|Part of the Politics series|
Panachage is the name given to the procedure – sometimes provided for in elections conducted according to the party-list proportional representation system – which allows voters to distribute their votes between individual candidates from different party lists. It is used in open-list elections in Switzerland and Luxembourg, as well as in local elections in several German states, and in Italy, for regional elections and municipal elections in cities with more than 15,000 inhabitants.
In France, this procedure is used for municipal elections in cities that have less than 1000 inhabitants. Critics say it does not allow opposition to grow up, and promotes conservatism.
- IFES Election Guide: Country Profile - Luxembourg. Retrieved on 23 April 2008.
- Wahlrecht.de (in German):  Retrieved on 20 June 2010.
- Legge 81, 25 Marzo 1993
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