Pana, Illinois

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Coordinates: 39°23.2′N 89°4.9′W / 39.3867°N 89.0817°W / 39.3867; -89.0817
Pana
City
Nickname: City of Roses
Country United States
State Illinois
County Christian
Elevation 698 ft (213 m)
Coordinates 39°23.2′N 89°4.9′W / 39.3867°N 89.0817°W / 39.3867; -89.0817
Area 4.15 sq mi (11 km2)
 - land 3.84 sq mi (10 km2)
 - water 0.31 sq mi (1 km2)
Population 5,847 (2010)
Density 2,101.7 / sq mi (811 / km2)
Mayor Steve Sipes
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62557
Area code 217
Location of Pana within Illinois
Location of Pana within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Pana, Illinois

Pana /ˈpnə/ is a city in Christian County, Illinois, United States. The population was 5,614 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Pana is located at 39°23.2′N 89°4.9′W / 39.3867°N 89.0817°W / 39.3867; -89.0817 (39.3871, -89.0812).[1]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 4.15 square miles (10.7 km2), of which 3.84 square miles (9.9 km2) (or 92.53%) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2) (or 7.47%) is water.[2]

History[edit]

Pana was first known as Stone Coal Precinct when it was founded on June 6, 1845. The name was later changed to Pana Township on September 2, 1856. In 1857, the village of Pana was incorporated. It was at the intersection of east-west and north-south railroads, and had supplies of fuel and water for the steam engines of the railroad.

The name "Pana" is derived from the American Indian tribe, the Pawnee. Pawnee became "pani" or "slave" in the French patois or creole that developed in Illinois. This evolved into "Pana",[3] now pronounced, however, [ˈpejnə].

Pana was the site of labor union strife in 1899. Non-unionized Pana, both before and after similar events at nearby Virden, hosted a contingent of state militia called in by Governor John Riley Tanner to keep the peace. The militia withdrew from Pana in March, and on April 10 a skirmish between strikers, guards and strikebreakers left seven killed and at least 15 wounded, many of them bystanders.[4]

Pana came to be known as the City of Roses, coined by local newsmen, the Jordan Brothers. Because of a weather and geographical anomaly, Pana has very few hail storms,[citation needed] making it ideal for the greenhouse industry; along with its ample supply of coal. Many major florists and growers set up shop here. At one time, there were 109 greenhouses in Pana.

Kitchell Park, one of the few parks listed in the United States National Register of Historic Places, is located in Pana and was added to the Register in 1992.

Events[edit]

  • Pana Heritage Days
The Pana Heritage Days are an annual festival that takes place during the last weekend in May. Streets are blocked off and are filled with multiple vendors and fair rides. Live band music is generally provided.
The Pana Labor Day Parade is held annually on labor day, and is attended by up to 15,000 people, the largest in all of Illinois. The 2011 parade featured 343 firemen marching to lead the parade in an honor to the firemen, paramedics, and policemen who died on the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.
  • Tri-County Fair
The Tri-County Fair is held annually and lasts for six days. The fair begins on the Wednesday before Labor Day and ends on Labor Day. It features many carnival rides, vendors, and games. Average attendance per day is 7,000 persons.

Notable people[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,614 people, 2,317 households, and 1,443 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,101.7 people per square mile (811.8/km²). There were 2,532 housing units at an average density of 947.9 per square mile (366.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.09% White, 0.07% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.

There were 2,317 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 19.6% of those individuals were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 86.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,611, and the median income for a family was $35,406. Males had a median income of $30,519 versus $18,675 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,897. About 11.5% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  3. ^ Legends and Lore of Southern Illinois, John W. Allen, 1963, p. 46
  4. ^ Although often repeated, no primary source refers to fatal labor strife in Pana in 1902. shttp://www.lib.niu.edu/2006/iht1320610.html
  5. ^ "Nin Alexander". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved September 22, 2012. 
  6. ^ http://library.uis.edu/archives/collections/oral/oralf.html#F911
  7. ^ Vincent Sheean
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]