Pan-Maya movement

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The Pan-Mayan Movement is an ethno-political movement among the Maya peoples of Guatemala and Mexico. The movement emerged in the late 1980s and early 1990s in response to long tradition of the political marginalization of the large indigenous population of Guatemala, and particularly in response to the violent counter-insurgency policies that disproportionately affected indigenous communities during the Guatemalan Civil War. The movement was organized around an ideology seeking to unite the speakers of Guatemala's many Mayan languages under a single shared cultural/ethnic identity. The movement was an alternative to either of the parties of the civil war - the communist revolutionaries and the conservative government. Indigenous Mayan linguists trained by North American linguists in the Proyecto linguistico Francisco Marroquin played a major role in organizing the movement. With the 1996 peace accords the movement gained a significant place in Guatemalan politics.


  • Warren, Kay B. 2000. “Pan-Mayanism and the Guatemalan Peace Process.” In, Christopher Chase-Dunn, Susanne Jonas and Nelson Amaro, eds., Globalization on the Ground: Postbellum Guatemalan Democracy and Development, pp. 145-166.
  • Warren, Kay B. 2001.“Mayan Cultural Activism in Guatemala.” In, Davíd Carrasco, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Warren, Kay B. and Jean Jackson. 2005. “Indigenous Movements in Latin America, 1992-2004: Controversies, Ironies, New Directions.” Annual Review of Anthropology 34, (2005):549-573.
  • Warren, Kay B. and Jean Jackson. 2002. Indigenous Movements, Self-Representation, and the State. Co-edited with Jean Jackson. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002.
  • Warren, Kay B.. 1998. Indigenous Movements and Their Critics: Pan-Maya Activism in Guatemala. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.