Panabá Municipality

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Panabá
Municipality
Coat of arms of Panabá
Coat of arms
Panaba en Yucatan.svg
Panabá is located in Mexico
Panabá
Panabá
Coordinates: 21°17′N 88°16′W / 21.283°N 88.267°W / 21.283; -88.267Coordinates: 21°17′N 88°16′W / 21.283°N 88.267°W / 21.283; -88.267
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind. 1821
Yucatan Est. 1824
Elevation 10 m (27 ft)
Population (2000)
 • Total 7,802
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 057
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Site

Panabá is one of 106 municipalities in the state of Yucatán,[1] Mexico. It is located in the eastern region of the Yucatán Peninsula's northern coast. Panabá is also the name of the municipality's largest township that is its municipal seat (cabecera municipal). The municipality is bounded to the north by the municipalities of San Felipe and Rio Lagartos, to the east by Tizimín, to the south by Sucilá and to the west by the municipalities of Dzilam de Bravo and Dzilam González.

The modern Spanish spelling Panabá derives from the place name in the Yucatec Maya language, Panab' ha, meaning "[place of] water found by digging". The Maya name combines the verb panab’ "to dig, to excavate" (verbal root pan-) with the noun for "water", ha

Political regionalsation[edit]

The municipality belongs to the First Federal Electoral District and the Tenth Local Election District.[1]

Foundation[edit]

Throughout the colonial period, Panabá was under the jurisdiction of Valladolid through Tizimín. As a result of changes in the peninsula during the nineteenth century Panabá was part of the municipality of Tizimín until 1918.

Pre-Columbian ruins have been discovered on a site in the village of Panabá shows that this place was inhabited during the pre-Hispanic times by Indians in the province of Domes.

Historical Monuments[edit]

Architecturally the town is notably attractive. The beautiful temple of San Pedro the Apostle is located in the city.[1]

Ethnic Groups[edit]

The population of speakers (5 years and over) of the indigenous language (Yucatec Maya)in the municipality is 2,465 people.

Demographic Trends[edit]

According to the Census of Population and Housing in June 2010 by the INEGI, the total population of the municipality was 7,461 people, of whom 3,718 are male and 3,713 are female. The total population of the town represents 0.32 per cent of the total population of the state.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Panabá
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
33
(91.4)
33.1
(91.6)
33.2
(91.8)
32.9
(91.2)
33.6
(92.5)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
30.8
(87.4)
31
(87.8)
32.01
(89.62)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15.3
(59.5)
17
(63)
18
(64.4)
18.6
(65.5)
19.5
(67.1)
19.8
(67.6)
19.8
(67.6)
19.6
(67.3)
18.4
(65.1)
16.4
(61.5)
14.8
(58.6)
17.6
(63.68)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41
(1.6)
38
(1.5)
43
(1.7)
33
(1.3)
89
(3.5)
150
(5.9)
140
(5.5)
163
(6.4)
200
(8)
119
(4.7)
50
(2)
50
(2)
1,116
(44.1)
Source: Weatherbase[2]

Education, Health and Housing[edit]

The town has 4 levels of schools, preschool, primary, secondary and high school, there is a library located in the headquarters. A literacy campaign by the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) succeeded in reducing illiteracy of the population in the municipality. In 1980, there were 663 people counted as illiterate and by 1986 this number was reduced to 136. According to the 2010 census literacy for people between 15 and 24 years of age was 97.2%.[1]

There is one medical unit of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) in addition to private care.

Typical housing in the region is constructed from wooden posts with wattle and daub walls (locally known as bajareques) and roofed with Huan, (long narrow plant leaves), however most are built with concrete blocks, cement, wood and sheet-metal.

Traditions and Customs[edit]

Normally women wear simple hupiles, highlighting the embroidered square neck and edge of the clothing, this is worn over a medium length skirt of figured fustian supported by a waistband of the same material. Footwear is sandals and to protect themselves from the sun they wear shawls. Country people, especially the elderly, dress in baggy trousers made from blanket material, a shirt buttoned down the front, an apron of ticking and a straw hat.

For farm shows and major fiestas the women dress up in the terno, a three piece outfit of full-length white skirt with decorated hem, an under-garment made with fine materials and with a coloured border and over this is worn a highly decorated top with a square neck. Decorated with lace and usually hand-made embroidery in cross stitch. This is complemented by long gold chains, earrings, coral rosaries, filigree decorations and a shawl with the Virgin Mary.

The men wear white pants cut straight, jackets without lapels (locally called Philipino jackets) made of fine material, the better one having gold buttons, espadrilles and jipijapa hats, without forgetting the traditional red scarf popularly known as a bandana and essential for the jarana, a local dance.

For All Saints' Day and The Day of the Dead it is customary to place an altar in a main room in the house, where the favourite food of the dead is offered up to them. Traditional Mucbil chicken accompanied by atole of corn and chocolate beaten with water. In the regional fiestas people dance jaranas and there is showing off among the participants.

Food[edit]

The savoury cuisine of the region is composed of pork, chicken and venison, with spicy sauces with a base of habanero chilli and maize. Some of these dishes are: beans with pork, egg with chaya (tree spinach), chicken soup, filled cheese[3] (typically an Edam cheese filled with chopped meat and sauce) salbutes, panuchos, pipián de venedo (venison in red pumpkin seed sauce), papadzules, longaniza, cochinita pibil, joroches (various filled fritters), mucbi-chicken (baked chicken pie), and tamales.

Typical desserts are cassava fritters with honey, baked pumpkin with honey, sweet potato with coconut, coyol palm fruit in syrup, pumpkin seed marzipan, melcochas (sweets made of beaten thick honey in different shapes) arepas, tejocotes in sweet syrup and ciricote (a local fruit).

Typical drinks are Xtabentún, Balché, anise liquer, horchata, corn atole (a drink made from fresh maize), fruit juices of the region.

Settlements[edit]

The municipality contains some 135 officially named localities (localidades), among which the most populous settlements are

  • Panabá (Municipal Seat).
  • Loche
  • Cenote Yalsihon Buena Fe
  • San Francisco.
  • San Juan del Rio.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Panabá". Municipalities of Yucatan (in Spanish). Yucatan State Government. 
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Panabá, Yucatán". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  3. ^ "Mexican queso relleno (stuffed cheese)". Food Geeks. 

External links[edit]