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Pampulha (Portuguese pronunciation: [pɐ̃ˈpuʎɐ]) is a man-made lake located in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. It is also the name of the surrounding residential neighborhood (primarily to the East and South) and is one of the city's administrative regions.
Many of Belo Horizonte's cultural landmarks are located in Pampulha, including the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, the soccer stadium Mineirão and Mineirinho Arena, Church of Saint Francis of Assisi (designed by Oscar Niemeyer) and the Museum of Modern Art.
The lake was built in the early 1940s during the mayoralty of Juscelino Kubitschek. For the surroundings Oscar Niemeyer designed a group of buildings that became a reference point and influence on modern Brazilian architecture. These include the church of Saint Francisco de Assis, the Museum of Art, the House of Dance and the Tennis Club. The Burle Marx gardens, paintings by Portinari and sculptures by Ceschiatti, Zamoiski and José Pedrosa complete and enhance the project conceived for the lake.
By the side of the lake are a number of leisure facilities such as the Governor Magalhães Pinto Stadium (better known as "Mineirão"), the Mineirinho gymnasium, Botanical Gardens, Zoo, Ecological Park, Equestrian Centre and tracks for cycling and walking.
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