Panathinaikos A.O.

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Panathinaikos A.O.
PAOemblem.svg
Full name Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos
Nicknames Oi Prasinoi (The Greens)
Το Trifylli (The Shamrock)
Founded 3 February 1908 as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon
Colours           Green, White
Anthem Syllogos Megalos (Giorgos Mouzakis, Giorgos Oikonomidis)
Chairman Ilias Michalarias
Titles European Titles: 6
Intercontinental Titles: 1
Website Club home page
Active departments of Panathinaikos
Football pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg
Football Basketball (Men's) Basketball (Women's)
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Water polo pictogram.svg
Volleyball (Men's) Volleyball (Women's) Water Polo
Swimming pictogram.svg Athletics pictogram.svg Table tennis pictogram.svg
Swimming Athletics Table Tennis
Fencing pictogram.svg Wrestling pictogram.svg Weightlifting pictogram.svg
Fencing Wrestling Weightlifting
Boxing pictogram.svg Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Shooting pictogram.svg
Boxing Cycling Shooting
Archery pictogram.svg Rugby union pictogram.svg Baseball pictogram.svg
Archery Rugby Baseball
Diving pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Karate pictogram.svg
Diving Modern Pentathlon Karate
Field hockey pictogram.svg 600px Verde con trifoglio Verde su cerchio Bianco.png
Field Hockey The Club

Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (Greek: Παναθηναϊκός Αθλητικός Όμιλος, "Panathenaic Athletic Club") is a Greek multi-sport club based in the City of Athens. It has the shamrock as its official emblem and green and white as its colours. Panathinaikos was founded by Giorgos Kalafatis in 1908, when he and 40 other athletes decided to break away from Panellinios Gymnastikos Syllogos following the club's decision to discontinue its football team.

Panathinaikos' teams and individual athletes have won numerous titles and have made notable participations in domestic and international competitions. The football team of Panathinaikos is the only Greek team that has reached the UEFA Champions League final (in 1971) and semi-finals (in 1985 and 1996), while the basketball team of the club is the most successful in Greece and one of the most successful in Europe, with six European championships and one Intercontinental Cup.

History[edit]

1908-1945[edit]

Giorgos Kalafatis, founder of Panathinaikos

Football made its appearance in Greece at the end of the 19th century. In 1908, a young athlete of Panellinios, Giorgos Kalafatis, dismayed by his club's decision to discontinue its football team, left with other 40 athletes and founded Panathinaikos.

The first name of the club was Podosferikos Omilos Athinon (POA) - i.e. "Football Club of Athens" - but it was changed to Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos (PPO) - i.e. "Panhellenic Football Club" - in 1911.

In 1918, it was decided that the official emblem of the club would be the shamrock, an idea of player Michalis Papazoglou. He was possibly inspired by Billy Sherring, an Irish Canadian athlete who had won the Athens 1906 Olympic marathon wearing a white outfit with a big green shamrock on the chest.[1] In 1924 the club took its current name, Panathinaikos Athlitikos Omilos (PAO) - i.e. "Panathenaic Athletic Club".

The champion football team of 1930
Basketball team of 1940

The athletics department was founded in 1919. In the same year, Panathinaikos was one of the first athletic clubs in Greece to form a volleyball team. The first dynamic presence of the team is dated back in the years 1927–1929 with many popular players of the time such as the historical member of the board Apostolos Nikolaidis as well as Aravositas, Goumas, Arg. Nikolaidis, Papageorgiou and Papastefanou.

In 1922, the basketball department was founded and it has since developed into the most successful basketball team in Greece and one of the most successful in Europe. They have won 34 Greek Championships, 15 Greek Cups, 6 European Championships and 1 Intercontinental Cup. In 1924, the table tennis department was founded and in 1928 the cycling, the shooting and the field hockey departments. The swimming, the water polo and the handball departments were founded in 1930.

1946-1990[edit]

The boxing department was founded in 1946, the diving department in 1947, the weightlifting department in 1959, the chess department in 1960, the fencing department in 1960, the gymnastics department in 1962, the waterskiing department in 1963 and the wrestling department in 1965. Panathinaikos' hardcore fans are called Gate 13 and are the oldest supporters' club in Greece. Gate 13 was founded in 1966.

The volleyball club has demonstrated many titles and honours due to the fact that the team roster has always included some of the top volleyball players in Greece. The first generation was that of the '60s with Andreas and Nikos Bergeles as well as Iliopoulos, Leloudas, Chasapis, Emmanouil, Perros and Fotiou who opened the road for the next generations.

Panathinaikos soon dominated Greek football along with rivals Olympiacos and AEK and, although they are second in domestic titles, they have done better than any other Greek club in the european competitions. In 1971, Panathinaikos became the first and only Greek team - so far - to have reached the final of a European competition, when they faced Ajax in Wembley Stadium for the European Cup, losing 2-0. In the late '70s, when football became professional in Greece, the club's football department passed to the hands of the Vardinogiannis family. In the following 30 years the team won the Greek championship 7 times, while in Europe the team reached also the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League two more times, in 1985 and 1996.

In 1978, the modern pentathlon department was founded and in 1980, the judo department. An important achievement for the volleyball team was the participation in the final of the CEV Cup Winners' Cup in 1980. In the following years, Panathinaikos continued to perform well in Greek volleyball with players such as Kazazis (the current head coach), Tentzeris, Gontikas (the current president of Panathinaikos FC), Galakos, Dimitriadis and Margaronis.

The archery department was founded in 1981, the pool department in 1988 and the futsal department in 1990.

1991-2000[edit]

Another successful period for the volleyball team was the seasons 1994-95 and 1995-96 when Panathinaikos won two Greek Championships in a row with Stelios Prosalikas as head coach and Andreopoulos, Triantafyllidis, Filippov, Spanos, Chatziantoniou, Ouzounov, A. Kovatsev, P. Kovatsev, Karamaroudis and Tonev as players.

The men's basketball department is currently owned by two pharmaceutical magnates, the brothers Pavlos and Thanassis Giannakopoulos. In 1996 in Paris final-four (F4), Panathinaikos was the first Greek team to win the European Champions' Cup (now called Euroleague), beating Barcelona in a unique final, by 67-66. In September of the same year the team also won the Intercontinental Cup, prevailing by 2-1 wins over Olimpia of Argentina (83-89, 83-78, 101-76).

In 2000, in the F4 of Thessaloniki, Panathinaikos were the Champions of Europe for the second time, beating Maccabi 73-67 in the final. In 2002 in Bologna, they conquered the most prestigious european trophy for the third time, beating hosts Kinder Bologna 89-83.

2001-Present[edit]

In 2007 in Athens F4, Panathinaikos were crowned European Champions for the fourth time, beating CSKA Moscow 93-91. In 2009 in Berlin, the "greens" defeated again CSKA 73-71 to become the Champions of Europe for the fifth time. Their latest Euroleague triumph came in Barcelona in 2011, after defeating Maccabi 78-70 in the final. Panathinaikos won its sixth European Championship and became the second most successful club (behind Real Madrid in the history of the competition.

In 2013, a new sports department was founded for the first time after many years. It is the Rugby team, which was announced on the 7th of November 2013, while the re-foundation of the Field Hockey department was announced in 2014.

Description and titles of the professional departments[edit]

Panathinaikos men's football[edit]

Football is the first and oldest department of the club. The football team of Panathinaikos is the only Greek that has reached the UEFA Champions League final (in 1971) and semi-finals (in 1985 and 1996), such as the Intercontinental Cup final.

Ferenc Puskás, manager of Panathinaikos (1970–1974)
  • SEGAS Championship: (4): 1909, 1911, 1912, 1915 (as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon and Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
  • FCA Championship: (2) (record): 1921, 1922 (as Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)
  • SEGAS Cup: (2) (record): 1908, 1918 (as Podosferikos Omilos Athinon and Panellinios Podosferikos Omilos)

Panathinaikos men's basketball[edit]

Founded in 1922, the basketball team of the club is the most successful in Greece and one of the most successful in Europe, with six European championships and one Intercontinental Cup.

  • Greek Championship: (34) (record): 1946, 1947, 1950, 1951, 1954, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014
  • Greek Cup: (15) (record): 1979, 1982, 1983, 1986, 1993, 1996, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014

Panathinaikos men's volleyball[edit]

The volleyball department was founded in 1919. it is one of the oldest and most successful volleyball teams in Greece.

  • Greek Championship: (19): 1960, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2006
  • Greek Cup: (6): 1982, 1984, 1985, 2007, 2008, 2010
  • Greek Super Cup: (1): 2006

Description and titles of the amateur departments[edit]

Panathinaikos men's water polo[edit]

The department was founded in 1930. Despite its early establishment it doesn't have any particular honours so far.

Panathinaikos women's basketball[edit]

The department was founded in 1937, one of the oldest in the country.

  • Greek Championship: (4): 1998, 2000, 2005, 2013
  • Greek Cup: (1): 2000

Panathinaikos women's volleyball[edit]

The department was founded in 1969 and is the women's volleyball team with more trophies in Greece.

  • Greek Championship: (24) (record): 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1998, 2000, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
  • Greek Cup: (5) (record): 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010

Atomic Sports[edit]

Panathinaikos table tennis[edit]

The department was founded in 1924.

  • Greek Clubs' Championship, Men: (12): 1951, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1968, 1975
  • Greek Clubs' Championship, Women: (3): 1972, 1973, 1974
  • Greek Cup, Men: (3): 1965,1966, 1969
  • Greek Cup, Women: (1): 1972

Panathinaikos athletics[edit]

The athletics department was founded in 1919. The first athletes were the football players of the club.

  • Greek Championship, Men: (23): 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1989, 1990
  • Greek Indoor Championship, Men: (4): 1986, 1989, 1990, 1994
  • Greek Cross Country Championship, Men: (30) (record): 11930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1968, 1969, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2012
  • Greek Championship, Women: (3): 1946, 1947, 1949
  • Greek Cross Country Championship, Women: (6): 1949, 1950, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986

Panathinaikos cycling[edit]

Founded in 1928, it is one of the most successful departments of Panathinaikos.

Cycling team of 1928
  • Greek Championship, Overall Standings: (15) (record): 1954, 1956, 1958, 1963, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1982, 1985, 1989, 1990
  • Greek Road Championship, Men: (22) (record): 1983, 1984, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1997
  • Greek Track Championship, Men: (11) (record): 1954, 1956,1957 1958, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1985, 1986, 1989, 1990

Panathinaikos boxing[edit]

It was founded in 1912 by John Cyril Campbell, the coach of the football team.

  • Greek Championship, Men: (30) (record): 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2011
  • Greek Cup, Men: (2): 1988, 1999

Panathinaikos fencing[edit]

Just like the boxing department, it was founded in 1912 by John Cyril Campbell, the coach of the football team.

  • Greek Épée team championship, Men: (16): 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1980
  • Greek Foil team championship, Men: (11): 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1978

Panathinaikos shooting[edit]

Athanasios Aravositas

It was founded in 1928 by Athanasios Aravositas and it is one of the most successful departments of the club.

  • Greek Championship, Overall Standings: (10) (record): 1958, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1991

Panathinaikos archery[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Men: (4): 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986
  • Greek Championship, Women: (3): 1984, 1985, 1986

Panathinaikos diving[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Overall Standings: (3): 1969, 1972, 1975.

Panathinaikos swimming[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Overall Standings: (12): 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968

Panathinaikos weightlifting[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Men: (6): 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969

Panathinaikos wrestling[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Men: (1): 2014

Panathinaikos modern pentathlon[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Men: (2): 1980, 1987

Titles of the inactive departments[edit]

Panathinaikos chess[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Men: (7): 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970
  • Greek Cups: (3): 1972, 1973, 1974

Panathinaikos gymnastics[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Men: (1): 1972

Panathinaikos water skiing[edit]

  • Greek Championship, Men: (1): 1968

Notable supporters[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites[edit]

Fan sites[edit]