Panamaram

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Panamaram
പനമരം
village
Panamaram is located in Kerala
Panamaram
Panamaram
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 11°44′20″N 76°04′23″E / 11.739°N 76.073°E / 11.739; 76.073Coordinates: 11°44′20″N 76°04′23″E / 11.739°N 76.073°E / 11.739; 76.073
Country  India
State Kerala
District Wayanad
Population (2001)
 • Total 11,651
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 670721
Vehicle registration KL 12-

Panamaramis a village in Wayanad district in the state of Kerala, India.[1] The proposed 100-hectare site for new feeder airport in the Wayanad district is at Cheekkalloor(11°43′37″N 76°05′35″E / 11.727°N 76.093°E / 11.727; 76.093)[2] in Panamaram and the nearby Nadavayal.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census, Panamaram had a population of 11651 with 5891 males and 5760 females.[1]

Panamaram River[edit]

Panamaram Bridge

Panamaram River is a tributary of the Kabani River along with Mananthavady, Babali, Noolpuzha and Nugu Rivers. Kabani and its tributaries play a key role in the enhancement of the landscapes of Wayanad District.

About 6 km north of Panamaram, the Kabini takes birth. It is the confluence of the Panamaram river, originating in the Western ghats near Pookode Lake, a perennial lake near Lakkidi, 4,500 ft above sea level, and the Mananthavady river, springing from the 5,000 ft Tondarmudi. The Kabini is, perhaps, the most feminine of Kerala rivers. The flow of life on its banks is incredibly peaceful and dream-like.[4] The confluence of these rivers is Kabani River and it after entering the state of Karnataka merges with the Kaveri River.

Panamaram Fort[edit]

Panamaram has great significance in the history of Indian freedom struggle as it witnessed one of the first freedom struggle in South India.
On October 11, 1802 Pazhassi Raja's followers like Thalakkal Chanthu and Edachena Kunkan Nair captured the Panamaram Fort which was manned by the infantry units of Bombay. Commanding officer Capt. Dickinson and Lt. Maxwell were killed in action along with 25 soldiers.[5] And this victory brought a new vigor to the resistance movement.

Panamaram Heronry[edit]

Black-headed Ibis spotted at Panamaram Heronry

According to the annual heronry count of the Malabar Natural History Society (MNHS), the Panamaram Heronry is the largest heronry in Malabar in terms of number and diversity of birds breeding there.[6] It is a small (1 acre) island in the river Kabani, an elevated sand bank. Government has issued orders to take apt measures to conserve the Panamaram Heronry. The massive destruction of bamboo groves on the Heronry and unbridled sand mining are the two vital issues the heronry is facing.[7] It has been observed that, many birds of the foreign origin also migrate to Panamaram during the nestling season. The Cattle Egret(Bubulcus Ibis) is also observed in breeding here in 2010, the breeding of the bird is reported in the state after 62 years. Other main species are Little Egret, Ardeola(Pond Heron), Night Heron, Intermediate Egret, Purple Heron, and Black-headed Ibis.[6][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of India : Villages with population 5000 & above". Retrieved 2008-12-10.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  2. ^ "Protests mounting against Panamaram airport in Kerala". Retrieved 2013-10-09. 
  3. ^ "Feeder airport proposed in Wayanad". Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  4. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/folio/fo0107/01070380.htm
  5. ^ "Demand for memorial to tribal warriors". The Hindu (Chennai, India). November 15, 2008. 
  6. ^ a b Manoj, E. M. (July 16, 2010). "Grave threat to the largest heronry in Malabar". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  7. ^ Manoj, E. M. (July 23, 2010). "Panamaram heronry to become a protected zone". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  8. ^ http://www.surfbirds.com/birdingmail/Mail/KeralaBirder/740662