Panama Metro

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Panama Metro
Metro yt.png
Alstom Metropolis del Metro de Panamá - 2014.JPG
Alstom Metropolis on the Line 1 (2014).
Overview
Native name Metro de Panamá
Locale Panama City, Panama
Transit type Metro
Number of lines 1
Number of stations 12 (2 more to open in Q1 2015,[1]
1 more planned)
[2]
Daily ridership 155,000 (June 2014)[3]
Website El Metro de Panamá
Operation
Began operation April 5, 2014
Operator(s) El Metro de Panamá
Character Partially underground, partially elevated
Number of vehicles 19 Alstom Metropolis
Train length 3-car trainsets
Technical
System length 13.7 km (8.5 mi) (current)[4]
15.8 km (9.8 mi) (final)[1]

The Panama Metro (Spanish: Metro de Panamá) is a metropolitan metro system in Panama City, Panama,[5] which currently links Los Andes County with the city center. It was inaugurated on April 5, 2014.[6]

It was built to relieve the traffic congestion between the city and San Miguelito District and offer commuters a viable alternative to road transport, as the Metrobus transport system is suffering multiple issues.

The Panama Metro is part of a major “National Master Plan” to improve transportation in Panama City as well as the west side of the country, which includes the construction of two more lines and a light rail. It currently consists of one 13.7-kilometer (8.5 mi) line,[4] serving 12 stations, with 2 more stations set to open in the first quarter of 2015,[1] and a fifteenth station planned.[2]

Project[edit]

Line 1 Development[edit]

The Government of Panama invited tenders for a contract to build the metro system.[7] The governments of Brazil[8] and Taiwan[9] offered to invest on the project. After an exhaustive inspection of all proposals for the construction of the railway system, the Línea Uno consortium, which includes the Spanish Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas (FCC), won the contract.[10]

In October 2009, the consortium POYRY/Cal y Mayor y Asociados won the contract for the counseling of the project development,[11] meanwhile on January 2010, Systra was awarded a contract to create detailed infrastructure designs.

The first phase of the project consisted of planning, cost estimation and technical feasibility; meanwhile the second phase consisted of several soil studies, topography, and demand refinings. Both phases were started and executed simultaneously at late 2009. In December 2010, the government finally awarded the tender for the construction of the subway. The third and fourth phase of the project took place between 2011 and 2012, and was consisted of the construction of all the viaducts and stations and the public utilities relocations.

By September 2013, construction of Line 1 was 92% complete, allowing a test run with some of the rolling stock.[12]

Line 2 Development[edit]

On May 16, 2014, three different consortiums offered several proposals for planning, cost estimation and technical feasibility for the construction of a Line 2 of the metro system.[13] After making a detailed inquiry of all the proposals for the construction of Line 2, the Metro de Panama secretary announced on July 12, 2014, that the PML2 consortium – which includes the Spanish Ayesa Ingeniería y Arquitectura, Barcelona Metro, and the Louis Berger Group company from United States – won the contract. [14][15]

Cost[edit]

The project of Line 1 had a cost of $1.452 billion. The Panama Metro authority, in charge of the planning, construction, and execution of the project, has a budget of $200 million for the year 2012.[citation needed] In December 2011, the Secretaría del Metro de Panamá clarified that the updated cost of the project is US$1.880 billion, including public utilities relocations and engineering and project management costs.[16]

The project of Line 2 will have a cost of $2.200 billion. [17]

Operations[edit]

Line 1[edit]

The Panama Metro's Line 1 was planned to run over a mostly north-south route, from Los Andes to the Albrook bus station (where the system's maintenance shop is located), and extends over 13.7 kilometers (8.5 mi) of route, including 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) underground and 6.3 kilometers (3.9 mi) in viaduct.[7] It has twelve passenger stations: 5 elevated, 6 underground, and 1 at-grade. The stations have a platform length of approximately 110 meters (360 ft).[4]

On 5 April 2014,[6] Panamanian president Ricardo Martinelli inaugurated Line 1 in time record and the first public passenger trip on the new system was carried out the same day. The next day, the Metro subway system entered into active passenger revenue service, and transported more than a million passengers in the first week of operation.

The complete journey of Line 1 last about 23 minutes.

It begins its current route at the elevated Los Andes station, north of the city, continuing on viaduct to Pan de Azucar station and then to San Miguelito district station. Afterwards, it continues on viaduct through Pueblo Nuevo (close to the Estrella Azul factory) to reach 12 de Octubre (the final elevated station), where it enters into a trench, towards the underground section of Line 1. It continues its journey through the underground stations of Fernandez de Cordoba, Vía Argentina, Iglesia del Carmen, followed by Santo Tomás, Lotería and 5 de Mayo. Finally it reaches the terminus station, Albrook Bus Terminal, at the airport, which is the system's only at-grade station.

The current northern terminus station of the metro is Los Andes.[4] However, it is a temporary terminus station, since the government has approved a future extension of Line 1 to a final elevated station in San Isidro.[18] San Isidro is currently under construction and was originally scheduled to open in August 2014, but is now scheduled to open in the first quarter of 2015.[1] When opened, the extension to San Isidro will add 2.1 kilometers (1.3 mi) of route to the system, extending the metro's total route length to 15.8 kilometers (9.8 mi).[1]

The El Ingenio subway station, located between the underground Fernández de Córdoba station and the first elevated station, 12 de Octubre, is also currently under construction. It was originally scheduled to open in August 2014,[4] but is now scheduled to open in the first quarter of 2015 as well.[1]

There are also plans to develop an underground station in Curundú, between the underground 5 de Mayo station and the at-grade Albrook station, due to the fact that the future city government will be built at that location. It is expected to be constructed some time after the metro has been opened.[4]

Rolling stock[edit]

People travelling in one of the trainsets.

Alstom has delivered 19 three-car Metropolis trainsets for the Panamá Metro.[19] The trains were built at Alstom’s Santa Perpètua de Mogoda factory in Spain and underwent preliminary testing on the FGC network in Barcelona.

The first 3 trains were shipped from Spain and arrived May 25, 2013. The standard gauge units have air-conditioning, CCTV and passenger information, and can accommodate 600 passengers per trainset.[20] The trains initially consist of three cars, but all stations are being built to accommodate at least five car trains in anticipation of expected future ridership demands.

Unlike other rapid transportation systems, the Panama Metro does not have a third rail and trainsets instead collect their power from an overhead line system.

Future operations[edit]

Line 2[edit]

On the eve of the presidential elections that took place on May 4, 2014, president Ricardo Martinelli announced that by the end of his term he would have tendered Line 2 project. The Line 2 is planned to run over a mostly east-south route, from 24 de Diciembre district to Punta Pacifica. Due to its length, this line will be about twice the cost the construction and completion of Line 1, and due to the economic burden it would place in the national budget, it was decided that it would be constructed in two phases.

On April 2014, it was officially announced that Line 2 was divided into two phases. The first phase is going to be from 24 de Diciembre district to San Miguelito district, intercepting with the first line. The first phase extends over 23 kilometers (14 mi) of route, and it will include up to 16 elevated stations and a branch line to Tocumen International Airport. The second phase will then complete this line from San Miguelito to Punta Pacifica located in the south part of Panama City. [21]

It is expected that the first phase of construction of Line 2 would take around 4 years. [22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Hoy Abre Sus Puertas La Estación Loteria Del Metro" [Metro Loteria Station Opens Today] (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. August 27, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  2. ^ a b "Línea 1 Conoce los accesos a sus estaciones" [Line 1 Explore access to stations] (pdf) (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  3. ^ "Unos 170 mil pasajeros viajan al día en el Metro de Panamá" [Some 170 thousand passengers travel daily on the Panama Metro]. La Estrella de Panamá (in Spanish). June 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Conoce la Línea 1 del Metro de Panamá" [Meet Line 1 of the Panama Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  5. ^ "Línea Uno consortium to build Panamá Metro". Railway Gazette International. October 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  6. ^ a b "Panamá City metro opens". Railway Gazette International. April 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  7. ^ a b "Panamá metro project launched". Railway Gazette International. January 18, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  8. ^ "Brazil offers credit to build the Panama Metro". August 19, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  9. ^ "Taiwan willing to advise Martinelli in subway construction in Panama". June 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  10. ^ "Spain's FCC group wins massive Panama metro contract". October 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  11. ^ "Panama Metro design will be carried by Mexican-Swiss consortium". Panamagazine. October 19, 2009. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  12. ^ Briginshaw, David (September 27, 2013). "Panama’s first metro line nears completion". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  13. ^ "Tres firmas aspiran a gerenciar la Línea dos del Metro de Panamá". La Prensa. May 16, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  14. ^ "Adjudican gerencia de la Línea 2 del Metro a consorcio hispano-estadounidense". La Prensa. July 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  15. ^ "Gerencia de Linea 2, a cargo de PML2". Panamá América. July 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  16. ^ "Costo del Proyecto del Metro se Mantiene" [Cost of Metro Project still the same] (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. December 5, 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  17. ^ "Costo del Metro costará 2 mil millones" (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. July 2, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  18. ^ "Red Maestra del Metro de Panamá" [Network Master of the Panama Metro] (jpg) (in Spanish). Metro de Panamá. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  19. ^ "First Panamá metro trains delivered". Railway Gazette. May 17, 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  20. ^ "La acción a punto de empezar: trenes y funcionamiento". La Prensa. April 5, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  21. ^ "Adjudican gerencia de la Línea 2 del Metro a consorcio hispano-estadounidense". La Prensa. July 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  22. ^ "Construcción de la Línea 2 del Metro, podría tomar 4 años". Telemetro. July 3, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°59′N 79°31′W / 8.983°N 79.517°W / 8.983; -79.517