B. G. DeSylva
1943 West End
1954 U.S. Television
Panama Hattie is a musical with music and lyrics by Cole Porter and book by Herbert Fields and B. G. DeSylva. It is also the title of a 1942 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musical film based upon the play. The title is a play on words, referring to the popular Panama hat.
Pre-Broadway tryouts started at the Shubert Theatre, New Haven on October 3, 1940, and then at the Shubert Theatre, Boston on October 8, 1940.
The musical premiered on Broadway at the 46th Street Theatre on October 30, 1940 and closed on January 3, 1942 after 501 performances. It was directed by Edgar MacGregor, with choreography by Robert Alton and scenic design and costumes by Raoul Pène Du Bois. The cast featured Ethel Merman as Hattie, Arthur Treacher as Vivian, Betty Hutton as Florrie, James Dunn as Nick, Phyllis Brooks as Leila, Joan Carroll as Geraldine, Rags Ragland as Woozy, and Pat Harrington as Skat. Among the dancers were June Allyson, Doris Dowling and Constance Dowling, Betsy Blair, Lucille Bremer and Vera-Ellen.
The show opened in the West End at the Piccadilly Theatre on November 4, 1943 and ran for 308 performances. It was produced by William Mollison with the entire production supervised by Lee Ephraim and dances by Wendy Toye. The cast featured Bebe Daniels as Hattie, Max Wall as Eddy, Claude Hulbert as Vivian, Frances Marsden as Florrie, Ivan Brandt as Nick, Georgia MacKinnon as Leila, Richard Hearne as Loopy and Betty Blackler as Elizabeth.
The musical was revived for several performances as a staged concert at Barbican Cinema 1 in London in 1996 as part of the "Discovering Lost Musicals" series directed and produced by Ian Marshall-Fisher. Louise Gold starred as Hattie, with Jon Glover as Windy. "Musicals Tonight!" series presented a staged concert of the musical in New York City in October 2010.
- Act I
Hattie Maloney owns a night club in the Panama Canal Zone where she also performs. Three sailors from the S. S. Idaho, Skat Briggs, Windy Deegan and Woozy Hoga, ask her to sing at a party they are organizing ("Join It Right Away"). Nick Bullet, Hattie’s fiance, is a wealthy Navy officer. They are about to meet his eight-year-old daughter Geraldine (Jerry), off the boat from Philadelphia. He tells Hattie, "My Mother Would Love You". Hattie, eager to make a good impression on her prospective stepdaughter, spends three weeks' wages on her elaborately frilly outfit. But when she arrives, Jerry makes fun of Hattie's clothing and way of speaking. Feeling that her marriage is off, Hattie gets drunk on rum ("I’ve still Got my Health"). Kitty-Belle, the daughter of Admiral Whitney Randolph, wants to marry Nick, and she schemes to end his romance with Hattie.
Florrie, a singer in the night club, develops a crush on Nick's very proper butler Vivian Budd ("Fresh as a Daisy"). Nick’s efforts to persuade Jerry and Hattie to get along with each other finally succeed, with Jerry making the still hungover Hattie cut the bows off her dress and shoes ("Let’s Be Buddies"). Jerry gives Hattie advice on how to behave like a lady at a party where she is to be presented to Nick’s boss, the Admiral ("I’m Throwing a Ball Tonight"). Admiral Randolph is to be presented with a cup, and his daughter Kitty-Belle suggests that Hattie might present it filled with goldenrod. This gives Whitney hay fever; Hattie is blamed, and Nick is ordered not to marry Hattie.
- Act II
The sailors from the S. S. Idaho uncover a spy plot involving saboteurs. Hattie swears off rum ("Make It Another Old Fashioned Please"). Hattie has it out with Kitty-Belle, whose boyfriend keeps being called in whenever Hattie is on the verge of hitting her. Meanwhile, Florrie continues to try to attract the romantic attention of Budd ("All I’ve Got to Get Now is My Man"). Hattie, two of the sailors and Budd meet regarding these various threads ("You Said It"). Mildred Hunter, Kitty-Belle’s best friend, turns out to be a terrorist ("Who would Have Dreamed"). She gives Jerry a secret package to put in Nick’s desk. Fortunately, Hattie overhears the plot to blow up the Panama Canal control room, finds the bomb and throws it out, saving the day. The grateful Admiral Whitney retracts his order and the sailors praise Hattie ("God Bless the Woman").
Source: Panama Hattie Original Broadway Production
|Produced by||Arthur Freed|
The 1942 film version was produced by Arthur Freed and directed by Norman Z. McLeod. Substantial retakes were directed by Roy Del Ruth with choreography by Danny Dare and musical numbers staged by Vincente Minnelli. The film used only four of Porter's songs and substituted other songs. The cast featured Red Skelton as Red, Ann Sothern as Hattie Maloney, Rags Ragland as Rags, Ben Blue as Rowdy, Marsha Hunt as Leila Tree, Virginia O'Brien as Flo Foster, Alan Mowbray as Jay Jerkins, Dan Dailey as Dick Bulliard and Lena Horne as Singer in Phil's Place. Songs used in the film are as follows:
- "Hattie from Panama" (Roger Edens) - Chorus
- "I've Still Got My Health" (Porter) - Ann Sothern
- "Berry Me Not" (Phil Moore) [instrumental, danced by the Berry Brothers]
- "Just One of Those Things" (Porter)- Lena Horne [from Jubilee]
- "Fresh As a Daisy" (Porter) - Virginia O'Brien
- "Good Neighbors" (Edens) - Red Skelton, Rags Ragland, Ben Blue and Chorus
- "Let's Be Buddies" (Porter) - Sothern with Jackie Horner, and O'Brien with Alan Mowbray
- "Hail, Hail, the Gang's All Here" (Arthur Sullivan; Theodore F. Morse) [instrumental]
- "Did I Get Stinkin' At the Savoy" (E. Y. Harburg and Walter Donaldson) - O'Brien
- "The Sping" (Moore and J. LeGon) - Horne [danced by the Berry Brothers]
- "The Son of a Gun Who Picks on Uncle Sam" (Harburg and Burton Lane) - Company
According to MGM records the film earned $1,798,000 in the US and Canada, $528,000 elsewhere, making the studio a profit of $474,000.
Brooks Atkinson in The New York Times wrote that "By hiring a trio of knockabout comedians, Mr. De Sylva has given it all the advantages of a burlesque show...Everything is noisy, funny and in order." Merman "rolls though it with the greatest gusto, giving it a shake and a gleam and plenty of syncopation...The Merman hangs bangles on any song that comes her way." 
"'Panama Hattie' was a typical example of turning a routine musical comedy into entertainment gold. Without her [Merman] there was no show, and the musical has rarely been heard of since."
- "'Panama Hattie' production listing" sondheimguide.com, accessed January 11, 2011
- Green, Stanley and Green, Kay. "'Panama Hattie'" Broadway Musicals, Show By Show (5 ed.), Hal Leonard Corporation, 1996, ISBN 0-7935-7750-0, p. 111
- "'Panama Hattie' history" TCM, accessed January 11, 2011
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Doris Dowling, 81, Is Dead; Known for Classic Films of 40's" New York Times, June 28, 2004
- "'Panama Hattie' production, Synopsis, Musical Numbers" guidetomusicaltheatre.com, accessed January 11, 2011
- "'Panama Hattie', London Production". Sondheimguide.com, accessed January 12, 2011
- Shane, Emma. "Panama Hattie". Louise Gold website, accessed March 29, 2011
- Propst, Andy. "'Panama Hattie' Musicals Tonight! at the McGinn/Cazale Theatre Backstage, October 15, 2010
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- "'Panama Hattie' Film Version" sondheimguide.com, accessed January 11, 2011
- "Panama Hattie; 1954 Television Production" sondheimguide.com, accessed January 11, 2011
- Atkinson, Brooks. "The Play: 'Panama Hattie'" New York Times, October 31, 1940
- Hischak, Thomas S. "Chapter Four" Through the Screen Door: What Happened to the Broadway Musical When it Went to Hollywood, Scarecrow Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8108-5018-4, p. 66
- Schwartz, Charles. "Chapter: Inner Turmoil" Cole Porter: a biography, pp. 207–08, Da Capo Press, 1979, ISBN 0-306-80097-7
- Panama Hattie at the Internet Broadway Database
- Panama Hattie (1942) at the Internet Movie Database
- Panama Hattie at the TCM Movie Database
- Panama Hattie (1954) (TV) at the Internet Movie Database