Pan Am Flight 812

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Pan American Flight 812
A Boeing 707-320B of Pan American World Airways, sister ship to the aircraft which crashed
Accident summary
Date April 22, 1974
Summary Instrument failure, pilot error
Site 68 km (42 mi) northwest of Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Passengers 96
Crew 11
Fatalities 107 (all)
Survivors 0
Aircraft type Boeing 707-320B
Aircraft name Clipper Climax
Operator Pan American World Airways
Registration N446PA
Flight origin Kai Tak International Airport
Stopover Ngurah Rai International Airport
Destination Sydney (Kingsford-Smith) Airport

Pan Am Flight 812, operated by a Pan American World Airways Boeing 707-321B registered N446PA and named Clipper Climax, was a scheduled international flight from Hong Kong to Sydney, Australia with an intermediate stop at Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. On April 22, 1974 it crashed into rough mountainous terrain while preparing for a runway 09 approach to Denpasar after a 4 hour 20 minutes flight from Hong Kong. The location of the accident is about 42.5 nautical miles (78.7 km) northwest of Ngurah Rai International Airport. All of the 96 passengers and 11 crew on board were killed.

Clipper Climax was the jet used in the 1971 film Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory to deliver the guarded shipment of Wonka bars.

Investigation and determination of accident cause[edit]

Examination on the disposition of the wreckage and inspection of the site indicated that no structural failure of the aircraft occurred before impact. It was determined that the premature execution of a right-hand turn to join the 263 degrees outbound track, which was based on the indication given by only one of the Radio Direction Finders while the other one was still in steady condition, is the most probable cause of the accident.

Nationalities of those on board[edit]

The 107 victims on the aircraft came from 11 countries.[1][2][3]
Nationality Passengers Crew Total
 United States 17 9 26
 Sweden 0 1 1
 Denmark 0 1 1
 Japan 29 0 29
 France 18 0 18
 Australia 16 0 16
 West Germany 4 0 4
 Canada 3 0 3
 India unk 0 unk
 Philippines unk 0 unk
 Republic of China unk 0 unk
Total 96 11 107

See also[edit]

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