Panaeolus cyanescens

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Panaeolus cyanescens
Panaeolus-cyanescens-y-axis-flipped.jpg
Cultivated Panaeolus cyanescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Genus: Panaeolus
Species: P. cyanescens
Binomial name
Panaeolus cyanescens
(Berk. & Broome) Sacc.
Panaeolus-cyanescens-range-map.png
Range of Panaeolus cyanescens
Synonyms

Agaricus cyanescens
Copelandia anomala
Copelandia cyanescens
Copelandia papilonacea
Copelandia westii

Panaeolus cyanescens
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is black
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: psychoactive

Panaeolus cyanescens, also known as Copelandia cyanescens, is a mushroom in the Bolbitiaceae family. Panaeolus cyanescens is a psilocybin mushroom and is similar to Panaeolus tropicalis.

Description[edit]

  • Cap: 1.5 – 4 cm across, dry, at first hemispheric, expanding to campanulate to convex, with an incurved margin when young. Young caps start out light brown and fade to off-white or light gray at maturity, sometimes with yellowish or brownish tones. Often developing cracks in dry weather, slightly hygrophanous, turning greenish or blue where damaged.
  • Gills: Broadly adnate to adnexed attachment, close, starting out gray and turning black as the spores mature. Gill faces with a mottled appearance, edges white.
  • Spores: Jet Black, 12 - 15 x 7 - 11 µm, smooth, opaque, elliptical. With a germ pore.
  • Stipe: 7 – 12 cm long by 2 to 3 mm thick, equal to slightly enlarged at the base, pruinose, colored like the cap, staining blue where bruised.
  • Taste: Farinaceous.
  • Odor: Farinaceous.
  • Microscopic features: Basidia 4 spored, pleurocystidia fusoid-ventricose, cheilocystidia 12 x 4 µm.

Habitat and distribution[edit]

Panaeolus cyanescens is a coprophiliac (dung-inhabiting) species which grows in tropical and neotropical areas in both hemispheres. It has been found[1] in Africa (including Madagascar and Zaire), Australia, Bali, Belize, Borneo, the Caribbean (Bermuda, Grenada, Jamaica, Trinidad), Puerto Rico, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia (including Sumatra), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Europe (including Austria, France, Great Britain, Spain, Switzerland), Japan, New Zealand, Mexico, Oceania (including Fiji and Samoa), the Philippines, South America (including Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Colombia, Venezuela), Tasmania, and the United States (California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Texas,as well as southern Louisiana).

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-9610798-0-0. 

External links[edit]