Pamplona, Negros Oriental

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Pamplona
Municipality
Map of Negros Oriental with Pamplona highlighted
Map of Negros Oriental with Pamplona highlighted
Pamplona is located in Philippines
Pamplona
Pamplona
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 09°28′N 123°07′E / 9.467°N 123.117°E / 9.467; 123.117Coordinates: 09°28′N 123°07′E / 9.467°N 123.117°E / 9.467; 123.117
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Negros Oriental
Congr. district 2nd district of Negros Oriental
Established 1950
Barangays 16
Government[1]
 • Mayor Apollo P. Arnaiz
Area[2]
 • Total 202.20 km2 (78.07 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 34,906
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6205
Dialing code 35

Pamplona is a third class municipality in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 34,906 people.[3]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the place was called “Tampa”, named after a big shady tree located at the heart of the town. The naming of the place into Pamplona has two versions:

  • According to professor Timoteo Oracion, a historian of Silliman University, Pamplona was named after the town in Spain called Pamplona. According to his version, the first Spanish priest who was assigned to the place was amazed by the beautiful terrain which resembles to that of Pamplona, Spain. So that Tampa was renamed into Pamplona.
  • Other history told by the old people of the place is that the place was called after a certain priest named Fr. Santiago Pamplona, the first Spanish Curate assigned in area.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Pamplona is located 38 kilometres (24 mi) northwest of Dumaguete City, the capital City of Negros Oriental, and 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) west of the municipality of Tanjay.

Tanjay bounds it on the north, on the east by the municipality of Amlan and Tanjay, on the south by the municipality of Sibulan and on the west by Sta. Catalina.

Barangays[edit]

Pamplona is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.

  • Abante
  • Balayong
  • Banawe
  • Datagon
  • Fatima
  • Inawasan
  • Magsusunog
  • Malalangsi
  • Mamburao
  • Mangoto
  • Poblacion
  • San Isidro
  • Santa Agueda
  • Simborio
  • Yupisan
  • Calicanan

History[edit]

Pamplona, then a barrio of Tanjay, was created into a municipality by virtue of Republic Act No. 535 enacted on June 16, 1950.[4] The law was authored by Pedro Bandoquillio, elected congressman in 1947. Since its creation, it has been administered by six municipal mayors. They were the late Juan Cañaveral, Sergio Aniñon, and late Apolinario P. Arnaiz, Sr., who managed to hold the reign for more than 22 years. After the EDSA Revolution in 1986, Douglas T. Diago was appointed as Officer In Charge, ran and won in the 1987 election and took the reign for twelve years, managing to complete his three term of mayorship from 1986-1998.

The late Wenceslao E. Duran, the undefeated politician, took hold of the administration for a brief period, after winning the 1998 election. He died of cardiac arrest while delivering his address during training in the municipality on December 18, 1999. Atty. Ricarte R. Valencia, who was then the vice mayor took office up to June 30, 2001. He ran for the post and lost in the election. Winning in the three elections in 2001. 2004 and 2007, the young, and energetic Apolinario P. Arnaiz, Jr. now reigns in his three terms of office.Last May 2010 Election, the brother of Apolinario P. Arnais, Jr., Appolo P. Arnaiz who won the election and now holds the office.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pamplona
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 27,971 —    
1995 29,235 +0.83%
2000 32,790 +2.49%
2007 34,557 +0.73%
2010 34,906 +0.37%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

There are 243 food establishments operating in the municipality, 218 or 90% which have sanitary permits.

There are 10 sand and gravel companies operating in the municipality, 6 Copra Buyer and 5 Hog Buyer.

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture continues to be the main economic activity in Pamplona as it played an important role in the development of the town. The main crops raised in the place are sugar, coconuts and bananas. Other crops such as corn, rice and other root crops grows in areas where accessibility to farm to market roads is rare. Coconut is the largest crops raised accumulating 3,676 hectares, followed by sugar 3,432 hectares and corn, 1,022 hectares. Only 107 hectares are irrigated rice land while 643 hectares are upland rice. Of the total agriculture areas of the municipality, 11,395 is strategic areas for development of Agro-industrial crops, 1,925 hectares for food crops while 925 for High Value Crops. Other agri-related economic activities which greatly helped in the increase of farmer’s income is livestock raising. Record shows that livestock raised includes large cattle, swine, chicken, goats and many others. Other information on agricultural support facilities are shown in the following presentation.

Tourism[edit]

The municipality launched the Kasulad Festival on October 1–12, 2005. This is a yearly festival which will include street dancing and agricultural and industrial fair.

Another potential area which attracts visitors, is the sulfuric water falls known as The Palaypay Falls. Its water source is nestled by the mountains of Sibulan. The place is accessible by four wheel drive vehicles and motorcycles, being connected by rough roads. It is located 12 kilometers from the Poblacion and can be reached within 30-min drive or 2h walk from the Poblacion.

Mountain ridges overlooking the plains of Pamplona, can be an object for viewers of scenic beauties. Nabalabag ridge, located at an elevation of 800 m above sea level at barangay San Isidro, overlooks on the west at municipalities of Bayawan and Sta. Catalina and in the east, with the town of Pamplona, Tanjay and Manjuyod and the city of Bais.

Pasalubong delicacies processed in the municipality include Glazed Banana and Carmelitos. The famous Bodbod is also processed in the area.

Education[edit]

The municipality has a total of 23 established primary and elementary schools. Each of the sixteen barangays composing the municipality has at least one primary school. There are barangays who have more than two. San Isidro, the first largest barangays as to land area and second in population has four schools, two complete elementary and two primary schools.

School enrolment for the school year 2004-2005 totalled to 6,417. A total number of 165 teachers are delivering education services.

Pamplona school district to the present has 149 school buildings. This includes buildings which dilapidated, and requires repair. Ten percent of these are beyond repair and needs new construction for replacement.

There are three secondary schools in the municipality. These are Pamplona National High School at Poblacion, Sta. Agueda National High School at Sta. Agueda and Isidoro Salma Memorial School at Balayong.

Performance indicator for the School year 2004-2005 revealed that the literacy rate is 80%, Cohort Survival rate is 40.89%, drop out rate is 2.32%, and participation rate is 85.97. This mean that out of the total children enrolled in schools 2.32% drop out or stop during the school year and of the total school age population, 85.97% are in schools.

The DepEd of Pamplona District is undertaking various educational programs. Among which is the Third Elementary Education Program (TEEP) for School buildings, improvement and Innovation facilities. It envisioned of improving the educational quality of our pupils for global competition. To the moment five buildings were improved and repaired.

The Fifth Country Program for Children (CPC V) has identified another two pilot barangays for its child program. Day care Children, Grades I and II of barangays Magsusunog and Inawasan had availed the program. They were provided with vitamin supplements, plastic chairs and other materials to meet the child-friendly-school standards. Barangay Health Centres on the other hand had received equipment and facilities in the delivery of health services.

Health[edit]

The record of live birth indicates that 20 children are born for every 1,000 population, while death records showed that 4 died for every 1,000. The data shows, that with the total population of 32,000 the municipality’s population will increase to 37,120 by the year 2012. This indicates the need to strengthen the campaign for birth control or family planning. According to the report of the MHO with the total death, 99% or 156 had medical attendance. These proves that medical services is efficient and effective. Of the seven infant deaths three died of Pneumonia, two died of unknown cause and two on stillbirths. Cause of one maternal death was due to Postpartum hemorrhage. The decrease of infant and maternal death rate for the year signified the efficient and effective delivery of health services in the barangays. Despite of the insufficient facilities in the barangays, midwives and health workers efficiently did their jobs. The top three leading causes of mortality showed that 60 died of Pneumonia, 18 died of Cerebrovascular Accident while 17 died of Congestive Hearth Failure, while the top three leading causes of morbidity showed Influenza, Pneumonia and Diarrhea. Basing on the report, Pneumonia is the top leading cause of mortality among infants and adults. The top three leading causes of morbidity are environmentally borne. All three can be accounted to poor environmental sanitation. This situation will guide both health workers and stakeholders where to direct its programs. Malnutrition is still prevalent in the municipality, although incidence of severe malnutrition is 0.7% which is very low, incidence of mild malnutrition is 44% which is still high. The incidence of severe has to be eradicated and the incidence of mild has to be reduced. Improving health condition of the people and total eradication of both infant and maternal death incidence are the endeavors of heath workers. With this, there is a need for substantial support of both the barangay and municipal government units in the form of facilities, supplies and medicines.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Negros Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "An act to convert the barrio of Pamplona, municipality of Tanjay, province of Oriental Negros, to a municipality with the same name". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 

External links[edit]