Pan Pan

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For the distress call, see Pan-pan.
Pan Pan
3rd century–7th century
Approximate location of Pan Pan.
Capital Unknown
Languages Malay language
Religion Hindu
Government Monarchy
Raja Kaundinya II
History
 -  Coronation 3rd century
 -  Conquered by Srivijaya 7th century
Today part of  Malaysia
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Pan Pan or Panpan was a lost small Hindu Kingdom believed to have existed around 3rd–7th Century CE., somewhere in Kelantan or Terengganu, Malaysia.[1] It is speculated to be related to Pan tan i (the Pattani Kingdom), which occupied the same area many centuries later, and has some differences in culture and language to other Malay regions nearby.

History[edit]

Little is known about this kingdom. The kingdom was later conquered by Srivijaya under the leadership of Dharmasetu before 775 CE.[2]

From the period of 424 to 453, the kingdom sent its first missions to China. From here, Kaundinya II is said to have tried to re-introduce Hinduism to the Kingdom of Funan on the other side of the Gulf of Siam.[3]

During the Chinese Southern and Northern Dynasties, in year 529, 533, 534, 535 and 571 the Kingdom of Pan Pan sent tribute to China.[4] In year 616 and 637, the Kingdom of Pan Pan sent tribute to Tang dynasty.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dougald J. W. O'Reilly (2007). Early Civilizations of Southeast Asia. Rowman Altamira. ISBN 0-7591-0279-1. 
  2. ^ Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. pp. 130–131. ISBN 981-4155-67-5. 
  3. ^ Hall, D.G.E. (1981). A History of South-East Asia, Fourth Edition. Hong Kong: Macmillan Education Ltd. p. 38. ISBN 0-333-24163-0. 
  4. ^ Annals of Liang dynasty. Annals of Chen dynasty
  5. ^ Annal of Tang dynasty. Foreign countries at the South.