Panagiotes the New Chrysaphes
Panagiotes the Protopsaltes or Panagiotes the New Chrysaphes (Greek: Παναγιώτης Χρυσάφης ὁ Νέος; c. 1622 – 1682) was a Greek composer, protopsaltes (first cantor) and poet in Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
Life and work
He served as protopsaltes of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (about 1655 to 1682) and like the former protopsaltes Theophanes Karykes he became engaged in a revival of the Byzantine psaltic art or art of chant. As student of the patriarchal protopsaltes Georgios Raidestinos, his approach was based on the recomposition of the late medieval sticherarion as it was described by Manuel Chrysaphes in his treatise about psaltic art, and the recomposition of the Byzantine Anastasimatarion was based on the simple psalmody according to the Octoechos. Several manuscripts of the latter have survived since the 17th century and they were usually introduced by a Papadike treatise, the basic introduction (protheoria) into psaltic art. For these works he was called "the New Chrysaphes".
- About the reception history of Manuel Chrysaphes, see Antonopoulos (2013, pp. 161-163). An example can be studied in the discussion of the sticheraric melos during the 19th century and the transcription of the New Method by Chourmouzios the Archivist (Neobyzantine Octoechos).
- Not only in the collection of the National Library of Greece, also in the Gennadius Library of the American School at Athens (Terzopoulos 2011) and in the collection of the British Library. Sometimes the anthology also contained chants for the Divine Liturgy like the cherouvikon.
- Panagiotes the New Chrysaphes. "London, British Library, Harley Ms. 1613". Anthologia with Byzantine composers (Anastasimatarion, Ainoi, Pasapnoaria & Prokeimena, Sticherarion and Leitourgika) (17th century). British Library. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "London, British Library, Harley Ms. 5544". Anastasimatarion of Panagiotes the New Chrysaphes (17th century). British Library. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
Transcriptions according to the New Method
- "Argostoli, Corgialenios Library, Collection Michael Raze, Ms. 78". Sticherarion of Panagiotes the New Chrysaphes (transcribed 1840). Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- Antonopoulos, Spyridon (2013). "Manuel Chrysaphes and his Treatise: Reception History, a Work in Progress". In Evi Nikita-Sampson, Maria Alexandru, Emmanouil Giannopoulos, Giorgos Sakallieros, Giorgos Kitsios (eds.). Crossroads—Greece as an Intercultural Pole of Musical Thought and Creativity. Proceedings of the International Musicological Conference (Thessaloniki, June 6-10 2011). Thessaloniki: School of Music Studies, Aristotle University. pp. 153–171. ISBN 9789609984539.
- Terzopoulos, Konstantinos (2011). "Hidden in Plain Sight: Musical Treasures in the Gennadius Library — Byzantine Repertories and a Snippet of Modern Greek History". Hidden Treasures at the Gennadius Library. The New Gryffon 12. Athens: American School of Classical Studies. pp. 35–43, Figure 7–19.
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