as Pampanga governor.
  • Eddie Panlilio, born in Minalin, Pampanga, was the first Filipino priest to be elected as Governor in Philippine history.
  • Reynato Puno

Businessmen[edit]

  • Gil J. Puyat. Senate President of the Philippines from 1967 to 1972. Former Dean of Business, University of the Philippines (1940), Philippine Senator (1960–1972), Rotary President and Businessman (Finance and Insurance). He is the third child of Don Gonzalo Puyat. Founder of the Manila Bank, Manila Bankers Life and Loyola Group of Companies.

Artists and entertainers[edit]

  • Francisco Alonso Liongson, playwright. Born on July 1, 1896 in Bacolor, Pampanga. Considered one of the Philippines outstanding Spanish playwright and was the founding president of Circulo Escenico, the Philippines premier Spanish dramatics club (1922-1980).
  • Helen Gamboa, singer/actress, wife of Sen. Vicente Sotto III
  • Rogelio dela Rosa, a native of Lubao, Pampanga. one of the most popular Filipino matinee idols of the 20th century and was elected to the Senate in 1957—the first film actor who was able to parlay his fame into a political career, paving the way for other Filipino entertainers-turned-politicians. He had an equally famous brother, Jaime dela Rosa, also a matinee idol in the 1950s.
  • Rosa Rosal born Florence Lansang Danon in Manila. Her mother hailed from Santa Rita, Pampanga, while her father was of French and Egyptian descent.[22]
Zoilo J. Hilario Y Sangalang Monument, Pampanga Provincial Capitol.
  • apl.de.ap (Allan Pineda Lindo), member of the Grammy-award winning group, The Black Eyed Peas, born in Sapang Bato, Angeles City. Known for his patriotic song called "The Apl Song" found on the Peas' 2003 album Elephunk
  • Melanie Marquez, beauty queen turned actress from Mabalacat. Miss International 1979 and was voted as the Most Beautiful Miss International in 2000. Sister of another local actor, Joey Marquez.
  • Vanessa Minnillo, American television personality born in Clark Air Base, Angeles City and raised in the US. She was Miss Teen USA 1998 and is currently a host on MTV's Total Request Live.
  • Donita Rose, born in the US, she moved to Angeles City, where her father was designated at the US Clark Air Base, when she was five years old. She went on to become a famous local actress and MTV VJ in Asia.
  • Lea Salonga, Tony Award-winning singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. She spent the first six years of her childhood in Angeles City before moving to Manila.
  • Aurelio Tolentino, original member of the Katipunan and nationalist playwright. He was born in Guagua. He was one of the so-called seditious playwrights whose works became the foundation for the nation's political theater. His most famous work is "Kahapon, Ngayon at Bukas" written in 1903. The Tanghalang Aurelio Tolentino, commonly known as the Little Theater of the Cultural Center of the Philippines is named after him.
  • Brillante Mendoza, Filipino film director who won Best Director for his film Kinatay at the recently concluded 62nd Cannes Film Festival in France.
  • Yves Flores is a model and actor who was a "Housemate" in Pinoy Big Brother (PBB) Teen Edition 4, and most recently appeared in the hit primetime TV series "Got to Believe." He was born in Pampanga and his family later moved to Tarlac.
  • Apl.de.ap- a world-renowned musical artist, is a founding member of Black Eyed Peas.

Religious leaders[edit]

Others[edit]

  • Kristine Johnson, co-anchor at WCBS-TV, the first Filipino-American to serve as the face of a major network newscast in New York She was previously an anchor of Early Today and Weekend Today. She was born in Clark Air Base[23][24]
  • Luis Taruc - was the Supremo of the Hukbalahap (Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon), and later of the HMB (Hukbong Mapagpalayang Bayan).
  • Efren "Bata" Reyes, referred to as "The Magician" a very popular Filipino billiards player from Angeles City. He is considered to be one of history's greatest practitioners of billiards.

Sports[edit]

  • Ato Agustin - from Lubao, Pampanga. Better known as Ato "The Atom Bomb" Agustin, is a former Filipino professional basketball player. He played college ball for the Lyceum of the Philippines, before moving on to play professional basketball in the Philippine Basketball Association. PBA one-time MVP, multiple championship as a player and solitary title as coach. One of the fastest coach to win a title. One-time MBA Champion and Best Guard (1998 maiden season).
  • Chris Tiu, team captain of Ateneo Blue Eagles in UAAP Season 71 Men's Basketball Championship. Currently host of Pinoy Records. He has a Chinese-Kapampangan ancestry.
  • Efren "Bata" Reyes, referred to as "The Magician" a Filipino billiards player who hails from Angeles City. He is considered to be one of history's greatest practitioners of billiards.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ East of Bali: from Lombok to Timor - Colonial Kupang
  4. ^ Citerep Palace Opera (Indonesian)
  5. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Massive Growth and Expansion in Luzon, then to Visayas and to Mindanao". March 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Beginnings". March 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d Province of Pampanga, A Profile of Region III September, 2001.
  10. ^ Official website of the Province of Pampanga
  11. ^ http://www.clcst.edu.ph
  12. ^ http://www.pac.edu.ph/
  13. ^ http://www.dbapampanga.net//
  14. ^ http://www.hfa.edu.ph/
  15. ^ http://www.obmontessori.edu.ph/location.php?content=angeles
  16. ^ https://www.facebook.com/holyfamilychild.formationcenter/
  17. ^ http://www.assumptans.com/
  18. ^ http://bradpetehoops.blogspot.com/2013/02/malino-high-school.html
  19. ^ https://www.facebook.com/mexiconationalhighschool
  20. ^ http://www.chanrobles.com/republicactno8369.htm
  21. ^ http://www.chanrobles.com/bataspambansabilang129.html
  22. ^ "The 1999 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service: Biography of Rosa Rosal". Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  23. ^ Hoy! Pinoy Ako!
  24. ^ wcbstv.com - Kristine Johnson
  25. ^ Ivan About Town: Ninoy and FPJ death masks on display in Pampanga

External links[edit]