Pan American Games sports

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The bowling competition held during the Rio de Janeiro 2007 Pan American Games. One of the traditional sports played at each Pan American Games since 1991.

The Pan American Games sports comprise all the sports contested in the Summer Olympic Games.[1] In addition, traditional and popular sports throughout the Americas which are not contested at the Olympic Games are also contested such as bowling and baseball.[1] As of 2011, the Pan American Games will include 36 sports with 40 disciplines and 361 events.[2] The number and kinds of events may change slightly from one Pan American Games to another.

Sports, disciplines, events[edit]

For purposes of Pan American Games competition, the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) makes a distinction between sports and disciplines. A sport, in Pan American Games terms, is a single or group of disciplines as represented by an international governing body, namely an International Federation. For example, aquatics, represented at the Olympic level by the International Swimming Federation, is a sport at the Pan American Games that includes the swimming, diving, synchronized swimming and water polo disciplines.

Canoe slalom is the only Olympic discipline not on the Pan American Games program. It was, in fact, scheduled to be held at both the 2007 and 2011 Pan American Games, but due to the small number of countries competing in the discipline, the event was dropped.[3] However, the discipline is scheduled to make its debut at the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto, Canada.[1]

Medals are awarded on a per-event basis; there can be one or more events per sport or discipline.[4] In fact, besides baseball, rugby sevens, and softball, every current Pan American Games discipline has at least two events.

Changes[edit]

Futsal was dropped after being played at only one Games.

A sport or discipline appears on the Pan American Games program if it is included on the Olympic program. For the traditional Pan American Games sports PASO determines if they are widely practised around the Americas; that is, the number of countries that compete in a given sport is the indicator of the sport's prevalence. PASO's requirements reflect participation in the Pan American Games as well, especially more stringent toward men (as they are represented in higher numbers).

Previous Pan American Games have included sports which are no longer present on the current program, like futsal and polo.[4]

On August 13, 2009, the IOC Executive Board proposed that golf and rugby sevens be added for the 2016 Games.[5] On October 9, 2009, during the 121st IOC Session in Copenhagen, the IOC voted to elevate both sports as official Olympic sports and to include them in the Olympics, beginning with the 2016 Olympic Games.[6] With this development, golf is expected to be played at the 2015 Pan American Games,[1] while rugby sevens made its debut at the 2011 Pan American Games in Guadalajara.[7]

Current Pan American Games program[edit]

The following sports (or disciplines of a sport) make up the current Pan American Games official program and are listed alphabetically according to the name used by PASO. The figures in each cell indicate the number of events for each sport contested at the respective Games; a bullet () denotes that the sport/discipline was scheduled to be competed, but was dropped do to a lack of entries.

Eight of the 36 sports (Aquatics, Canoeing, Cycling, Football, Gymnastics, Volleyball, Equestrian) consist of multiple disciplines. Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same heading:

For equestrian and wrestling, the figures in each cell indicate the number of events for each sport, and not for each discipline separately.

The following sports have been contested at the Pan American Games:[8]

Sport (Discipline) Body 51 55 59 63 67 71 75 79 83 87 91 95 99 03 07 11 15
 
Diving Diving pictogram.svg FINA 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 4 8 8 8 8
Swimming Swimming pictogram.svg 21 21 21 21 30 30 30 30 30 32 32 32 32 32 34 34 34
Synchronized swimming Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2
Water polo Water polo pictogram.svg 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
 
Canoe/kayak (sprint) Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg ICF 12 13 13 12 12 12 12 13
Canoe/kayak (slalom) Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg 5
 
BMX Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg UCI 2 2 2
Mountain biking Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg 2 2 2 2 2 2
Road cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Track cycling Cycling (track) pictogram.svg 5 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 7 7 8 12 12 10 10 10
 
Artistic Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg FIG 8 12 18 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Rhythmic Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg 5 7 7 2 6 8 8 8
Trampoline Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg 2 2 2
 
Volleyball (beach) Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg FIVB 2 2 2 2 2
Volleyball (indoor) Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
 
Dressage Equestrian pictogram.svg FEI 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 4 4 6 4 6 6 4 6 6 6
Eventing
Jumping
 
Freestyle Wrestling pictogram.svg FILA 8 8 8 8 8 10 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 18 18 18 18
Greco-Roman
 
Archery Archery pictogram.svg WAF 4 12 4 12 12 4 4 4 4 4
Athletics Athletics pictogram.svg IAAF 33 29 32 33 35 37 37 39 40 48 43 44 47 46 47 47 47
Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg BWF 5 5 5 5 5 5
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg IBAF 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg FIBA 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg WTBA 4 8 4 4 4 4 4
Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg AIBA 8 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 11 11 13 13
Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg FIE 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 12 12
Field hockey Field hockey pictogram.svg FIH 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Football Football pictogram.svg FIFA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
Golf Golf pictogram.svg IGF 4
Handball Handball pictogram.svg IHF 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
Judo Judo pictogram.svg IJF 4 6 6 8 16 16 18 18 14 14 14 14 14
Karate Karate pictogram.svg WKF 10 11 9 9 10 10
Modern pentathlon Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg UIPM 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
Racquetball Squash pictogram.svg IRF 6 4 4 6 6
Roller skating Inline speed skating pictogram.svg FIRS 15 16 17 29 9 6 6 8 8
Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg FISA 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 7 14 15 15 14 14 13 14 14
Rugby sevens Rugby union pictogram.svg IRB 1 2
Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg ISAF 2 7 6 4 3 4 5 8 6 9 11 10 8 9 9 10
Shooting Shooting pictogram.svg ISSF 14 16 21 12 10 10 14 14 32 22 34 36 15 17 15 15 15
Softball Softball pictogram.svg ISF 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2
Squash Squash pictogram.svg WSF 4 4 4 4 6 6
Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg ITTF 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 4 4 4
Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg WTF 8 8 16 8 8 8 8 8
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg ITF 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 4 4 4 5 5
Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg ITU 2 2 2 2 2 2
Water skiing Water skiing pictogram.svg IWWF 6 6 6 7 9 9
Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg IWF 5 7 7 7 7 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 15
 
Total events 140 146 166 160 169 164 190 249 249 296 328 408 329 338 331 361 365

Discontinued sports[edit]

The following sports were previously part of the Pan American Games program as official sports, but are no longer on the current program.

Sport 51 55 59 63 67 71 75 79 83 87 91 95 99 03 07 11 15
Basque pelota Basque pelota pictogram.svg 12 6 10
Futsal Futsal pictogram.svg 1
Inline hockey Inline hockey pictogram-2.svg 1 1
Polo Polo pictogram.svg 1
Roller hockey Roller hockey pictogram.svg 1 1 1 1
Sambo Wrestling pictogram.svg 20
 
Total events 1 1 20 1 1 1 1 1 1 10

Winter sports[edit]

Sport 90
Alpine skiing Alpine skiing pictogram.svg 6

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "About the Games". Toronto Organizing Committee for the 2015 Pan and Parapan American Games. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Sports Program". COPAG. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ Pan American Canoe Slalom Championships - 2011 ICF Ranking Event
  4. ^ a b "Olympic Sports, Disciplines & Events". HickokSports.com. February 4, 2005. Retrieved June 30, 2011. 
  5. ^ Wilson, Stephen (August 13, 2009). "Golf, rugby backed by IOC board for 2016 Games". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved August 14, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Golf & rugby voted into Olympics". BBC. October 9, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Rugby Included in 2011 Pan American Games". Bahamas Rugby. November 7, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2011. 
  8. ^ Pan American Games events